In the name of Allah,The Most Beneficient & The Most Merciful
ORAL HYGIENEPresented BY:Syeda Rida Zehra AbidiBDS (DIKIOHS)
MEANING OF ORAL HYGIENEOral hygiene means the cleanliness of the mouth.Oral hygiene include the measures to prevent thespread of disease from the mouth and increase thecomfort of the patient.
OBJECTIVES To keep the mouth and teeth in good condition To prevent the mucous membrane from becoming dry and cracked To prevent sores which resulting in ulceration To prevent bacteria in the mouth from causing local and general infection
Brushing thoroughly twice a day & flossing daily. Eating a balanced diet & limiting snacks between meals. Using dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste. Rinsing with a fluoride mouth rinse if your dentist tells you to.
Proper brushing technique Tilt the brush at a 45 degree angle against the gum line & sweep or role the brush away from the gum line.
Gently brush the outside, inside & chewing surface of each tooth using short back & forth strokes.
Gently brush your tongue to remove bacteria & freshen breath.
How often should I replace my tooth brush? You should replace your tooth brush when it begins to show wear. It is also very important to change tooth brushes after you’ve had a cold, since the bristles can collect germs that can lead to reinfection.
Floss Dental floss is a thread of different material used to remove food & dental plaque from teeth. The floss is gently inserted between the teeth & scrapped along the teeth sides, especially close to the gums. Flossing in combination with tooth brushing can prevent Gum Disease, Halitosis & Dental Caries.
Flossing Technique: Use about 18” floss, leaving an inch or two to work with. Gently follow the curves of your teeth.
Be sure to clean beneath the gum line, but avoid snapping the floss on the gums.
Plaque: Dental plaque is a biofilm, usually a pale yellow, that develops naturally on the teeth. Like any biofilm, dental plaque is formed by colonizing bacteria trying to attach themselves to a smooth surfaces ( of a tooth).
Dental Caries: Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or a cavity, is an infection, usually bacterial in origin, that causes demineralization of hard tissue (enamel, dentin and cementum). Tooth decay disease is caused by specific types of bacteria that produce acid in the presence of fermentable carbohydrates such as sucrose, fructose and glucose.
HalitosisHalitosis or bad breath occurs when noticeably unpleasant odors are exhaled in breathing.
SOLUTION USED FOR MOUTHCARE Potassium permanganate: 1:5000(KMNO4) (1 crystal to glass of water) Sodium chloride- 1 teaspoon to a pint of water(normal saline) Potassium chloride – 4-6% Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) 1:8
DENTRIFICES USED Glycerin with lime juice equal part Sodium bicarbonate paste Reliable toothpaste or powder Neem stickNOTE: Hydrogen peroxide removes decaying food particles b/w teeth by its bubbling action and reduce bacterial activity from the cavities of tooth
From Islamic perspective Imam Ali A.S said: “It was the practice of Holy Prophet (PBUH) to rinse his mouth, throat & nose with water.”• Imam Al-Sadiq A.S: “ Brushing the teeth is a tradition of the prophet”.
Make the Connection A healthy mouth means a healthy body Eating a balanced diet with a variety of foods will improve oral health and general health Reducing the frequency of sugary foods and beverages will reduce tooth decay and help maintain a healthy weight
Conclusion: Strengthen the tooth enamel with appropriate fluorides Protect the chewing surfaces of teeth with dental sealants Brush & floss daily to remove bacteria Limit servings of sticky CHO foods and sweet beverages / increase complex CHO
References: Free merriam-webster dictionary. Leeds University , Introduction to dental plaque. Managing the complexity of a dynamic biofilm (journal of the American Dental Association). What does floss do? (journal of the American Dental Association). http://www.personaldentaloffice.com/dental-health/oral-hygiene.html http://www.colgate.co.uk/app/Colgate/UK/OralCare/OralHealthCenter/OralHygieneBasics/GoodOralHygiene.cvsp?Art icle=WhatisGoodOralHygiene%3f http://www.al-islam.org/philosophyofislam/15.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_caries