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    Semester packetpart2ch6to8key Semester packetpart2ch6to8key Document Transcript

    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKChapter 6Skin and Its AppendagesMultiple Choice1. Which of the following vitamins is/are absorbed through the skin?A. vitamin AB. vitamin DC. vitamin KD. all of the aboveAns: DTopic: Functions of the SkinDifficulty: memorizationPage: 1702. Which of the following is not a function of the skin?A. defense against disease organismsB. synthesis of vitamin EC. regulation of body temperatureD. excretion of water and saltsAns: BTopic: Functions of the SkinDifficulty: applicationPage: 1703. The superficial outer layer of the epidermis is the:A. stratum basale.B. stratum lucidum.C. stratum corneum.D. stratum granulosum.E. stratum spinosum.Ans: CTopic: Cell LayersDifficulty: memorizationPage: 1624. Of the five epidermal cell layers, the only one that can undergo mitosis is the:A. stratum basale.B. stratum lucidum.C. stratum corneum.D. stratum granulosum.E. stratum spinosum.Ans: ATopic: Cell LayersDifficulty: memorizationPage: 1635. The area referred to as true skin is the:A. stratum corneum. 1
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKB. subcutaneous layer.C. dermis.D. hypodermis.Ans: CTopic: DermisDifficulty: memorizationPage: 1656. In what area of the body would you expect to find an especially thick stratum corneum?A. back of the handB. thighC. abdomenD. sole of the footAns: DTopic: Thin and Thick SkinDifficulty: synthesisPage: 1607. The papillary layer of the dermis:A. is responsible for cleavage or tension lines in the skin.B. does not contain blood vessels.C. is responsible for fingerprints.D. contains large deposits of fat.Ans: CTopic: Papillary LayerDifficulty: memorizationPage: 1668. Smooth muscles that produce goose pimples when they contract are the:A. papillary muscles.B. cuticle muscles.C. medullary muscles.D. arrector pili muscles.Ans: DTopic: Reticular LayerDifficulty: memorizationPage: 1669. The most common type of skin cancer is:A. squamous cell carcinoma.B. basal cell carcinoma.C. Kaposi’s sarcoma.D. malignant melanoma.Ans: BTopic: Skin CancerDifficulty: memorizationPage: 164 (Box 6-4)10. The type of cancer associated with changes in a mole is: 2
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKA. squamous cell carcinoma.B. malignant melanoma.C. basal cell carcinoma.D. columnar cell carcinoma.Ans: BTopic: Skin CancerDifficulty: applicationPage: 164 (Box 6-4)11. Prolonged exposure to the sun causes melanocytes to:A. increase in number.B. rupture and release their contents.C. increase melanin production.D. decrease melanin production.Ans: CTopic: Skin ColorDifficulty: memorizationPage: 16912. Growth of fingernails is due to the mitosis of the cells in the:A. stratum germinativum.B. stratum granulosum.C. stratum corneum.D. stratum lucidum.Ans: ATopic: NailsDifficulty: memorizationPage: 17813. Apocrine sweat glands can be found in all of the following areas except the:A. soles of the feet.B. armpit.C. areola of the breast.D. pigmented skin areas around the anus.Ans: ATopic: Sweat GlandsDifficulty: applicationPage: 17914. The type of gland associated with blackheads is:A. eccrine.B. apocrine.C. sebaceous.D. ceruminous.Ans: CTopic: Sebaceous GlandsDifficulty: memorization 3
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKPage: 18015. Hair:A. alternates between periods of growth and rest.B. consists of keratinized cells.C. is formed from cells of the germinal matrix.D. all of the above.Ans: DTopic: HairDifficulty: synthesisPage: 176 & 17716. The hair follicle consists of:A. epidermal tissue.B. dermal tissue.C. hypodermal tissue.D. fibrous connective tissue.Ans: ATopic: HairDifficulty: synthesisPage: 17617. Sebum:A. lubricates hair and skin.B. is produced by sweat glands.C. consists of dead cells from hair follicles.D. is responsible for body odor.Ans: ATopic: Sebaceous GlandsDifficulty: synthesisPage: 18018. The type of gland that produces the waxy secretion in the external ear canal is:A. eccrine.B. apocrine.C. sebaceous.D. ceruminous.Ans: DTopic: Ceruminous GlandsDifficulty: memorizationPage: 18019. The surface film found on the skin has a variety of functions, including:A. lubrication.B. buffering of caustic irritants.C. antibacterial and antifungal activity.D. all of the above. 4
