Colonizing Africa: Background Social Studies for 10th E.G.B. Teacher: Mauricio Torres
1400s & 1500s Cinnamon, pepper and other spices were a vita part of the world economy in the 1400s. These resources were grown in Asia, and the trade routes ere controlled by Arabs, who weren’t the best of friends with the Europeans. This need ignited and old tradition of exploration + trade in the European nations.
Motivations for Exploration Europeans and Asian had traded since ancient times. Spices were in high demand. Trade was controlled by Arabs and Italians.
Curiosity The Renaissance fueled the imagination of people, including explorers.
Portugal Portugal were the pioneers in the exploration of Africa. They were led by Prince Henry “The Navigator”, who encouraged and sponsored many adventures. He believed Africans could be converted to Christianity. Portugal had expanded into Muslim North Africa
Portugal They also believed that they would be able to control the riches Muslim traders controlled. With their experience and technology, they were also in a position to launch themselves on a search of a direct “African” sea-route towards Asia. Thus they trained their crews for long voyages and redesigned ships.
Portugal In 1488 Bartholomeu Dias rounded the southern tip of Africa, now a days called: the Cape of Good Hope
Ask Yourself Understand: What were the factors that encouraged European exploration? Why was Henry known as the Navigator if he never traveled the seas? Name: Who were the first who set out to map the African coast? Analyze: Why was a route to Asia so desperately needed?
Quick Activity Answer the following: What is the most prized resource today? Who controls it? What prevents people from obtaining it?
Bibliography Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P. Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US: Pearson Education INC. Images taken from Google.com