15.1 Providing First Aid Pages 379-382 Key Words:  First Aid, Triage, EMT, and First Responder LEQ:  How does remaining ca...
What is  First Aid ? <ul><li>Immediate care that is given to the victim of an injury or illness to minimize the effect of ...
Proper First Aid <ul><li>Can mean the difference between life and death </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery versus permanent disabi...
Remain Calm!!! <ul><li>In order to make the right decisions and provide proper care, you must remain calm and in control o...
Step One in Any Emergency <ul><li>You must recognize that an emergency exists!! </li></ul><ul><li>Use all of your senses d...
Use Your Senses <ul><li>Listen for Unusual Sounds </li></ul><ul><li>( glass breaking, screaming, changes in equipment, cal...
Learn to Assess the Situation What Do You See?
What do you See?
 
Look Closely
White Dots or Black Dots?
Safe?
Once You Know there is an Emergency, Take Appropriate Actions <ul><li>Check the Scene ( Danger? Victims and Where?) </li><...
Assess the Victim <ul><li>Determine if they are Conscious </li></ul><ul><li>Never Move an injured person unless the victim...
EMS ( Emergency Medical Services ) is Essential <ul><li>Time is Critical so contact EMS ASAP </li></ul><ul><li>911 = Descr...
LEGAL ISSUES <ul><li>If possible, obtain the patients permission to treat them </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce yourself </li><...
What is  TRIAGE <ul><li>Triage is a method of prioritizing treatment </li></ul><ul><li>When there are two or more victims,...
Life-Threatening <ul><li>Not Breathing or Difficulty Breathing </li></ul><ul><li>No Pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Severe Bleedin...
Secondary  <ul><li>Fractures </li></ul><ul><li>1 st  Degree Burns </li></ul><ul><li>Vital Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Temperat...
Sources of Information <ul><li>Your Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>The Victim </li></ul><ul><li>Witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>...
General Principles <ul><li>Obtain Qualified Assistance ASAP </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Unnecessary Movement </li></ul><ul><li...
EMT (Emergency Medical Technician) <ul><li>They provide emergency pre-hospital care to victims of accidents, injuries, or ...
First Responders CFR (Certified First Responder) <ul><li>A First Responder is the first person to arrive at the scene of a...
EMT-B ( Basic ) <ul><li>Mainly the Ambulance Driver </li></ul><ul><li>Trained in providing care for a wide range of illnes...
EMT-I (Intermediate) <ul><li>Everything and EMT-B and EMT-D can do </li></ul><ul><li>Assess Patient </li></ul><ul><li>Mana...
EMT-P ( Paramedic) <ul><li>Can do everything EMT-B, D, and I can do </li></ul><ul><li>Provide ACLS (Advanced Cardiac Life ...
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15 1 providing first aid

