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  • 1. Review:The Rise of Christianity Social Studies for 10th EBG Teacher: MauricioTorres
  • 2. Background ▪ When he was born, the dominating sect of Judaism was very strict and careful in obeying the laws of Moses. ▪ They lived structured lives and followed rituals carefully. ▪ They waited for a prophecy in which a descendant of King David would restore the greatness of the ancient kingdom. ▪ The prophets called him the “Messiah”, which means the anointed one. ▪ Since the invasion of the Romans, the Jews believed that the coming of the Messiah was near.
  • 3. New Religion Christianity: Based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth ▪ Outside the Bible, very little is known about him, even though he was one of the most influential figures in world history. ▪ His life and teachings are contained inside the New Testament, which is a sacred book for Christians (while the Old Testament is the same as the Hebrew Bible).
  • 4. The Birth Of Jesus Origin: ▪ According to the New Testament, he was born in Bethlehem. ▪ He was born from the marriage between Mary and Joseph, a carpenter. ▪ According to Christian beliefs, his father was not Joseph, but God himself, which is the main foundation of the religion. Growing up Jewish: ▪ As any other young Jew of the time, he grew up studying laws and Jewish teachings. ▪ When he was 30, he traveled around teaching and preaching. ▪ In those times, he became a celebrity for the Jews!
  • 5. Crucifixion and Resurrection CausingTrouble: ▪ When he travelled all over Judea, his message was well received by the populace. ▪ But his message ultimately challenged the authorities (religious and political). ▪ Due to this, Roman leaders arrested him around 30 AD. Arrest and Execution: ▪ After he was arrested and sentenced to death by crucifixion (execution in which a person is nailed to the cross). ▪ According to Christian beliefs, Jesus rose from the dead afterwards.This is known as Resurrection. ▪ Afterwards many of his disciples claimed to have seen him. ▪ This was evidence that he was the believed Messiah.
  • 6. Resurrection Jesus coming out of his tomb.
  • 7. Teachings of Jesus ▪ His teachings, from village to village, where rooted in old Jewish traditions: ▪ Love yourGod ▪ Love others: He taught his followers to not just love friends and family, but also to give charity to the poor and sick. By doing this, they showed their love to God. ▪ Salvation: ▪ He talked about salvation and how to reach the Kingdom of God. He spoke of the many ways to achieve this. ▪ Over the centuries, people have interpreted his teachings in many ways. As a result, many different denominations and sects of Christians have developed, even though we all share some basic beliefs about Jesus.
  • 8. How did his teachings spread out? ▪ The Apostles were 12 disciples whom Jesus chose to receive special training. ▪ After his resurrection, they traveled far and wide spreading his word and also wrote accounts of his life. ▪ These accounts are called Gospels. ▪ They are the main source of information about Jesus’ life. ▪ Four Gospels are found in the NewTestament and they were written by men known as Mark, Matthew, Luke and John. ▪ Maybe, the most important figure in the Spread of Christianity after Jesus’s death was Paul ofTarsus. ▪ He set out to travel as much as he could over the Roman Empire, spreading the word of Jesus.
  • 9. Growth of Christianity ▪ At first the Gospels were spread out only amongst Jews.Then Paul and others began preaching to non- Jews as well. ▪ This way, after a hundred years, there were many thousands of Christians living in the Roman empire. ▪ Soon Roman emperors began to fear the message of Christianity and banned the religion.This began a persecution (punishment of a group because of its beliefs) of Christians which sometimes ended in death. ▪ Christians began to meet in secret but continued to spread their faith until emperor Constantine banned the persecution of Christians.
  • 10. AskYourself ▪ Identify: ▪ Where is he story of Jesus recorded? ▪ Make inferences: ▪ Why was Jesus arrested and executed? ▪ Why was it important for Christianity to break away from Judaism? ▪ Draw Conclusions: ▪ Why do Christians consider the Resurrection important? ▪ Explain: ▪ How did Jesus spread his message? ▪ Compare: ▪ What to teachings of Jesus were rooted in Judaism? ▪ Analyze: ▪ Why did different denominations of Christians develop over time? ▪ Recall: ▪ Who were the 12Apostles?
  • 11. Bibliography ▪ Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. ▪ Images taken from Google.com