Semester reviewfall2011part1ch1to6
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Semester reviewfall2011part1ch1to6 Semester reviewfall2011part1ch1to6 Document Transcript

  • Name: _____________________________________________ Pd: ______ Date: ______________Semester Review Packet Fall 2010Multiple ChoiceIdentify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following describes anatomy? a using devices to investigate parameters such as heart rate and blood pressure . b investigating human structure via dissections and other methods . c studying the unusual manner in which an organism responds to painful stimuli . d examining the physiology of life . 2. Physiology: a recognizes the unchanging (as opposed to the dynamic) nature of things. . b investigates the body’s structure. . c is concerned with organisms and does not deal with different levels of . organization such as cells and systems. d is the science that examines the function of living organisms and their parts. . 3. Metabolism refers to: a the chemical basis of life. . b the sum of all the physical and chemical reactions occurring in the body. . c an organization of similar cells specialized to perform a certain function. . d a subdivision of physiology. . 4. Homeostasis can best be described as: a a constant state maintained by living and nonliving organisms. . b a state of relative constancy. . c adaptation to external environment. . d changes in body temperature. .
  • 5. The smallest living units of structure and function in the body are: a molecules. . b cells. . c organelles. . d atoms. .6. An organization of many similar cells that are specialized to perform a certain function is called a(n): a tissue. . b organism. . c system. . d organ. .7. The lungs are located in the: a thoracic cavity. . b mediastinum. . c abdominal cavity. . d cranial cavity. .8. The mediastinum contains all the following except the: a trachea. . b venae cavae. . c right lung. . d esophagus. .9. The number of abdominal regions is: a three. .
  • b five. . c seven. . d nine. .10. The abdominal region in which the urinary bladder is found is the: a hypogastric. . b epigastric. . c right lumbar. . d left iliac. .11. The abdominal region in which the appendix is found is the: a hypogastric. . b right iliac. . c right lumbar. . d right hypochondriac. .12. A plane through the body that would divide the body into right and left sides is called: a sagittal. . b frontal. . c coronal. . d transverse. .13. The abdominal quadrants are located with what structure as their midpoint? a umbilicus . b pubic bone . c xiphoid process . d iliac crest .
  • 14. Two major cavities of the human body are: a ventral/dorsal. . b inferior/superior. . c visceral/parietal. . d axial/appendicular. .15. A plane through the body that would divide the body into anterior and posterior portions is: a sagittal. . b median. . c coronal. . d transverse. .16. The plane which divides the individual into upper and lower parts is the: a sagittal plane. . b frontal plane. . c transverse plane. . d superficial plane. .17. Pathogenesis may be defined as: a a specific disease. . b a group of diseases. . c the course of disease development. . d a subgroup of viruses. .18. The study of the aging process is: a neonatology. .
  • b gerontology. . c dermatology. . d podiatry. .19. Epidemiology is the study of the: a occurrence of diseases in human populations. . b distribution of diseases in human populations. . c transmission of diseases in human populations. . d all of the above. .20. Blood production is a function of which system? a reproductive . b respiratory . c skeletal . d lymphatic .21. Negative feedback control systems: a oppose a change. . b accelerate a change. . c have no effect on the deviation from set point. .22. Positive feedback control systems: a have no effect on the deviation from set point. . b accelerate a change. . c ignore a change. .23. The dorsal body cavity contains the:
  • a brain and spinal cord. . b heart and lungs. . c reproductive organs. . d digestive organs. .24. The ventral body cavity contains the: a thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities. . b heart and lungs only. . c digestive and reproductive organs. . d brain and spinal cord. .25. The axial portion of the body consists of the: a arms, neck, and legs. . b neck, torso, and arms. . c torso, arms, legs, and head. . d head, neck, and torso. .26. A sagittal section divides the body into: a upper and lower portions. . b right and left portions. . c front and back portions. .27. “Apple-shaped” or “pear-shaped” describe subtypes of what major body type? a mesomorph . b ectomorph . c endomorph . d polymorph .
