Smells of the New World!<br />A Short History of Spice Trading<br />
Spices and Herbs have played a huge role our in history<br />-Now a days you can buy spices from around the world everywhere-EVEN WAL-MART!<br />-In early history they were RARE and PRECIOUS products; spices could be used for medicines, perfumes, and even flavorings!<br />
3000 BC to 200 BC<br />Arabs Trade Spices and herbs among early civilzations<br />
200BC1200AD<br /><ul><li>For 1000 years, the Romans control the Trade! Big Surprise, they kind of controlled everything for a while-Duh!
Romans would sail from Rome to Egypt to India—it took 2 years!!!
Spices that Romans sought included Nutmeg, Cinammon, Pepper, Cloves, and Ginger
In 410, Rome is ransomed to Goths for gold and 30,000 lbs. of peppercorn-Achoo!
Spice use and trading in Europe declined after the fall of the Roman Empire</li></li></ul><li>12001500<br />Europeans explore passages to the East Indies<br />Demand for spices raises as culture develops<br />World’s most valuable spices come from India, China, and Indonesian islands<br />Europeans traded with these countries but sent out explorers to look for different routes and spices<br />The Silk Road<br />
13th Century:Marco Polo<br />Portugese and Spanish say the Italians are too pricy so they decide to send out their own explorers<br />-Explores Europe and establishes Venice most important trade port till about 1498<br />
1497: Vasco De Gamma<br />Returned with Pepper, Cinnamon, Ginger, Jewels, and deals with Indian Princes and the Portuguese<br />That’s right, <br />I’m Awesome!<br />Sail’s around Africa’s Cape of Good Hope to Calcutta, India<br />
1492: Christopher Columbus <br />Lands in the Americas while looking for the “Spice Islands”<br />Doesn’t find them, but does bring back Allspice, Vanilla, and Red Peppers to his Spanish Fans<br />My Fans in Spain Love me, but didn’t hook me up with a holiday!<br />
The 15th to the 17th Centuries<br />Wars for the Control of the Spices Breakout<br />Spain, Portugal, England, and Holland fight for Control<br />
1519: Ferdinand Magellan<br />Spain sends him west around the world<br />Died in the Philippines, and lost 4 of 5 ships<br />But ship #5 makes it back with tons of pepper and other spices-trip is deemed a financial success!<br />I tell you,<br /> the world is as round as my belly after eating a dozen donuts!<br />
16th Century: The Dutch Take Over<br />Key Years where the Dutch Kicked some Tooshie!<br />1641-They Conquer Malacca<br />1658-They take control of the cinnamon trade in Ceylon Think about all the Atomic Fireballs they could make!<br />1663-They establish exclusive rights to trade pepper with India Spicy!<br />By end of the 17th century, the dutch are the controllers of Asian Spices<br />
The End of the 17th Century: France vs. Holland<br />Prices fall for the Dutch so they resort to sneaky tactics:<br />-Burn down some cinnamon and clove trees; soak nutmeg in “milk of lime” so new seeds won’t grow<br />-French become powerhouse and steal a bunch of stuff from the Dutch and plant it themselves; cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg<br />
I think I’m going to go down under!<br />16th to 18th Century<br />English Exploration Begins<br />1600-Elizabeth I chartered British East India Company and takes over Mr. Sadana’s motherland!<br />1780-England vs. Holland- English take over all spice trading centers by 1799!<br />
17th to 20th Century: Viva Americana!<br />Americans enter the Spice Race in 1672<br />