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKAns: DTopic: Surface FilmDifficulty: applicationPage: 170 & 17120. Although body temperature normally changes very little during the course of a day, it is generallythe lowest during:A. the early morning.B. mid-afternoon.C. late afternoon.D. the evening.Ans: ATopic: Homeostasis of Body TemperatureDifficulty: applicationPage: 17221. The body compensates for the increase in the core body temperature due to exercise by:A. decreasing the blood flow to the skin.B. increasing the blood flow to the core.C. increasing the blood flow to the skin.D. vasoconstriction of the blood vessels in the skin.Ans: CTopic: Heat LossDifficulty: memorizationPage: 17222. The reason that the same degree of environmental temperature seems hotter in humid climates thanin dry ones is because:A. the process of evaporation increases.B. the process of evaporation is retarded.C. the process of radiation is increased in humid climates.D. humid climates alter the temperature receptors in the hypothalamus by mechanisms unknown.Ans: BTopic: EvaporationDifficulty: applicationPage: 17223. A second-degree burn is characterized by:A. destruction of both the epidermis and the dermis.B. severe pain, generalized swelling, and edema.C. minor discomfort and some redness.D. involvement of muscles, fasciae, or bones.Ans: BTopic: Estimating Body Surface AreaDifficulty: application 5
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKPage: 17524. A major distinction between second- and third-degree burns is that:A. only third-degree burns involve injury to the deep epidermal layers.B. only third-degree burns involve damage to hair follicles.C. only third-degree burns involve damage to the sweat glands.D. third-degree burns are characterized by insensitivity to pain immediately after injury.Ans: DTopic: Estimating Body Surface AreaDifficulty: synthesisPage: 175 & 17625. In the skin, the dermis:A. and epidermis are both epithelial tissue.B. and epidermis are both connective tissue.C. is connective tissue and the epidermis is epithelial tissue.D. is epithelial tissue and the epidermis is connective tissue.Ans: CTopic: The Structure of the SkinDifficulty: memorizationPage: 160 & 16126. The layer beneath the dermis is called the:A. hypodermis.B. subcutaneous layer.C. superficial fascia.D. all of the above.Ans: DTopic: Structure of the SkinDifficulty: memorizationPage: 16127. Which skin layer has cells that look prickly because of the desmosomes that join the cells together?A. stratum basaleB. stratum spinosumC. stratum granulosumD. stratum corneumAns: BTopic: EpidermisDifficulty: memorizationPage: 16328. Which skin layer contains closely packed, clear cells that contain a gel-like substance called eleidin?A. stratum lucidumB. stratum basaleC. stratum granulosumD. stratum corneum 6
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKAns: ATopic: EpidermisDifficulty: memorizationPage: 16229. Normally, which percentage of the cells in the stratum basale enter mitosis each day?A. 20–25%B. 10–12%C. 18–20%D. 35–40%Ans: BTopic: Epidermal Growth and RepairDifficulty: memorizationPage: 16430. Which of the following is not true of the dermis?A. It contains a papillary layer.B. It contains a reticular layer.C. In general, the dermis is thinner on the dorsal side of the body than it is on the ventral side.D. It plays an important role in body temperature regulation.Ans: CTopic: DermisDifficulty: memorizationPage: 16531. “Burns” can be caused by:A. ultraviolet light.B. corrosive chemicals.C. electrical current.D. all of the above.Ans: DTopic: BurnsDifficulty: memorizationPage: 174Chapter 7Skeletal Tissues32. A fracture in the shaft of a bone would be a break in the:A. epiphysis.B. periosteum.C. diaphysis.D. articular cartilage.Ans: CTopic: Parts of a Long BoneDifficulty: application 7