  1. 1. 15.1 Providing First Aid Pages 379-382 Key Words: First Aid, Triage, EMT, and First Responder LEQ: How does remaining calm influence the outcome of first aid?
  2. 2. What is First Aid ? <ul><li>Immediate care that is given to the victim of an injury or illness to minimize the effect of the injury or illness until experts can take over </li></ul>
  3. 3. Proper First Aid <ul><li>Can mean the difference between life and death </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery versus permanent disability </li></ul><ul><li>In the time of need knowing how to help yourself and others </li></ul>
  4. 4. Remain Calm!!! <ul><li>In order to make the right decisions and provide proper care, you must remain calm and in control of the situation </li></ul><ul><li>You must be able to choose what care is appropriate for the injury </li></ul>
  5. 5. Step One in Any Emergency <ul><li>You must recognize that an emergency exists!! </li></ul><ul><li>Use all of your senses during an emergency and trust your “gut feeling” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Use Your Senses <ul><li>Listen for Unusual Sounds </li></ul><ul><li>( glass breaking, screaming, changes in equipment, calls for help etc..) </li></ul><ul><li>Look for Unusual Sights </li></ul><ul><li>( empty medicine bottles, damaged wires, stalled car, blood, or chemicals ) </li></ul><ul><li>Note any Unusual, Unfamiliar, or Strange Odors </li></ul><ul><li>( chemicals, natural gas, smoke, or pungent fumes) </li></ul><ul><li>Watch for Unusual Appearances or Behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>( dyspnea, clutching the chest or throat, abnormal skin color, confusion, diaphoresis, or pain ) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Learn to Assess the Situation What Do You See?
  8. 8. What do you See?
  9. 10. Look Closely
  10. 11. White Dots or Black Dots?
  11. 12. Safe?
  12. 13. Once You Know there is an Emergency, Take Appropriate Actions <ul><li>Check the Scene ( Danger? Victims and Where?) </li></ul><ul><li>If the Scene is NOT SAFE, Call for EMS and wait </li></ul><ul><li>Do not endanger yourself or the lives of others </li></ul>
  13. 14. Assess the Victim <ul><li>Determine if they are Conscious </li></ul><ul><li>Never Move an injured person unless the victim is in immediate danger </li></ul><ul><li>Moving an injured victim may cause more damage </li></ul>
  14. 15. EMS ( Emergency Medical Services ) is Essential <ul><li>Time is Critical so contact EMS ASAP </li></ul><ul><li>911 = Describe the situation, actions taken, exact location, telephone number from which you are calling, assistance required, number of victims, and their condition </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT HANG UP with 911 until told to do so </li></ul><ul><li>You may have to give others direction </li></ul>
  15. 16. LEGAL ISSUES <ul><li>If possible, obtain the patients permission to treat them </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce yourself </li></ul><ul><li>If the victim is a child, obtain parents permission if they are present </li></ul><ul><li>If the victim does not give consent, DO NOT treat the victim; contact 911 and alert them of the situation *witness </li></ul><ul><li>“ Good Samaritan Act” Provide ONLY the treatment you are qualified to provide </li></ul>
  16. 17. What is TRIAGE <ul><li>Triage is a method of prioritizing treatment </li></ul><ul><li>When there are two or more victims, Triage helps determine who is treated first </li></ul><ul><li>Always start with Life-Threatening and work your way down in priority </li></ul>
  17. 18. Life-Threatening <ul><li>Not Breathing or Difficulty Breathing </li></ul><ul><li>No Pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Severe Bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Chest Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Severe Abdominal Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting Blood </li></ul><ul><li>Poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>Head, Neck, or Spinal Injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Open Chest or Abdominal Wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Shock </li></ul><ul><li>Severe 2 nd or 3 rd Degree Burns </li></ul>
  18. 19. Secondary <ul><li>Fractures </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Degree Burns </li></ul><ul><li>Vital Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature, Color, and Moistness of the Skin </li></ul><ul><li>Compare the Pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Look for Fluid or Blood coming from the Mouth, Nose, or Ears </li></ul><ul><li>Gently examine the body for Bruises, Swelling, or Painful areas </li></ul>** Always inform EMS of Your Findings
  19. 20. Sources of Information <ul><li>Your Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>The Victim </li></ul><ul><li>Witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Medical ID Bracelets </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Necklace </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Card </li></ul><ul><li>Wallet </li></ul><ul><li>Empty Medicine Bottles </li></ul><ul><li>Cell Phone </li></ul><ul><li>Bottles of Chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Bottles of Solution </li></ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul><ul><li>Surroundings </li></ul>
  20. 21. General Principles <ul><li>Obtain Qualified Assistance ASAP </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid Unnecessary Movement </li></ul><ul><li>If the Victim is Unconscious or Vomiting, do not give them PO </li></ul><ul><li>Reassure the Victim </li></ul><ul><li>Protect them from Extreme Weather </li></ul><ul><li>Work Quickly, but in an organized manner </li></ul><ul><li>Do not make a diagnosis or discuss the victims condition with observers only individuals that are assisting and EMS </li></ul>
  21. 22. EMT (Emergency Medical Technician) <ul><li>They provide emergency pre-hospital care to victims of accidents, injuries, or sudden illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>There are various levels of training for the different groups </li></ul>
  22. 23. First Responders CFR (Certified First Responder) <ul><li>A First Responder is the first person to arrive at the scene of an illness or injury </li></ul><ul><li>Common Examples are Volunteers, Police Officers, Fire Fighters, or Immediate Family members trained in CPR and First Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Trained in Airway management, Oxygen Administration, Bleeding Control, and CPR </li></ul>
  23. 24. EMT-B ( Basic ) <ul><li>Mainly the Ambulance Driver </li></ul><ul><li>Trained in providing care for a wide range of illnesses and injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Fractures </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Childbirth </li></ul><ul><li>Rescuing Trapped victims </li></ul><ul><li>Transporting Victims </li></ul><ul><li>110 Hours of Direct Training Needed </li></ul><ul><li>EMT-D can use the Defibrillator </li></ul>
  24. 25. EMT-I (Intermediate) <ul><li>Everything and EMT-B and EMT-D can do </li></ul><ul><li>Assess Patient </li></ul><ul><li>Manage Shock </li></ul><ul><li>Use IV equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Insert Airways (Intubate) </li></ul><ul><li>145 Hours of Direct Training </li></ul>
  25. 26. EMT-P ( Paramedic) <ul><li>Can do everything EMT-B, D, and I can do </li></ul><ul><li>Provide ACLS (Advanced Cardiac Life Support) </li></ul><ul><li>ECG Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>ET Tube Intubation </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Operation of Complex Equipment and Situations </li></ul><ul><li>2 Years of Education Required </li></ul>

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