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Sabrina Scarborough Fractures Chpt 4
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Sabrina Scarborough Fractures Chpt 4

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    Sabrina Scarborough Fractures Chpt 4 Sabrina Scarborough Fractures Chpt 4 Presentation Transcript

    • FracturesChapter 4
      Sabrina Scarborough
    • Fracture Facts
      Medical term for a broken bone
      Average person has two during a lifetime
      Occurs when physical force to a bone is stronger than the bone
      Often easy to detect due to deformity
    • Classification of Fractures
      Open
      Closed
      Incomplete
      Complete
      Directional
    • Open Fractures
      Formerly referred to as compound
      Open wound extends to site of fracture
      Fragment of bone protrudes through skin
      Potential for bone to become infected
    • Closed Fractures
      Formerly referred to as simple
      Skin is not perforated
      Complicated
      Soft tissue around closed fracture is damaged
    • Incomplete Fractures
      Fracture does not extend completely across the bone
      Greenstick
      On the convex side of the curve of the bone
      Occurs most often in children
      Hairline
      Two sections of bone do not separate
      Common in skull fractures
    • Complete Fractures
      Bone breaks into more than two places
      Comminuted
      Bone breaks usually into two major fragments and a smaller fragment
      Impacted
      One fragment is driven into cancellous portion of other fragment
      Sometimes know as “bucket fracture”
    • Directional Fractures
      Transverse
      Right angles to the long axis of the bone
      Spiral
      Helical course around the bone
      Oblique
      Obliquely in relation to the long axis of the bone
    • Treatment for Fractures
      Arms, Legs, Hands and Feet
      Splinting
      Ice
      Elevating
      Immobilization
      Neck and Back
      Long board and neck collar to protect spinal column
      PLEASE REFER TO A MEDICAL PRACTITIONER FOR A COMPLETE EVALUATION!!