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Germany presentation

  1. 1. Student organizations and the university system in GermanyA presentation by Anja Siebert, Anja Lange, and Valerio Trabandt
  2. 2.  Anja Siebert: DAAD lecturer at the KPI Anja Lange: Exchange student at the KNU Valerio Trabandt: Robert Bosch Foundation lecturer at the Mohyla Academy
  3. 3. 1. The German higher education system: An overview2. Institutions and systems of student participation – the examples of Leipzig and Hanover3. Practical examples for concrete situations: How to participate?4. Report by a German Student
  4. 4.  Higher education institutions: ◦ Universities (Universitäten) ◦ Universities of applied sciences (Fachhochschulen) ◦ Universitities of music or arts (Kunst- und Musikhochschulen) ◦ Private universities, army universities, one long- distance-learning university ◦ Tasks: Research + teaching (Humboldt model)
  5. 5.  Degrees: ◦ Bachelor (3 years) and Master (2 years), non- consecutive, after 12-13 years of school ◦ Staatsexamen (State exam – at least 5 years, depending on the field of studies) ◦ Before adapting to the Bologna accords: „Magister“ and „Diplom“ (around 5 years) ◦ „Promotion“ (Ph.D.) ◦ „Habilitation“ (professorship)
  6. 6.  The first german-speaking university to be founded was in Prague in 1348, in today‘s Germany in Heidelberg in 1386 New wave of foundations in Germany in the 1960s and 70s Student movements of the 60s and 70s also gain momentum and achieve more participation in the decision-making process, autonomy of student associations and own resources (also: extra-parliamentary opposition)
  7. 7.  Bologna accords Initiatition of study fees of up to 500€ (additional to already existing study contributions of up to 300€) Elite universities and excellence clusters Junior professorships and curricula of researchers and teachers Private universities further education
  8. 8.  Bologna accords demand strict reforming efforts in the higher education sector Education is only in a very broad way managed by the federal state: The German “Länder“ take most responsibilities for their respective universities. Thus the university system varies strongly between the regions Theoretically, each university is free and autonomous in what it teaches and researches. However, political influence especially on basic questions exists There is nevertheless a council of universities, the “Hochschulrektorenkonferenz” (HRK), to represent the higher education institutions
  9. 9.  Historical overview Example I Studentenrat University of Leipzig Example II Leibniz University Hanover
  10. 10.  19th century Urburschenschaft (first German student fraternity): verbalises the idea of an integrative organisation for students without any aims concerning the higher educational system idea was linked to political issues: national unity other students reform movements combined the national idea with new aims like reform of higher education, participation, self-help in social issues
  11. 11.  AStA: Tübingen (1821), Heidelberg (1885), conflicts between different student movements and organisations 20th century July 1919 “Deutsche Studentenschaft” (DSt) (German Student Union), merger of general student committees of all German universities, democratic representation of interests from 1931 onward DSt is dominated by National Socialist German Student’s League, merged in 1936
  12. 12.  after 1945 prohibition of DSt and National Socialist German Student’s League reorganisation of student’s unions urgent problems: accommodation, clothes 1949 Verband Deutscher Studentenschaften, Marburg, political neutrality dissolution of student councils in GDR in the course of socialistic rebuilding of the higher education system, replaced by organs of the FDJ (Free German Youth) important role of students movement in the late 60ies, VdS supports the extra-parliamentary opposition
  13. 13.  today most of the „old“ German Länder: Studentenparlament (legislative organ of the constituted student‘s union ) and AStA (acting executive board) most of the „new“ German Länder: Studentenrat (executive and legislative functions) Freier Zusammenschluss von StudentInnenschaften (fzs), merger of student‘s unions in Germany above party- lines, since 1993
  14. 14. Studentenrat = student councilAusschüsse = commissionsReferate = departmentsReferenten und Sprecher =speakerArbeitsausschüsse = workingcommissionsArbeitsgruppen = workinggroupsFachschaftsrat = studentorganisation in facultiesStudierende der UniversitätLeipzig = students
  15. 15.  Studentenrat (student council) Fachschaftsräte (student‘s organisation in faculties) Senat (central university council), 4 of the members are students, delegated by the student council
  16. 16.  Studierende = students VV = assembly of all students Fachschaftsräte = Faculty/ Institute student council Studentischer Rat = student council AStA = General student committee
  17. 17.  ASta – the student government StuRa – the student parliament Fachschaften – the student‘s organizations in the faculties/ institutes Senat – Central university council with 13 members, of which 2 are elected students ◦ Résumé: Students have their own autonomous institutions, but not much say in general affairs
  18. 18.  Who can a foreign student address? Where can a young mother get assistance? Which institutions are important for the motivated student who wants to make a difference? Who to contact if you want to realize projects or events and are looking for support?
  19. 19.  The Leipzig Student Council‘s Departments Higher education policy, Political education, Communication and Student’s life (as of 2011)
  20. 20.  Departments of the student council form working groups, every student can attend Required: interest in the needs of disabled persons Meetings: every second week, appr. 10 students Fields of work and successes: ◦ support students with depressions to improve the conductions of examination ◦ discuss the accessibility of events and the precautions to ensure that disabled people can attend them, > result: brochure about the accessibility of events at the University of Leipzig, Campus Fest ◦ improve the accessibility of university buildings, contact architects and local authorities > example: university assembly hall Paulinum
  21. 21.  Questions? Remarks? Corrections? Comparison with the Ukrainian system?
  22. 22. http://www.stura.uni-leipzig.de Pasternack: Die StuRa-StoRy. Studentische Interessenvertretung in Ostdeutschland seit 1989,in: Peer Pasternack/Thomas Neie (Hg.), stud. ost 1989-1999. Wandel von Lebenswelt undEngagement der Studierenden in Ostdeutschland, Akademische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2000, S.28-53http://www.wikipedia.de