Early AmericanCivilizations  {   Social Studies for 9th E.G.B.      Teacher: Mauricio Torres
   Little is known about                  this civilization, except                  for the artifacts and               ...
   They first appeared in                 the southern part of                 México more than three                 mil...
   There structures showed spectacular           displays of power and wealth.          Inside their “Great Pyramid” the...
   The artifacts found by            archaeologists, give us an idea, that            the luxurious materials used were  ...
   The Olmecs were first defined as          an art-style. Later on did          anthropologists realize they          ac...
   They developed many things                throughout their existence:                      “Number zero” concept.    ...
   No one knows for sure of their decline.        Evidence suggests internal strife, invasion or        natural disasters...
   Why don’t we have    much information on    this ancient    culture, even though    they left a lot of    evidence beh...
   Wikipedia. (2012, April). Wikipedia - Olmec.        (Various, Editor) Retrieved from Wikipedia:        www.wikipedia.o...
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Olmecs

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Olmecs

  1. 1. Early AmericanCivilizations { Social Studies for 9th E.G.B. Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2.  Little is known about this civilization, except for the artifacts and monuments they left behind.  Not even what type of language they spoke, even though several theories have flourished during time. That is the reason why the sites have Spanish names.A mystery: The Olmecs
  3. 3.  They first appeared in the southern part of México more than three millenia ago.  The terrain they settled is very similar to all the other river valley civilizations of antiquity: well watered alluvial soil.The Olmecs
  4. 4.  There structures showed spectacular displays of power and wealth.  Inside their “Great Pyramid” there are many offerings stored, such as pottery figurines and mirrors.Opulence
  5. 5.  The artifacts found by archaeologists, give us an idea, that the luxurious materials used were product of trade, throughout Mesoamerica.  These same artifacts have been found all around Mesoamerica, leading to believe that trade was a fundamental part of their culture.Trade
  6. 6.  The Olmecs were first defined as an art-style. Later on did anthropologists realize they actually were a full scale civilization.  Their crafts include naturalistic figures as well as fantastic beings made in jade, clay, basalt and other materials.  Their most recognized figures were the Colossal Heads. There is no record of why they were crafted, which leads to muchArt speculation.
  7. 7.  They developed many things throughout their existence:  “Number zero” concept.  Writing.  Human sacrifice.  Mesoamerican Calendar.  Mesoamerican ballgame.Innovative people
  8. 8.  No one knows for sure of their decline. Evidence suggests internal strife, invasion or natural disasters. But it happened maybe as late as 400 BCE.Decline
  9. 9.  Why don’t we have much information on this ancient culture, even though they left a lot of evidence behind? Ask Yourself
  10. 10.  Wikipedia. (2012, April). Wikipedia - Olmec. (Various, Editor) Retrieved from Wikipedia: www.wikipedia.org (with previous checking of sources cited)Bibliography

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