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKPage: 19033. The organic matrix of bone consists of:A. collagenous fibers.B. protein.C. polysaccharides.D. all of the above.Ans: DTopic: Organic MatrixDifficulty: memorizationPage: 19234. Which of the following is not one of the primary functions performed by bones?A. mineral storageB. protectionC. hormonal productionD. hematopoiesisAns: CTopic: Functions of BoneDifficulty: memorizationPage: 19635. Hematopoiesis is carried out in the:A. osteoclasts.B. osteocytes.C. yellow bone marrow.D. red bone marrow.Ans: DTopic: Functions of BoneDifficulty: memorizationPage: 19636. The first step to heal a fracture is:A. the formation of specialized callus.B. the formation of a fracture hematoma.C. proper alignment of the fracture.D. the formation of a collar of normal bone covering the broken ends.Ans: BTopic: Repair of Bone FracturesDifficulty: synthesis 8
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKPage: 20237. Normally, bone loss will begin to exceed bone gain between the ages of:A. 20 and 25 years.B. 25 and 30 years.C. 30 and 35 years.D. 35 and 40 years.Ans: DTopic: Bone Growth and ResorptionDifficulty: memorizationPage: 20138. The form of the external ear is due to:A. fibrocartilage.B. elastic cartilage.C. osseous tissue.D. hyaline cartilage.Ans: BTopic: Elastic CartilageDifficulty: memorizationPage: 20339. In young children, vitamin A deficiency will:A. cause an increase in the thickness of epiphyseal plates in the growing long bones.B. cause a decrease in the thickness of epiphyseal plates in the growing long bones.C. produce the same alterations of the epiphyseal plate as vitamin D deficiency does.D. have no effect on the epiphyseal plate, but will cause an increase in bone marrowproduction.Ans: BTopic: Cartilage and Nutritional DeficienciesDifficulty: memorizationPage: 202 (Box 7-5)Chapter 8Skeletal System40. Which is not a part of the axial skeleton?A. ribB. vertebral columnC. mandibleD. clavicleAns: D 9
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKTopic: Divisions of SkeletonDifficulty: memorizationPage: 213 (Yable 8-1)41. The axial skeleton consists of:A. 60 bones.B. 68 bones.C. 74 bones.D. 80 bones.Ans: DTopic: Divisions of SkeletonDifficulty: memorizationPage: 213 (Table 8-1)42. The appendicular skeleton consists of:A. 102 bones.B. 118 bones.C. 126 bones.D. 137 bones.Ans: CTopic: Divisions of SkeletonDifficulty: memorizationPage: 213 (Table 8-1)43. The term sinus, as it relates to bone markings, may be defined as a:A. raised area or projection.B. cavity within a bone.C. tubelike opening or channel.D. groove or elongated depression.Ans: BTopic: Divisions of SkeletonDifficulty: memorizationPage: 214 (Table 8-2)44. Which suture is between the occipital and parietal bones?A. squamousB. lambdoidalC. sagittalD. coronalAns: BTopic: Cranial BonesDifficulty: memorizationPage: 227 10
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANK45. The upper parts of the nasal septum and the side walls of the nasal cavity are formed by the______ bone(s).A. nasalB. sphenoidC. ethmoidD. maxillaeAns: BTopic: Cranial BonesDifficulty: synthesisPage: 22946. Which of the following is a true statement?A. The ethmoid is a flat bone that lies anterior to the sphenoid.B. The ethmoid is an irregular bone that lies posterior to the sphenoid, but anterior to the nasalbones.C. The ethmoid is an irregular bone that lies anterior to the sphenoid, but posterior to the nasalbones.D. The ethmoid is a short bone that lies