Tamizhl Aruvi 2008

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this tamil aruvi was published in 2008 by wonders batch of agricultural college and research institute killikulam.

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Tamizhl Aruvi 2008

  1. 1. ahJk; CNu! ahtUk; Nfspu;!!! jkpo; ,yf;fpa kd;wk; Ntshz;ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epiyak; fps;spFsk; - 628 252. 2008
  2. 2. nghUslf;fk; mzpe;Jiu tho;j;Jiu Kd;Diu ftpr;rhuy; JZf;Ffs; Xtpaq;fs; ed;wpAiu
  3. 3. mzpe;Jiu mUtpfSf;F ngah;Nghd ,e;j ney;iyr; rPikapy; ty;yehL kiyapy; cUthf gy;NtW tbtk; ngw;W fps;spFsj;jpy; cs;sth;fspd; jkpo;j;jhfj;ijj; jPh;f;f; Njq;fpAs;sJ ,e;j Kj;jkpo; tpoh kyh; “jkpoUtp’. ekJ fy;Y}hp; jkpo; ,yf;fpa kd;wj;jpd; rhh;gpy; kyUk; ,e;j Kj;jkpo; tpoh kyhpd; Nehf;fNk khzth;fspd; jpwid ntspf;nfhzh;e;J mjid etPd fhy NjitfSf;F Vw;g jftikj;Jj; jUtNj. ,e;j kyhpy; khzth;fspd; rpe;jidapy; cUthd ftpr;rhuy;fs;> Xtpaq;fs;> JZf;Ffs; Mfpad ,lk;ngw;Ws;sd. fhyj;jpd; tsh;r;rp fUjp ,e;j kyh; “jkpoUtp” kpd;E}yhf FWe;jfl;by; ntspaplg;gLtJ tuNtw;fj;jf;fJ. ,e;j Kj;jkpo; tpoh kyh; ‘jkpoUtp’ ,dp tUk; fhyq;fspYk; ed;whf tsu Ntz;Lk;> kyu Ntz;Lk; vd xU kwj;jkpodha; tho;j;JfpNwd;. Kidth; G. tpNtfhde;jd; Kjy;th;> Ntshz;ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epiyak;> fps;spFsk; - 628 252.
  4. 4. tho;j;Jiu jkpo;f; ftpijia etPd fhyj; NjitfSf;Fk;> czh;TfSf;Fk; Vw;g jftikj;J je;j E}y;fs; gy> khzth;fspd; gilg;Gj;jpwid tsh;g;gij Vf Fwpf;Nfhshf nfhz;L kyh;e;J tsh;e;J tUk; ,e;j Kj;jkpo;tpoh kyh; - ‘jkpoUtp”apd; tsh;r;rp ghuhl;Lf;F chpaJ. ,e;j Kj;jkpo; tpoh kyh; - jkpoUtp tUlk;; xUKiw kyu Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nehf;fj;jpy; ntspaplg;gLfpwJ. ek; fy;Y}hpapy; ,yf;fpa kd;wj;jpd; Kjy; Kaw;rp vd;gjdhy; khzth; kd;w MNyhrfh; vd;fpw Kiwapy; epj;jk; epj;jk; ehk; tPl;oy; Foha; mUtpapy; Fspj;jhYk; tUlj;jpw;F xU Kiw jkpoUtpapy; KOtJk; eide;J Fspg;Nghk; nkhop Rfk; fhz;Nghk;. ekJ fy;Y}hpapd; jkpo; ,yf;fpa kd;wj;jpd; ,e;j Kaw;rpia ,dp tUq;fhyq;fspYk; njhlu Ntz;Lk; vd Nfl;Lf;nfhs;fpNwd;. khzth; kd;w MNyhrfh; vd;w Kiwapy; ,e;j kyh; nkd; NkYk; kyu tsu tho;j;JfpNwd;. ; Kidth; R. NrhkRe;juk;> khzth; kd;w MNyhrfh;> Ntshz;ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epWtdk;> fps;spFsk; - 628 252.
