Motivation for science learning usep


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  • (i) Stimulates behaviour (ii) Makes act
  • The subjects (sciences) are hard, how many of us have the same attitude? How do we scare students? Science is not for you - science is hard What made you come? - wanted to learn - coarsed (bosses said you must go) - something (money)
  • Streaming students according to perfomance. What is your view?
  • Traditional model – used to practice the wage incentive method to motivate workers/subordinate (Taylor, Fayol) Human relations model there was observation that social needs of their subordinates were neglected (Mayo) the resources model focused on employees high order needs i.e. self esteem, actualisation (mcgregor, maslow)
  • If you are in 20s save 10% of your monthly earnings, if in 30s save 15% of your monthly earnings If in 40s save 20%, in 50s save 25%
  • Motivation for science learning usep

    1. 1. MOTIVATION By S s a l i A l l y
    2. 2. (A) motivation for science learning <ul><li>What is motivation? </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation comes from the Latin word </li></ul><ul><li>“ movere” – “Movi” – “Motum” </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation  is the driving force by which humans achieve their goals…Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation is the process that stimulates one’s behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Force that drives one to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Mental and psychological readiness to do a task </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulus that encourage a certain behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Something that compels one to act </li></ul>
    3. 3. Cont: Motivation in science learning <ul><li>Learner motivation is about his/her desire to be a part in/of the learning process. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners are not equally motivated to perform, and the sources of their motivation may be very different. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation is every bit as important as discipline. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Cont: motivation for Science learning <ul><li>Motivation could be of two types: </li></ul><ul><li>one from within (INTRINSIC) refers to motivation that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) one from without (EXTRINSIC) comes from outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards like money and grades, coercion  and threat of punishment </li></ul>
    5. 5. Intrinsic type <ul><li>Personal/Own interest </li></ul><ul><li>Curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Pure enjoyment </li></ul>
    6. 6. The extrinsic type <ul><li>Incentive motivation is a popular business practice that has found its way into education in the form of offering extrinsic rewards for achievements. </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic motivation is better with students/learners because extrinsic rewards can interfere with altruism (selflessness) and goal-setting in students/learners. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Cont: Extrinsic type <ul><li>- Gifts </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Field work </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal appreciation </li></ul><ul><li>- Written appreciation </li></ul><ul><li>- Previous successes </li></ul><ul><li>- Role models </li></ul><ul><li>- Personality of a teacher </li></ul>
    8. 8. Cont: motivation for science learning <ul><li>Under Extrinsic, there are re-enforcers that can be both positive and negative </li></ul><ul><li>Positive enforcers are: </li></ul><ul><li>Good grades </li></ul><ul><li>Praise </li></ul><ul><li>Privileges e.g. govt sponsorship for science </li></ul><ul><li>Certificate of merit (to thank them) </li></ul>
    9. 9. Cont: motivation for science learning <ul><li>Negative re-enforcers include: </li></ul><ul><li>Bad grades </li></ul><ul><li>Bad comments e.g. hopeless, rubbish, stupid </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of privileges </li></ul>
    10. 10. Cont: motivation for science learning <ul><li>As we look at motivation we do not need to forget about Maslow’s hierarchical needs </li></ul><ul><li>Physiological needs </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and security needs </li></ul><ul><li>Love and belonging needs </li></ul><ul><li>Esteem needs </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Actualization needs </li></ul>
    11. 11. Cont: motivation for science learning <ul><li>Changing views on motivation in institutions </li></ul>To motivate, Transfer increased Responsibility Human Resources Model To motivate, Provide wage incentive Traditional Model To motivate, Meet Employee’s social needs Human Relations model Changing views of motivation adopted from Motivation in Educational Management “Issues and Strategies” by B. Mukhopadhyay
    12. 12. Cont: Motivation for science learning <ul><li>Group work </li></ul><ul><li>What cause lack of motivation among teachers and learners in science? </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest possible ways of reducing demotivating factors in science teaching and learning </li></ul>
    13. 13. Demotivation(a list of causes of lack of motivation <ul><li>Incompatible goals </li></ul><ul><li>Role delusions </li></ul><ul><li>Insecurity </li></ul><ul><li>Work load </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of aspirations </li></ul><ul><li>Discontent at home </li></ul><ul><li>Mismatched students </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational complex </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive administrative control </li></ul><ul><li>Misbehaviour of superiors </li></ul>
