58 Study and Review Guide to accompany Anatomy & Physiology, 5th editionII BONE TISSUE STRUCTURE, FUNCTION. AND HOMEOSTASISMultiple Choice — select the best answer.12. Which of the following is NOT a component 15. The cells that produce the organic matrix in of bone matrix? bone are: a. inorganic salts a. chondrocytes. c. osteocytes. b. organic matrix b. osteoblasts. d. osteoclasts. c. collagenous fibers d. all of the above are components of bone 16. The bones in an adult that include red matrix marrow include all of the following EXCEPT:13. Small spaces in which bone cells lie are called: a. ribs. c. pelvis. a. lamellae. b. tarsals. d. femur. b. lacunae. c. canaliculi. 17. Low blood calcium evokes a response from: d. interstitial lamellae. a. calcitonin. b. thyroid.14. The basic structural unit of compact bone is: c. parathyroid hormone. a. trabeculae. d. none of the above. b. cancellous bone. c. osteon. d. none of the above.True or false18. ______________ Haversian canals run lengthwise, whereas Volkmanns canals run transverse to the bone.19. ______________ Giant, multinucleate cells that are responsible for bone resorption are called osteocytes.20. ______________ Bone marrow is found not only in the medullary cavities of certain long bones but also in the spaces of cancellous bone.21. ______________ Calcitonin functions to stimulate osteoblasts and inhibit osteoclasts.22. ______________ Hematopoiesis is a term referring to the formation of new haversian systems.23. ______________ Yellow marrow is found in almost all of the bones of an infants body. *If you had difficulty with this section, review pages 190-196III BONE DEVELOPMENT, GROWTH, RESORPTION, AND REPAIRMultiple Choice — select the best answer.24. The primary ossification center is located at 25. The primary purpose of the epiphyseal plate the: is: a. epiphysis. a. mending fractures. b. diaphysis. b. enlarging the epiphysis. c. articular cartilage. c. providing bone strength. d. none of the above. d. lengthening long bones.