  5. 5. tho;j;Jiu gr;irg; gRe;jkpo; ehl;by; -jkpo; gha;e;jpl tho;tJ tho;T %jwpTs;sJ tho;T – eWk; Kj;jkpo; fw;gJ tho;T. vd Kj;jkpopd; rpwg;gpid Kof;fpath; ghNte;jh; ghujpjhrd;. ,ay;> ,ir> ehlfk; vd %d;W jkpOk; ,ize;j Kj;jkpo; tpoh kyuhf ,k;kyh; ntsp te;jpUg;gJ kfpo;r;rpf;FhpaJ. kyhpy; ,lk; ngw;Ws;ss ftpij> fl;Liu> JZf;Ffs; Nghd;wit khzth;fspd; vz;zr; rpjwy;fis ntspg;gLj;JtNjhL rKjhar; rpe;jidfisj; J}z;LtdthfTk; mike;Js;sd. ‘mikjpahd Mo;flypy;jhd; mw;Gjkhd Kj;Jf;fs; Mo;e;J fplf;fpd;wd” vd;gJ cz;ik. khzth;fspilNa kiwe;J fple;j mw;Gjkhd Kj;Jf;fNs Kj;jkpo;tpoh kyh; gilg;Gf;fshf cUg;ngw;Ws;sd vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy.
  6. 6. kyhpy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;s gilg;Gf;fs; midj;Jk; ghkuUk; gbj;Jr; Ritf;ff;$ba vspa eilapy; ,dpa Xirapy; mike;Js;sd. nrhw;nrwpTk; nghUl;nrwpTk; epiwe;J fhzg;gLfpd;wd. vOjpf; Ftpg;Nghk; ,d;dhspy; Vw;wk; ngWNthk; gpd;dhspy; vd khzth;fs; vOjpf; Ftpj;j gilg;Gf;fs; kyUf;F nkU$l;Lfpd;wd. gilg;Gf;fs; midj;Jk; Ritj;J ,d;Gwj;jf;fit. mtw;iwg; ghh;f;Fk;NghJ khzth;fsJ MwhtJ tpuyhw;wy; Gyg;gLfpwJ. ,j;jifa rpwg;G tha;e;j kyh; njhlh;e;J ntsptuTk; khzth;fspd; gilg;Gj;jpwd; nkd;NkYk; tsuTk; tho;j;Jf;fs;. Kidth; kh. kPdhl;rpRe;juk;> ,izg;Nguhrphpah; (jkpo;) jkpo; ,yf;fpa kd;w MNyhrfh;> Ntshz;ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rpepiyak; fps;spFsk; - 628 252
  7. 7. Kd;Diu ekJ fy;Y}hpapd; jkpo; ,yf;fpa kd;wj;jpd; Kaw;rpapy; cUthd ,e;j ‘jkpoUtp” – Kj;jkpo; tpoh kyhpidj; njhFj;J jkpod;idf;F mspg;gjpy; ngUkpjk; nfhs;fpNwhk;. ,e;j kyhpd; Nehf;fk;> ftpij> Xtpak;> JZf;F Nghd;wtw;iwg; gilf;Fk; jpwd; nfhz;l khzth;fis Cf;Ftpj;J mth;fspd; jpwikfis ntspf;nfhzh;e;J fhl;LtNj. ‘khw;wk; xd;Nw khwh jj;Jtk;” vd;w fhyf;fzpjj;jpYk; epiyj;J epw;f ,e;j Kj;jkpo; tpoh kyh; jkpoUtpapid kpd;E}yhf FWe;jfl;by; gjpj;J ntspapLfpNwhk;. ,e;j kyh; nkd;NkYk; tsh;e;J kyu Ntz;Lk; vd tzq;fp> ,dptUk; fhyq;fspy; ,e;j Kaw;rp njhlu Ntz;Lk; vd tpiofpNwhk;. nr. fypa%h;j;jp nt. Jh;fhNjtp jkpo; ,yf;fpa kd;wr;nrayh;fs;