    14. 14. Cont: Demotivation (a list of causes of lack of motivation <ul><li>Communication failure </li></ul><ul><li>External interferences </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts and internal politics </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate resources </li></ul><ul><li>Demands of social philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Changing educational needs </li></ul>
    15. 15. Way forward <ul><li>Be sensitive, and understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Believe in students’ capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Create learning environment that is pleasant, that is conducive </li></ul><ul><li>Build on learners interests and intrinsic values so that we relate the lessons to learners’ lives </li></ul>
    16. 16. Cont: Way forward <ul><li>Students learn by being taught but learn more by being encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>Some basic rules to follow when motivating learners </li></ul><ul><li>- Ego (Recognition) </li></ul><ul><li>- Respect </li></ul><ul><li>- Set standards i.e. Handwriting, neatness/smartness, speed, organisation & accuracy </li></ul>
    17. 17. (B) PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>Personal development includes activities that improve awareness and identity, develop talents and potential, build human capital and facilitates employability, enhance quality of life and contribute to the realization of... (Wikipedia) </li></ul>
    18. 18. (B) PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>The difference between the rich and the poor is the “ state of the mind ” </li></ul><ul><li>It is the mind which is either up or down </li></ul><ul><li>It is your attitude that will determine your altitude </li></ul><ul><li>You do not need to be rich but to be financially prudent </li></ul>
    19. 19. Cont: PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>There will never be enough money </li></ul><ul><li>But need money to work for you </li></ul><ul><li>One consultant on financial matters by the name Sserufusa Mukasa (Mr.) discussed this topic to a forum like this one and said that There are twelve (12) key requirements for success </li></ul>
    20. 20. Twelve(12) requirements for success <ul><li>Develop a winning attitude – save big </li></ul><ul><li>Set time bound concrete goals – imagine a foot ball pitch without goal post, - short term plans, - eliminate waste </li></ul><ul><li>Personal responsibility for finances with professional advice </li></ul><ul><li>Pay yourselves – draw up budgets, - plan to save (consider it as an expense) </li></ul>
    21. 21. Cont:Twelve(12) requirements for success <ul><li>It is not how much you earn that matters but what you retain in a given period . Have a good stopper on your financial drain </li></ul><ul><li>5. Find money to invest </li></ul><ul><li>- write down neatly items you spend on for a full pay cheque </li></ul><ul><li>- neatly cross out those items which, when you leave them out, don’t die or you continue to survive without them </li></ul>
    22. 22. Cont:Twelve(12) requirements for success <ul><li>Consider some of your resources for future investment </li></ul><ul><li>Stop the leaks in your finances </li></ul><ul><li>Generate new income streams </li></ul><ul><li>Improve skills to earn more </li></ul><ul><li>Realign your assets between selling and keeping them </li></ul><ul><li>Never to borrow in order to consume (i.e. leave within your means) </li></ul>
    23. 23. Cont:Twelve(12) requirements for success <ul><li>Learn to earn extra income but put a caveat on your health </li></ul><ul><li>Trim your budget to increase your savings, are you aware that every bread you “destroy” is equivalent to thirty five (35 ) burnt bricks? </li></ul><ul><li>Buying “sleep”, every ten years, you help a land lord to build another house </li></ul><ul><li>Live on a cash budget </li></ul>
    24. 24. Cont:Twelve(12) requirements for success <ul><li>6.Invest as an owner but seek professional advice </li></ul><ul><li>Saving a/c </li></ul><ul><li>Treasury bills and bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Shares/stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Buy land (use a lawyer or consult elders) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Take advantage of high compound interest </li></ul>
    25. 25. Cont:Twelve(12) requirements for success <ul><li>8. Say no to consumer credit </li></ul><ul><li>- assets – put more money in your pocket </li></ul><ul><li>and liabilities takes it out of your pocket </li></ul><ul><li>9.Problems verses Emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>- no emergencies you can not plan for </li></ul><ul><li>10. Buy only basic insurances </li></ul>
    26. 26. Cont:Twelve(12) requirements for success <ul><li>11. Get money (it) slowly </li></ul><ul><li>12. Limit the prices of financial access. - payment for finances (capital) is interest </li></ul><ul><li>- power of finances is “working together” </li></ul>
    27. 27. Other Quotations that prompt us to develop <ul><li>“ The rich man used the same resources as you have to set up the empire he has” Dickens Nsubuga </li></ul><ul><li>“ The only person who is educated is the one who has learnt how to learn and change” Care Rogers </li></ul><ul><li>“ A person with hope is better than that who despairs” Lawrence Ssenkubuge </li></ul>
    28. 28. Cont: Motivation <ul><li>END </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>