Participation in Government Why Study Government? What is the purpose of Government?
Participation in Government Why Study American Politics? Is burning the American flag an act of free speech? Should the government be allowed to seize private property? Are the principles of the Constitution still relevant today?
Participation in Government Government – institution through which a society creates and enforces its public policies.
Participation in Government Public Policy – things government decides to do
Forms of Government: Democracy – Power and policies are created by a majority of the people. Dictatorship – Power and policies are created by a single person or small group Aristocracy – a few, elite citizens create public policy
The StateState – body of people, living in a defined area, with government and the power to create public policy.
Palestine:A nation withouta stateNation does notinclude physicalboundariesOneida Nation?
NationNation – community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnicity, descent, and/or history
Nation-StateNation-State – The state is a political and geopolitical entity; thenation is a cultural and/or ethnic entity. The term "nation state"implies that the two geographically coincide
Origins of the StateForce Theory - Person or small group claimed control over an area and forced all within to submit to the rule of the group or individual.
Origins of the StateThe Evolutionary Theory - government is a extension of the family “head of house” structure Network of families Clans Tribes
Origins of the StateThe Divine Right Theory – God created the state, grant power to those of “Royal Birth” (Divine Right)
Origins of the StateSocial Contract TheoryEnlightenment ThinkersState of NaturePeople give up freedomfor protectionState created and limitedby the people
The Purpose of Government: http://ihcgoveco.wordpress.com