  8. 8. md;id jkpNo jiog;gha; md;id jkpNo eP Ml;rpnkhopfSs; xd;whdha; kNyrpahtpYk;> rpq;fg;g+hpYk; jkpo;Nrit thndhypf;fpwJ gphpl;ldpYk; rPdhtpYk; jkpoha;tpy; jiy rpwe;Js;sJ ,q;fpyhe;Jk; [g;ghDk; Mk; vk; jha;nkhop nrk;nkhopahfptpl;lJ may;ehl;by; jha;ehl;by; mjd; epiy vd;dNth? fd;dp jkpNo eP kJiuapy; ige;jkpoha; nfhq;F ehl;by; nfhQ;Rk; jkpoha; rpwe;jpUf;f nrd;id nre;jkpNo eP kl;Lk; Vd; nghyptpoe;J NghdhNah? mwpiz caph; $l ‘mk;kh’ vd miof;f jkpodpd; Fyf;nfhOe;J ‘kk;kp’ vd tpspg;gJ jFNkh? vq;fs; ehf;F Mq;fpyk; NgRfpwJ `pe;jpAk; gpuQ;Rk; tpUk;gp fw;fpwJ. jkpo; Ngr VNdh jLkhWfpwJ MdhYk; ftiyapy;iy jkpo; ,dp rhfhJ me;epah; mijf; fhj;jpLth; jha;nkhopapy; Ngr juk; Fiwtha; vz;Zk; kf;fs; cs;stiu vd; md;id jkpNo eP juzpnaq;Fk; jiog;gJ vg;NghJ? nt. Jh;;fhNjtp ehd;fhkhz;L (mjpraq;fs;
  9. 9. ,yl;rpak; ,d;iwa ,isQNd* cdJ gazk; vij nehf;fp vd;W cdJ gpk;gj;ij eP Nfl;lJz;lh> #l;bf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. ,itnay;yhk; ,yl;rpaq;fsy;y eP Njh;e;njLf;Fk; Jiwfs; - mt;tsTjhd;. ,e;jj; Jiwapy; eP tho epidg;gJ cd; tpUg;gk;. ,e;jj; Jiwia eP tho itg;gJ cdJ ,yl;rpak;. eP <LgLk; Jiwapy; cd; ngah; nrhy;Yk; Kj;jpiu vd;d> Fiwe;j gl;rk; cdJ ,yl;rpak; vd;gJ mJjhd;. ek;kpy; gyh; xU ehw;fhyp fpilf;Fk; tiuf;Fk; jPiag; Nghy; RWRWg;ghf ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. fpilj;j gpwnfh me;j ehw;fhypiag; Nghy; tpiwj;Jg; Nghfpwhh;fs;. ek;Kila mfuhjpapy; - Mrphpad; vd;gtd; fw;gij epWj;jptpl;ltd;. murhq;f Copad; vd;gtd; xd;whk; Njjp kl;Lk; cwq;fhjtd;. kUj;Jtd; vd;gtd; Jk;kpf; nfhz;nl [yNjhj;Jf;F kUe;J nfhLg;gtd;. ,e;j epiy khw Ntz;lhkh? ek;kpy; gyUf;F cj;jpNahfe;jhd; ,yl;rpak; vd;gjdhy; tUfpd;w CWfs; ,it. gjtp cah;it nll; Mg; bgh;j; kl;Lnk jPh;khdpf;F
  10. 10. nkd;gjhdhy; ,isQh;fSf;nfy;yhk; $l Nrhfj;jhy; Nrhif gpoj;J tpLfpwJ. ,isQNd cdJ ,yl;rpaknkd;gJ ntWk; gjtp kl;Lky;y mjw;Fk; NkNy. ,e;jpaj; Jizf; fz;lj;jpypUf;Fk; Ntiy ,y;yhj ,isQh;fSf;nfy;yhk; ,yl;rpaj;njhL ,Ug;gJjhd; jPh;T vd;W ehd; jphpj;Jr; nrhy;ykhl;Nld;. mjw;Fj; jPh;T fhz;gNjhL ,yl;rpak; jPh;e;J tpLtjpy;iy vd;W nrhy;fpNwd;. vjphp vd;W xUtd; ,y;iynad;whYk; vjphpia Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs; vd;whh; khNr Jq;. ,Jtiuf;Fk; ,yl;rpak; vd;W xd;W ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; ,yl;rpaj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf; bfhs;. Mdhy; ,yl;rpak; vd;gJ vd; vjphpay;y ez;gNd. f. mwpTf;fuR thiffs; (2002-2006)