  • 28. The most widespread and abundant tissue in the body is: a epithelial. . b connective. . c muscle. . d nervous. .29. A tissue is: a a membrane that lines body cavities. . b a group of similar cells that perform a common function. . c a thin sheet of cells embedded in a matrix. . d the most complex organizational unit of the body. .30. Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium is found in the: a mouth. . b esophagus. . c epidermis. . d vagina. .31. Glands that are not ducted, but release their products directly into tissue fluid and blood, are called: a endocrine. . b exocrine. . c holocrine. . d apocrine. .32. Which of the following would be found as skin covering? a pseudostratified columnar epithelium .
  • b stratified squamous (keratinized) epithelium . c pseudostratified squamous (keratinized) epithelium . d stratified squamous nonkeratinized epithelium .33. Blood is an example of: a epithelial tissue. . b connective tissue. . c osseous tissue. . d none of the above. .34. Collagenous fibers can be found extensively in: a epithelial tissue. . b connective tissue. . c muscle tissue. . d nervous tissue. .35. The type of tissue referred to as loose ordinary connective tissue is: a areolar. . b adipose. . c reticular. . d cartilage. .36. The basic organizational or structural unit of bone is called the: a canaliculi. . b lamellae. . c lacunae. . d haversian system. .
  • 37. Cartilage is a form of: a epithelial tissue. . b connective tissue. . c muscle tissue. . d osseous tissue. .38. The red marrow of bones is a form of: a skeletal muscle tissue. . b cartilage tissue. . c hematopoietic tissue. . d smooth muscle tissue. .39. The peritoneum is an example of a: a cutaneous membrane. . b serous membrane. . c mucous membrane. . d cuboidal membrane. .40. Connective tissue membranes differ from cutaneous and serous membranes in that they: a contain fewer layers of cells. . b do not contain epithelial components. . c are not smooth and slick. . d do not secrete fluids. .41. The most complex tissue in the body is: a connective. .
  • b epithelial. . c nervous. . d muscle. .42. Which of the following is not true of simple squamous epithelium? a It is one layer thick. . b It prevents the diffusion of material from one part of the body to another. . c It is composed of flat, scale-like cells. . d All of the above are true of simple squamous epithelium. .43. Which of the following is not true of simple cuboidal epithelium? a It is one layer thick. . b It is composed of cuboidal-shaped cells. . c It is found in ducts or tubules of the kidney. . d All of the above are true of simple cuboidal epithelium. .44. Microvilli are found on which types of cells in the lining of the intestine? a pseudostratified epithelium . b simple columnar epithelium . c stratified cuboidal epithelium . d simple cuboidal epithelium .45. Cilia are found on which types of cells lining the respiratory tract? a pseudostratified epithelium . b simple columnar epithelium . c stratified cuboidal epithelium . d simple cuboidal epithelium .
  • 46. Glandular epithelium is usually composed of: a stratified cuboidal epithelium. . b stratified columnar epithelium. . c pseudostratified columnar epithelium. . d none of the above. .47. The functioning of which of the following glandular tissues does not injure the cell or cause a loss of cytoplasm? a apocrine . b endocrine . c merocrine . d holocrine .48. Areolar tissue usually contains which type of cell in the greatest number? a macrophages . b fibroblasts . c mast cells . d phagocytes .49. Cells found only in cartilage include: a chondrocytes and fibroblasts. . b chondrocytes and macrophages. . c chondrocytes and mast cells. . d only chondrocytes are found only in cartilage. .50. The serous membrane covering the stomach would be called the: a visceral pleura.
  • . b visceral peritoneum. . c parietal pleura. . d parietal peritoneum. .51. Which of the following vitamins is/are absorbed through the skin? a vitamin A . b vitamin D . c vitamin K . d all of the above .52. The superficial outer layer of the epidermis is the: a stratum basale. . b stratum lucidum. . c stratum corneum. . d stratum granulosum. . e stratum spinosum. .53. Of the five epidermal cell layers, the only one that can undergo mitosis is the: a stratum basale. . b stratum lucidum. . c stratum corneum. . d stratum granulosum. . e stratum spinosum. .54. In what area of the body would you expect to find an especially thick stratum corneum? a back of the hand . b thigh
  • . c abdomen . d sole of the foot .55. The papillary layer of the dermis: a is responsible for cleavage or tension lines in the skin. . b does not contain blood vessels. . c is responsible for fingerprints. . d contains large deposits of fat. .56. Smooth muscles that produce goose pimples when they contract are the: a papillary muscles. . b cuticle muscles. . c medullary muscles. . d arrector pili muscles. .57. The type of cancer associated with changes in a mole is: a squamous cell carcinoma. . b malignant melanoma. . c basal cell carcinoma. . d columnar cell carcinoma. .58. Prolonged exposure to the sun causes melanocytes to: a increase in number. . b rupture and release their contents. . c increase melanin production. . d decrease melanin production. .
