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International Atomic Energy Agency. “Health and environmental impacts of electricity generation systems: procedures for comparative assessment”, IAEA Technical Report Series, No.394. 1999
Leiby, P.N., D.W. Jones, T.R. Curlee and R. Lee, Oil Imports: An Assessment of Benefits and Costs. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 1997
National Research Council, Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Production and Use, Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption; National Research Council, the National Academies Press, Washington D.C., 2010
Matsuki Y., Bidyuk P.I., Kalnytskyi G.V. Energy Security Cost as an Externality – Tolerability of Economy of Ukraine against Increasing Gas Import Price, presented at the Conference “SAIT2011”, Kiev, 22-28 May, 2011
International Atomic Energy Agency, Technical Report Series No. 394, Health and Environmental Impacts of Electricity Generation Systems: Procedures for Comparative Assessment, pp 173-179, Appendix II Energy Security
Reduction of the gas demand/consumption keeps the GDP still growing.
Reduced imported gas volume should have been supported/replaced by the other actions such as using alternative energy source, introducing the energy saving technology, or switching to the other industrial activities to keep the GDP growing.
The reduced total money over time divided by the total amount of gas reduced should be spent for keeping the GDP growth upward.
And, it is the externality that is not accounted in the price of the gas price in the retail market inside the Ukraine, i.e., the externality for adjusting the domestic macro-economy or the GDP growth.
The premium price of natural gas import (US dollars/1000 m 3 ) at the gas import price of 264 US dollars/1000m 3