  11. 11. ngz;zpak; vOfNt ngz;ik tho;fntd;W $j;jpLNthklh ngz;ik nty;fntd;W $j;jpLNthklh ,e;j thrfj;ij vj;jid jkpo; Fbkfd;fshy; ,e;j Mdhjpf;f r%fj;jpy; cuj;J ngr KbAk;> fzf;F nrhy;Yq;fs; ghh;g;Nghk;* vd; khpahijf;Fhpa ngz;ghy; r%fq;fNs jaTnra;J thopg;gilAq;fs;. epyitg;Nghy; ,uty; ntspr;rj;jpy; ,Jtiu tho;e;jJ NghJk; fz;NaDk; #hpaidg; Nghy; Rakha; Rlh;tpl Kide;J th NjhopNa ctfk; nrhy;Yk; ,gNnghJ ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;Jk; Ke;E}W &gha; Ntiyia tpl;LtplhNj vd;W eP kjpkaq;fp tplhNj cyfj;jpd; xt;nthU khw;wj;ijAk; ,g;gbnahU $l;lk; vjph;j;J jhd; te;jpUf;fpwJ. ghtk; fg;gypy; Vwj; jpuhzpaw;wth;fs; ftpH;e;JNghd fl;LkuNk flTs; vd;gth;fs;. rpy jw;fhypf Rfq;fSf;fhf epue;ju yl;rpaq;fis xj;jp NghLtJ Vd; Njhop> ,iwr;rp Jz;LfSf;F cj;juthjk; cz;L vd;gjw;fhf rpWj;ijfis $z;Lf;Fs; FobapUf;Fk; rk;kjk; jUtJ kpfg;bghpa gpio. ,j;Jiz Mz;Lfhykha; ,Uf;Fk; ,e;j rpy tifaw;w kuGfis cilg;gJ fbdk; jhd;. ,d;W eP nfhq;rk; Njhz;bit. cd; re;jjp nfhq;rk; Njhz;ll;Lk;. ,sik cd; Njhs;fspy; ,Uf;Fk; Nghnj
  12. 12. vJ Ufk; vd;gij vlbtpL vOjpag;gbjhd; elf;Fk; vy;yhk; tpjptrk; vd;gij tpl;LtpL fw;gidfspy; fl;lg;gLk; Nfhl;ilfis tpl vjhh;j;j;jpd; FbirfNs ekf;F Njit. Xbf;nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jhy;jhd; mJ ejp cytpf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jhy;jhd; mJ fhw;W nray;gl;L nfhz;nl ,Ue;jhy;jhd; mJ ,sit cd;,wit nray;gll;Lk;. ,d;ndhU ngz;zpak; vOe;jplNt. gpwe;jJk; ghy;thb gpwF gs;spf;$lk; Kbe;jhy; fy;Y}hp gpd; fy;ahzk; ,Wjpapy; rikayiwf;F kl;LNk thf;fg;gl;L te;jtshy; ,d;Dk; ek; fpuhkg;Gwq;fspy; vj;jid vj;jid ngz;zpak; tpwF js;spf;nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. f. mwpTf;fuR thiffs; (2002-2006)
  13. 13. fhjy; nra;ayhk; fhjy; nra;ayhk; kzk; cs;s kyh;fis my;y ey;y kdpjh;fis fhjy; nra;ayhk; mofhf cs;s ngz;iz my;y mwpTj;jpwd; kpf;f Gj;jfq;fis fhjy; nra;ayhk; cyf mofpia my;y cdJ caph; ez;giu fhjy; nra;ayhk; flTs;fis gf;jpNahL my;y fy;tpia fw;Wf; nfhLg;gth;fis fhjy; nra;ayhk; mofhd Njtijia my;y cdf;fhf mauhJ ghLgLk; ngw;Nwhh;fis fhjy; nra;ayhk; fz;zofpia my;y fz;ghh;it mw;wth;fis fhjy; nra;ayhk; cz;ikaw;wth;fis my;y CdKw;wth;fis ,e;jpahtpd; fl;blj;J}z;fs; ehk; Nghypf; fhjy; vd;Dk; Gaypy; mope;J tpl Ntz;lhk; ehk; Kaw;rpiaf; fhjy; nra;Nthk;! gapw;rpiaf; fhjy; nra;Nthk;! ntw;wp ek;ikf; fhjy; nra;Ak;. K. jpt;ah Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  14. 14. ek;gpf;if KbahJ vd;W cyfk; cdJ KJfpy; Ntz;Lkhdhy; vOjl;Lk; cdJ kdjpy; vOj mDkjpf;fhNj. ep[k; epoy; epiyahdJ my;y ep[Nk epiyahdJ MfNt epoypy; rha;tijtpl ep[j;jpy; rha;tNj Nky; K. jpt;ah Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  15. 