  • 59. Growth of fingernails is due to the mitosis of the cells in the: a stratum germinativum. . b stratum granulosum. . c stratum corneum. . d stratum lucidum. .60. The type of gland associated with blackheads is: a eccrine. . b apocrine. . c sebaceous. . d ceruminous. .61. The hair follicle consists of: a epidermal tissue. . b dermal tissue. . c hypodermal tissue. . d fibrous connective tissue. .62. Sebum: a lubricates hair and skin. . b is produced by sweat glands. . c consists of dead cells from hair follicles. . d is responsible for body odor. .63. The type of gland that produces the waxy secretion in the external ear canal is: a eccrine. . b apocrine.
  • . c sebaceous. . d ceruminous. .64. The surface film found on the skin has a variety of functions, including: a lubrication. . b buffering of caustic irritants. . c antibacterial and antifungal activity. . d all of the above. .65. The body compensates for the increase in the core body temperature due to exercise by: a decreasing the blood flow to the skin. . b increasing the blood flow to the core. . c increasing the blood flow to the skin. . d vasoconstriction of the blood vessels in the skin. .66. A major distinction between second- and third-degree burns is that: a only third-degree burns involve injury to the deep epidermal layers. . b only third-degree burns involve damage to hair follicles. . c only third-degree burns involve damage to the sweat glands. . d third-degree burns are characterized by insensitivity to pain immediately after . injury.67. In the skin, the dermis: a and epidermis are both epithelial tissue. . b and epidermis are both connective tissue. . c is connective tissue and the epidermis is epithelial tissue. . d is epithelial tissue and the epidermis is connective tissue. .
  • 68. The layer beneath the dermis is called the: a hypodermis. . b subcutaneous layer. . c superficial fascia. . d all of the above. .69. Which skin layer contains closely packed, clear cells that contain a gel-like substance called eleidin? a stratum lucidum . b stratum basale . c stratum granulosum . d stratum corneum .70. Normally, which percentage of the cells in the stratum basale enter mitosis each day? a 20–25% . b 10–12% . c 18–20% . d 35–40% .
  • Semester Review Packet Fall 2010Answer SectionMULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: B Topic: Anatomy and Physiology Difficulty: memorization Page: 5 2. ANS: D Topic: Physiology Difficulty: memorization Page: 6 3. ANS: B Topic: Characteristics of Life Difficulty: application Page: 7 4. ANS: B Topic: Homeostasis Difficulty: application Page: 20 5. ANS: B Topic: Levels of Organization Difficulty: memorization Page: 9 6. ANS: A Topic: Tissue Level Difficulty: memorization Page: 9 7. ANS: A Topic: Body Cavities Difficulty: memorization Page: 12 ( Table 1-2) 8. ANS: C Topic: Body Cavities Difficulty: memorization Page: 12 ( Table 1-2) 9. ANS: D Topic: Abdominal Regions
  • Difficulty: memorization Page: 1210. ANS: A Topic: Abdominal Regions Difficulty: memorization Page: 1311. ANS: A Topic: Abdominal Regions Difficulty: memorization Page: 1312. ANS: A Topic: Body Planes and Sections Difficulty: memorization Page: 1613. ANS: A Topic: Abdominopelvic Quadrants Difficulty: memorization Page: 1314. ANS: A Topic: Body Cavities Difficulty: memorization Page: 1115. ANS: C Topic: Body Planes and Sections Difficulty: memorization Page: 1616. ANS: C Topic: Body Planes and Sections Difficulty: memorization Page: 1617. ANS: C Topic: Disease Terminology Difficulty: memorization Page: 27 ( Box 1-4)18. ANS: B Topic: Cycle of Life: Life Span Considerations Difficulty: memorization Page: 26
