Smells of the New World


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5th Grade ORMS Explorer's Unit on the Smell's of the New World and the Spice Trade

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Smells of the New World

  1. 1. Smells of the New World!<br />A Short History of Spice Trading<br />
  2. 2. Spices and Herbs have played a huge role our in history<br />-Now a days you can buy spices from around the world everywhere-EVEN WAL-MART!<br />-In early history they were RARE and PRECIOUS products; spices could be used for medicines, perfumes, and even flavorings!<br />
  3. 3. 3000 BC to 200 BC<br />Arabs Trade Spices and herbs among early civilzations<br />
  4. 4. 200BC1200AD<br /><ul><li>For 1000 years, the Romans control the Trade! Big Surprise, they kind of controlled everything for a while-Duh!
  5. 5. Romans would sail from Rome to Egypt to India—it took 2 years!!!
  6. 6. Spices that Romans sought included Nutmeg, Cinammon, Pepper, Cloves, and Ginger
  7. 7. Spices were only available to the upper class
  8. 8. In 410, Rome is ransomed to Goths for gold and 30,000 lbs. of peppercorn-Achoo!
  9. 9. Spice use and trading in Europe declined after the fall of the Roman Empire</li></li></ul><li>12001500<br />Europeans explore passages to the East Indies<br />Demand for spices raises as culture develops<br />World’s most valuable spices come from India, China, and Indonesian islands<br />Europeans traded with these countries but sent out explorers to look for different routes and spices<br />The Silk Road<br />
  10. 10. 13th Century:Marco Polo<br />Portugese and Spanish say the Italians are too pricy so they decide to send out their own explorers<br />-Explores Europe and establishes Venice most important trade port till about 1498<br />
  11. 11. 1497: Vasco De Gamma<br />Returned with Pepper, Cinnamon, Ginger, Jewels, and deals with Indian Princes and the Portuguese<br />That’s right, <br />I’m Awesome!<br />Sail’s around Africa’s Cape of Good Hope to Calcutta, India<br />
  12. 12. 1492: Christopher Columbus <br />Lands in the Americas while looking for the “Spice Islands”<br />Doesn’t find them, but does bring back Allspice, Vanilla, and Red Peppers to his Spanish Fans<br />My Fans in Spain Love me, but didn’t hook me up with a holiday!<br />
  13. 13. The 15th to the 17th Centuries<br />Wars for the Control of the Spices Breakout<br />Spain, Portugal, England, and Holland fight for Control<br />
  14. 14. 1519: Ferdinand Magellan<br />Spain sends him west around the world<br />Died in the Philippines, and lost 4 of 5 ships<br />But ship #5 makes it back with tons of pepper and other spices-trip is deemed a financial success!<br />I tell you,<br /> the world is as round as my belly after eating a dozen donuts!<br />
  15. 15. 16th Century: The Dutch Take Over<br />Key Years where the Dutch Kicked some Tooshie!<br />1641-They Conquer Malacca<br />1658-They take control of the cinnamon trade in Ceylon Think about all the Atomic Fireballs they could make!<br />1663-They establish exclusive rights to trade pepper with India Spicy!<br />By end of the 17th century, the dutch are the controllers of Asian Spices<br />
  16. 16. The End of the 17th Century: France vs. Holland<br />Prices fall for the Dutch so they resort to sneaky tactics:<br />-Burn down some cinnamon and clove trees; soak nutmeg in “milk of lime” so new seeds won’t grow<br />-French become powerhouse and steal a bunch of stuff from the Dutch and plant it themselves; cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg<br />
  17. 17. I think I’m going to go down under!<br />16th to 18th Century<br />English Exploration Begins<br />1600-Elizabeth I chartered British East India Company and takes over Mr. Sadana’s motherland!<br />1780-England vs. Holland- English take over all spice trading centers by 1799!<br />
  18. 18. 17th to 20th Century: Viva Americana!<br />Americans enter the Spice Race in 1672<br />