15. ngz; V kdpjNd ngz;iz ntWk; g+thf kl;Lk; ghh;f;fhNj – mjpy; cs;s eWkzj;ijg; ghh; ngz;iz ntWk; epytha; kl;Lk; ghh;f;fhNj – mjpy; cs;s xspiag; ghh; ngz;iz ntWk; rpiyahf kl;Lk; ghh;f;fhNJ – mtsplk; cs;s czh;r;rpiag; ghh; ngz;iz ntWk; mofhf kl;Lk; ghh;f;fhNj – mtsplk; cs;s mwpitg; ghh; ngz;iz ntWk; kidtpahf kl;Lk; ghh;f;fhNj – mtsplk; cs;s ghrj;ijg; ghh; ngz;iz ntWk; ngz;zhf kl;Lk; ghh;f;fhNj – mtis md;idahfg; ghh; - cd; tho;tpd; jPgr; Rlh; jhNd Rlh; tpl;L vhpAk; vz;zpg;ghh; xt;Nthh; Mz;Lk; cdJ gpwe;j jpdk; tUfpd;wJ Mdhy; rhjid thdpy; eP gwf;Fk; jpdk; tUfpd;wjh? vz;zpg;ghh; K. jpt;ah Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  16. 16. Rikjhq;fp jhNa vd;id fUtiwapy; Kjypy; Rke;jha; kz;zpNy fhy; itj;jNghJ khh;NghL Rke;jha; jtoj; njhlq;fpaNghJ NjhspNy Rke;jha; eil tz;b kwe;jNghJ Ms;fhl;b tpuy; gpbj;J Rke;jha; ehd; MshFk; tiu vd; Njitfis Rke;jha; kzkhd gpd;G vd; kidtpia Rke;jha; ehd; fy;yiw nry;Yk;NghJ vd; gphptpid Rkg;gha; ,g;gbf; fUtiw Kjy; fy;yiw tiu Rik jhq;f ehd; vg;gpwtpapy; Rik jhq;fpahtJ? epd; Rik jhq;FtJ? n[. uhN[; Fkhh; Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  17. 17. ntw;wp-Njhy;tp ntw;wpfs; vy;yhk; ntFkhdk; ,y;iy Njhy;tpfs; vy;yhk; mtkhdk; ,y;iy ntw;wpfs; gy Neuk; Nghij jUk; Njhy;tpfs; gyNeuk; ghij jUk; ntw;wpfs; rpy rkak; Ntfg;gLj;Jk; kdij ,uz;bw;Fk; rkepiyg;gLj;J typik fhj;jpUf;fpfwJ cd;id vjph;ghh;j;J n[. uhN[; Fkhh; Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  18. 18. ntw;wp epr;rak; kiyapype;J ejp cUthfpwJ vd;gjw;fhf kio tUj;jg;ggLtjpy;iy epyT Nja;e;JtpLk; vd;gjw;fhf thdk; tUj;jg;gLtjpy;iy coth;fs; epyj;ij cOtJ vd;gjw;fhf g+kpj;jha; tUj;jg;gLtjpy;iy NjdPf;fs; Njid cwpQ;rptpLk; vd;gjw;fhf g+f;fs; tUj;jg;gLtjpy;iy njd;wy; epd;W NghFk; vd;gjw;fhf kyh;fs; tUj;jg;gLtjpy;iy g+f;fs; cjph;e;J tpOk; vd;gjw;fhf kuq;fs; tUj;jg;gLtjpy;iy gpwF Vd; kdpjh eP kl;Lk; Njhy;tp fz;L Jtz;L Nghfpwha; nga;Ak; kiof;Nfw;g jhd; tpisAk; epyk; mNj Nghy; nra;Ak; Kaw;rpf;Nfw;g jhd; cd;Dila ntw;wp . g. mfpyh mjpraq;fs
  19. 19. ftpijapd; ftpij njhFg;G kdk; NgRk; nksd thh;j;ijfs; fz;fspypUe;Nj fhl;rpfs; Njhd;Wk; fw;gidapypUe;Nj ftpijfs; Njhd;Wk; Jauj;jpyUe;Nj fhtpak; Njhd;Wk; Njhy;tpapypUe;Nj Qhdq;fs; Njhd;Wk; #hpad; kiwe;jhy; tpsf;nfhd;W rphpf;Fk; Raeyk; kiwe;jhy; itaNk nropf;Fk; g+kpiaj; jpwe;jhy; GijaYk; ,Uf;Fk; G+f;fisj; jpwe;jhy; Njd;Jsp ,Uf;Fk; ejpfisj; jpwe;jhy; fodpfs; nropf;Fk; ehisiaj; jpwe;jhy; ek;gpf;if rpf;Fk;.