  • 19. ANS: D Topic: Disease Terminology Difficulty: memorization Page: 27 (Box 1-4)20. ANS: C Topic: Support and Movement Difficulty: memorization Page: 1021. ANS: A Topic: Negative Feedback Control Systems Difficulty: memorization Page: 2522. ANS: B Topic: Positive Feedback Control Systems Difficulty: memorization Page: 2523. ANS: A Topic: Body Cavities Difficulty: memorization Page: 1224. ANS: A Topic: Body Cavities Difficulty: memorization Page: 1125. ANS: D Topic: Body Regions Difficulty: memorization Page: 1226. ANS: B Topic: Body Planes and Sections Difficulty: memorization Page: 1627. ANS: C Topic: Body Types and Diseases Difficulty: memorization Page: 18 & 1928. ANS: B
  • Topic: Connective Tissue Difficulty: memorization Page: 13229. ANS: B Topic: Tissues Difficulty: memorization Page: 12330. ANS: C Topic: Classification Based on Layers of Cells Difficulty: application Page: 129 & 130 (Fig. 5-8)31. ANS: A Topic: Glandular Epithelium Difficulty: memorization Page: 13132. ANS: B Topic: Classification Based on Layers of Cells Difficulty: application Page: 12933. ANS: B Topic: Connective Tissue Difficulty: memorization Page: 13434. ANS: B Topic: Characteristics of Connective Tissue Difficulty: memorization Page: 13235. ANS: A Topic: Classification of Connective Tissue Difficulty: application Page: 13536. ANS: D Topic: Bone Tissue Difficulty: memorization Page: 14037. ANS: B Topic: Classification of Connective Tissue Difficulty: memorization
  • Page: 13438. ANS: C Topic: Blood Difficulty: memorization Page: 14339. ANS: B Topic: Epithelial Membranes Difficulty: memorization Page: 14740. ANS: B Topic: Epithelial Membranes Difficulty: synthesis Page: 14841. ANS: C Topic: Principal Types of Tissue Difficulty: memorization Page: 12442. ANS: B Topic: Simple Epithelium Difficulty: application Page: 12643. ANS: D Topic: Simple Epithelium Difficulty: application Page: 12844. ANS: B Topic: Simple Epithelium Difficulty: memorization Page: 12845. ANS: A Topic: Simple Epithelium Difficulty: memorization Page: 12946. ANS: D Topic: Glandular Epithelium Difficulty: memorization Page: 131
  • 47. ANS: C Topic: Glandular Epithelium Difficulty: memorization Page: 13148. ANS: B Topic: Fibrous Connective Tissue Difficulty: memorization Page: 13649. ANS: D Topic: Cartilage Difficulty: memorization Page: 14050. ANS: B Topic: Serous Membranes Difficulty: application Page: 14751. ANS: D Topic: Functions of the Skin Difficulty: memorization Page: 17052. ANS: C Topic: Cell Layers Difficulty: memorization Page: 16253. ANS: A Topic: Cell Layers Difficulty: memorization Page: 16354. ANS: D Topic: Thin and Thick Skin Difficulty: synthesis Page: 16055. ANS: C Topic: Papillary Layer Difficulty: memorization Page: 16656. ANS: D Topic: Reticular Layer
  • Difficulty: memorization Page: 16657. ANS: B Topic: Skin Cancer Difficulty: application Page: 164 (Box 6-4)58. ANS: C Topic: Skin Color Difficulty: memorization Page: 16959. ANS: A Topic: Nails Difficulty: memorization Page: 17860. ANS: C Topic: Sebaceous Glands Difficulty: memorization Page: 18061. ANS: A Topic: Hair Difficulty: synthesis Page: 17662. ANS: A Topic: Sebaceous Glands Difficulty: synthesis Page: 18063. ANS: D Topic: Ceruminous Glands Difficulty: memorization Page: 18064. ANS: D Topic: Surface Film Difficulty: application Page: 170 & 17165. ANS: C Topic: Heat Loss Difficulty: memorization Page: 172
  • 66. ANS: D Topic: Estimating Body Surface Area Difficulty: synthesis Page: 175 & 17667. ANS: C Topic: The Structure of the Skin Difficulty: memorization Page: 160 & 16168. ANS: D Topic: Structure of the Skin Difficulty: memorization Page: 16169. ANS: A Topic: Epidermis Difficulty: memorization Page: 16270. ANS: B Topic: Epidermal Growth and Repair Difficulty: memorization Page: 164