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10 African Colonization: Background

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  • 1. Colonizing Africa: Background Social Studies for 10th E.G.B. Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  • 2. 1400s & 1500s  Cinnamon, pepper and other spices were a vita part of the world economy in the 1400s.  These resources were grown in Asia, and the trade routes ere controlled by Arabs, who weren’t the best of friends with the Europeans.  This need ignited and old tradition of exploration + trade in the European nations.
  • 3. Motivations for Exploration Europeans and Asian had traded since ancient times. Spices were in high demand. Trade was controlled by Arabs and Italians.
  • 4. Curiosity The Renaissance fueled the imagination of people, including explorers.
  • 5. Portugal Portugal were the pioneers in the exploration of Africa. They were led by Prince Henry “The Navigator”, who encouraged and sponsored many adventures.  He believed Africans could be converted to Christianity. Portugal had expanded into Muslim North Africa
  • 6. Portugal They also believed that they would be able to control the riches Muslim traders controlled. With their experience and technology, they were also in a position to launch themselves on a search of a direct “African” sea-route towards Asia. Thus they trained their crews for long voyages and redesigned ships.
  • 7. Portugal In 1488 Bartholomeu Dias rounded the southern tip of Africa, now a days called: the Cape of Good Hope
  • 8. Ask Yourself Understand:  What were the factors that encouraged European exploration?  Why was Henry known as the Navigator if he never traveled the seas? Name:  Who were the first who set out to map the African coast? Analyze:  Why was a route to Asia so desperately needed?
  • 9. Quick Activity Answer the following:  What is the most prized resource today?  Who controls it?  What prevents people from obtaining it?
  • 10. Bibliography Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P. Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US: Pearson Education INC. Images taken from Google.com