  20. 20. jd;Ds; cUthtJ jd;dk;gpf;if vd;gJ jd;Ds; tUtJ ek;gpf;if vd;gJ jd;id ek;gp tUtJ gzpT vd;gJ gz;gpy; tUtJ ,uf;fk; vd;gJ kdjpy; tUtJ tUj;jk; vd;gJ tho;f;ifapy; tUtJ Njhy;tp vd;gJ ntw;wpapy; tUtJ ftpaurp Nyhfehjd; fhf;fg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  21. 21. flNyhuf; ftpij jd; fhjiy fiuapy; njhiyj;Jtpl;L ftiyNahL Njbf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; miyfs; mOf;F Nghdgpd;Gk; miyapd; jhyhl;by; rpf;fpf;nfhz;L ntspNa tu kWf;Fk; fly; Fspay;. jhd; $l;b te;j jd; Foe;ijfisAk; kwe;J jd;idNa Foe;ijahf epidj;J jd; Foe;ijfSld; tpisahbf; nfhz;bUe;jha; jd;id Juj;jp te;j miyfs; ghjpapNyNa epd;Wtpl jhd; n[apj;J tpl;ljhf epidj;J kfpo;e;j rpWtd; jdf;F fhjyp ,y;yhtpl;lhYk; guthapy;iy jd;id fhjypf;f ,t;tsT nghpa gue;j cs;sk; ,Uf;fpwNj vd;W kfpOk; fly; fhjyh;fs; fly; Xirfisf; Nfl;f ghifs; Njitapy;iynad ep&gpj;j rpyNgh; gLf;f $l gQ;Rnkj;ij fpilf;ftpy;iy ,q;F elf;fNt fpilj;jpUf;fpwJ vd;W ele;J nfhz;Nl jphpe;j rpyh;. cly; Klf;Fk; tajpy; KWf;F tpw;Wf;nfhz;bUe;j ngz;
  22. 22. jd; ngaiu fy;ntl;Lfspy; jhd; nghwpf;f Kbatpy;iy flw;rq;FfspyhtJ nghwpf;fyhk; vd;W epidj;j rpyh; nghUisg; ghh;j;J fhR nfhLf;f Nahrpg;ghh;fs; vd;W fhir vOjpg; Nghl;Ltpl;L nghUis tpw;w filf;fhud;. Neuk; Nghf;fpa flypd; Nerk; kwthjpUf;f ed;wpAld; eha;f;Fl;b nghk;ikfis thq;fpr; nrd;w rpyh; ,tw;iwnay;yhk; urpj;j ehd; ,d;Dk; rpytw;iwAk; epidj;Njd; Kaw;rpfs; jtwpdhYk; Kaw;rpf;f jtwhNj vdf;$Wk; miyfs; ntw;wpapy; %o;fpf; fplf;fhNj mJ cd;id tpOq;fptpLk; vdf;$Wk; Kjyiy ehd; thrk; gug;g fhR Nfl;gjpy;iy ePq;fs; kl;Lk; jd; md;igg; gug;ghky; mikjpaha; ,Uf;fpwPh;fs; vdf; Nfl;Fk; njd;wy; cz;ikahd kfpo;r;rp jhd; kfpo;tjpy; ,y;iy gpwiu kfpo;tpg;gjpy;jhd; cs;sJ vdf; $Wk; flw;fiu. [Ptd; (cs;stiu) mjpraq;fs;
