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Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan
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Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan

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  • 1. Use Rights in Taiwan <ul><li>Feng- Chun Ting </li></ul><ul><li>20/Mar 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>CIFM </li></ul>
  • 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing right system in Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  • 3. Introduction to the Marine Geology and History of Taiwan <ul><li>1.Taiwan under Japanese rule </li></ul><ul><li>2.Kuroshio </li></ul><ul><li>3.Altitude and latitude </li></ul>
  • 4. Traditional fishing boat <ul><li>Source:national culture database </li></ul>
  • 5. Kuroshio current <ul><li>From Philippines to Japan through Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Source:Wikipedia </li></ul>
  • 6. Terrain <ul><li>West : Shallow / East : Deep </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Google Earth </li></ul>
  • 7. Stone Tidal Weir <ul><li>Stationary fishing gear (Station Fishery Use Right) Source:Easy Travel Net </li></ul>
  • 8. Oyster Culture <ul><li>Regional Fishery use right </li></ul><ul><li>Source:DCView </li></ul>
  • 9. Fixed fishing net <ul><li>Stationary fishing gear </li></ul><ul><li>(Station Fishery Use Right) </li></ul><ul><li>Source:Travel Web </li></ul>
  • 10. Long lining <ul><li>Special fishery use right: resources are not exclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Source:blog.rood.com </li></ul>
  • 11. Agar Weed and Abalone
  • 12. Agar Weed and Abalone <ul><li>Monopolized fishery use right </li></ul><ul><li>Agar Weed can be made to jelly </li></ul><ul><li>Abalone was cultured coast platform cave. </li></ul>
  • 13. Fishermen population in Taiwan in 2007
  • 14. Fishing right system in Taiwan <ul><li>Special </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources are shared by other fishermen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided fishing grounds are re-allocated to fishermen by associations or communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monopolized </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources are exclusive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stationary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing gears are passive and static </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Quasi-Property <ul><li>Similar to ownership may accrue to a party who does an act which benefits society as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>“Quasi” = “almost&quot; or &quot;resembling&quot; </li></ul>
  • 16. The explanation to quasi-property <ul><li>Transferable </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Time-Limit: 3-15 years </li></ul><ul><li>Claims on real assets </li></ul>
  • 17. How to own fishery use right? <ul><li>Apply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to the priority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Priority: Local fishermen > Association > Company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directly from parents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Re-apply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licenses expire every 15 years </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. Fishermen’s associations <ul><li>Exclusive fishery right management authority is held by: </li></ul><ul><li>1. fishermen’s association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.Gong-Liao County Fishermen’s association </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. fishery product community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.Sea weed collection and process community </li></ul></ul>
  • 19. Case Study <ul><li>How would you do if you were a judge when people have conflicts on different use rights? </li></ul>1.High Sea 2.Use Right Conflict 3.National park 4.Net Cage
  • 20. High sea <ul><li>No property </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy of commons </li></ul><ul><li>Coase Theorem (1991 Economic Nobel Prize) </li></ul><ul><li>Use in peace </li></ul>
  • 21. High seas in bright blue <ul><li>Source: Wikipedia </li></ul>
  • 22. Bigeye tuna <ul><li>Living in Indian and Atlantic ocean high sea </li></ul><ul><li>Source:mesotw.com </li></ul>
  • 23. Fishing on sea weed island <ul><li>Monopolized right </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict! </li></ul>
  • 24. National Park <ul><li>JetSki </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul>
  • 25. National Park Law <ul><li>General restricted region </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment region </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved historical ruins region </li></ul><ul><li>Special landscape region </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved ecological region </li></ul>
  • 26. Net Cage <ul><li>Provide recreational fishing tour </li></ul><ul><li>Not very much carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing fishes from cage, not wild </li></ul>
  • 27. Assessment:is use right in Taiwan effective? <ul><li>Fishermen’s associations control too much power and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Fishermen’s associations charge a lot amount of management fee. </li></ul><ul><li>Far sea fishery is under international pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Licenses time limit maybe too long. It will add difficulty to fishery policy planning. </li></ul>
  • 28. <ul><li>Should adopt ITQ system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Far sea tuna fishery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Should evaluate fisherman’s association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From community to market-oriented management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Law education to public </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many people don’t know how to resolve use rights conflict. </li></ul></ul>Conclusion / Recommendation
  • 29. References <ul><li>葉進雄 , 我國漁業權管理法制之研究 , 國立臺灣海洋大學海洋法律研究所 , 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan National Park Law No.12 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan International Law </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Fishery Law No.24 / 41 /42 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Civil Code Law No.767 </li></ul>
  • 30. Thank you for your attention!

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