Social Studies for 8th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio Torres
Introduction Mesopotamia was not the only place where civilizations developed. The Nile River helped develop another civilization: Egypt. This river, the longest in the world, brought life to the people settled around it. Herodotus, a Greek historian called Egypt “the gift of the Nile”.
The Nile: Physical Features and Location As mentioned before, The Nile is the longest river in the world. It runs 6000 kms long. It begins in central Africa and flows north to the Mediterranean Sea. It created a fertile valley 18 kms wide. Outside this area, there is only desert.
Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt included two regions, one to the north and the other one in the south. The southern region was known as Upper Egypt. The northern area was known as Lower Egypt.
The Delta A delta is a triangle shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river. Two thirds of the fertile land of Egypt is located on the delta.
Floods of the Nile Egypt receives little rain throughout the year. That is the reason why it is mostly covered by desert. Rain in the highlands of east Africa caused the Nile to flood: These floods caused the land to be rich in nutrients and ideal for farming. This land was dark in color because of silt. Egyptians awaited the floods each year, because it represented a “life-giving” miracle.
Ask Yourself Explain Where were Upper and Lower Egypt? Draw Conclusions: Why was it important to the Egyptian’s that the Nile´s flooding was consistent?
Excercise Type two short paragraphs: Five lines each Times New Roman 12 pt. The subject is, “What you know of Ancient Egypt”. Use your own words. Don´t do any research. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes! Start your first draft in class.
Bibliography Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Images taken from www.google.com