anterior to the nasal bones.Ans: CTopic: Cranial BonesDifficulty: memorizationPage: 22947. If the cribriform plate is damaged, there is a chance of:A. infectious materials passing from the ear to the brain.B. food passing from the mouth into the nose.C. difficulty chewing.D. infectious materials passing from the nose to the brain.Ans: DTopic: The Cribriform PlateDifficulty: applicationPage: 229 (Box 8-2)48. A fontanel can best be described as a(n):A. bone in the skull.B. unossified area in the infant’s skull.C. articulation between two skull bones.D. small opening.Ans: BTopic: Cranial BonesDifficulty: memorizationPage: 22849. The upper part of the sternum is called the: 11
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKA. costal cartilage.B. xiphoid process.C. body.D. manubrium.Ans: DTopic: SternumDifficulty: memorizationPage: 23550. All vertebrae, except the sacrum and coccyx, have a central opening called the:A. spinous process.B. vertebral foramen.C. dens.D. transverse process.Ans: BTopic: Vertebral ColumnDifficulty: memorizationPage: 23251. The layman’s name for the clavicle is the:A. collar bone.B. kneecap.C. shinbone.D. elbow.Ans: ATopic: Upper ExtremityDifficulty: memorizationPage: 23752. Metacarpal bones form the framework of the:A. wrist.B. hand.C. ankle.D. foot.Ans: BTopic: Upper ExtremityDifficulty: memorizationPage: 23653. The pisiform bone can be found in the:A. wrist.B. ankle. 12
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKC. neck.D. skull.Ans: ATopic: Upper ExtremityDifficulty: memorizationPage: 23654. The structure above the pelvic inlet, which is bordered by muscle in the front and bonealong the sides and back, is called the:A. pelvic brim.B. false pelvis.C. pelvic girdle.D. true pelvis.Ans: BTopic: Lower ExtremityDifficulty: memorizationPage: 24155. The anterior of the pelvic girdle is formed by the:A. sacrum.B. ilium.C. ischium.D. pubis.Ans: DTopic: Lower ExtremityDifficulty: synthesisPage: 24156. During childbirth, a baby passes through an imaginary plane called the:A. pelvic outlet.B. symphysis pubis.C. pelvic brim.D. ilium.Ans: ATopic: Lower ExtremityDifficulty: synthesisPage: 24157. The longest and heaviest bone in the body is the:A. tibia.B. fibula.C. coxal.D. femur.Ans: D 13
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANKTopic: Lower ExtremityDifficulty: memorizationPage: 24158. A person with a fractured patella would expect discomfort in the:A. elbow.B. knee.C. head.D. ankle.Ans: BTopic: Lower ExtremityDifficulty: applicationPage: 24359. Which of the following is not a tarsal bone?A. cuneiformB. navicularC. scaphoidD. talusAns: CTopic: Lower ExtremityDifficulty: applicationPage: 23660. Which of the following is not true?A. The pubic arch in the male is less than a 90-degree angle.B. The female facial area is more pronounced than that of the male.C. The iliac crest is more flared in the female than in the male.D. The male pelvic cavity is more narrow that that of the female.Ans: BTopic: Skeletal Differences in Men and WomenDifficulty: synthesisPage: 247 (Table 8-9)61. A hunchback appearance of the thoracic region is probably due to:A. lordosis.B. scoliosis.C. kyphosis.D. slipped disks.Ans: CTopic: Mechanisms of DiseaseDifficulty: memorizationPage: 250 14
    • Thibodeau and Patton: ANTHONY’S ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, 17th Edition – TEST BANK62. Lateral curvature of the spine is called:A. scoliosis.B. lordosis.C. kyphosis.D. convexity.Ans: ATopic: Mechanisms of DiseaseDifficulty: memorizationPage: 25063. All of the following are clinical signs and symptoms of a fracture except:A. soft tissue edema.B. realignment of the bone.C. false motion.D. pain.Ans: BTopic: Mechanisms of DiseaseDifficulty: synthesisPage: 248 & 24964. Which of the following bones is not a part of the face?A. frontalB. zygomaticC. lacrimalD. maxillaAns: ATopic: SkullDifficulty: memorizationPage: 227 15