  23. 23. vq;Nf re;Njhk; miy fiuiaj; njhl;lhy; flYf;F re;Njhk; fhw;W Nkfj;ijj; njhl;lhy; kiof;F re;Njhk; #hpad; thdj;ijj; njhl;lhy; gfYf;F re;Njhk; re;jpud; tpz;izj; njhl;lhy; ,uTf;F re;Njhk; ,uT gfiyj; njhl;lhy; ehisf;F re;Njhk; kyh; nja;tj;ijj; njhl;lhy; g+irf;F re;Njhk; Kaw;rp ciog;igj; njhl;lhy; ntw;wpf;F re;Njhk; kdR neQ;irj; njhl;lhy; jhd; fhjYf;F re;Njhk; fhjy; vd;Nwd; njd;wy; vd;Nwd; Njdha; te;jhs; kyh; vd;Nwd; khiyaha; te;jhs; Nkfk; vd;Nwd; kioaha; te;jhs; Miy vd;Nwd; flyha; te;jhs; #hpad; vd;Nwd; gfyha; te;jhs; re;jpud; vd;Nwd; gfyha; te;jhs; tz;zk; vd;Nwd; thdtpy;yha; te;jhs; thh;j;ij vd;Nwd; ftpijaha; te;jhs; el;G vd;Nwd; cwtha; te;jhs; fhjy; vd;Nwd; ml Nghlh vd;whs;. Nf. mz;zhkiy mjpraq;fs;
  24. 24. ,d;iwa ,isQNd ,isQNd rhjpf;Fk; tajpy; rr;ruTfs; vjw;F ty;yik cz;Ldf;F td;Kiwfs; vjw;F mQ;rh neQ;rd;jhd; mQ;r itg;gNjd; tPud; Nfhioia ntd;why; mJ ntw;wpah khw;wpf;nfhs; cd; Kbit el;G vd;Dk; tpy;nyLj;J md;G vDk; mk;nga;J ghh; mJ nrhy;Yk; cd;Dila ehisa tuyhw;iw. vk;. fhh;j;jpfh Njtp mjpraq;fs;
  25. 25. fuq;fs; kwe;j kdpjk; fspw;Wg;gil njhluha;> fz;tpopj;Jf; fhtyuha;> ,uj;j neb tPRk; fe;jYld;> tpopapy; jPgnghwp gug;gp> ; Rfj;ij kwe;J kdjpy; fdd;W fdd;W kuj;Jg; Nghd kdpjj;Jld; Kbe;J Nghd czh;r;rpAld; neQ;rk; mf;dp gpuNtrkha; mfpyj;J ehLfspny;yyhk; rpg;gha; gilfs; rpiyaha; vy;ifapy; tpiwj;j tpwfha; epw;f. cd; gifah fhuzk; cd; MAjk; Jilf;f mLj;jtd; ifah mLg;nghpa Ntz;Lk;> Vdpe;j Nghuhl;lk; mtdpnay;yhk;> Ntw;Wil mzpe;j g+jtbtpy; GJg;GJ tbtpy; xt;nthU ehl;bYk; ,yq;if jkpodpd; ,w;Wtpl;l ,jaj;ij Jisj;j gpd;Dkh fuq;fs; ,d;Dk; fisg;gilatpy;iy fhh;fpy; tPud; tPl;L Xyk; Nfl;l gpd;Dkh nrtpfs; Nfhhpf;ifapLfpd;wd Aj;j rj;jj;jpw;F fhh;Fz;by; gy cly; Jz;L ghh;j;j gpd;Dkh rptg;G tz;zj;jpy; Rpy;ypLfpwJ cd; fz;fs; ,j;jid fz;l gpd;Dkh cdf;F ,Ujaj;jpy; rk;gl;b mbf;ftpy;iy? NghJklh kdpjh NghJk; iffs; MAjk; jhq;f
  26. 26. vd;W eP vz;zpajyh iffs; cd; nraw;iff; Nfhis ,af;fr; nra;a vd epidj;jjhNy fuq;fs; - mLj;jtd; jiythq;f vd;W eP rpe;jpj;jjhyh? Xd;iw kwe;Jtpl;lhNa mLj;jtNdhL if fYf;fp rkhjhdj;jpy; kdk; gug;gp kfpo;r;rpiag; ghpkhwTk; - cd; fuq;fs;jhd; Ntz;Lnkd;W kwe;J NghdhNa Nghh;f;nfhb cah;j;j jhNdh fuq;fs; nts;isf; nfhb cah;j;jTk; Ntz;lhNkh md;W njw;fpy; kl;Lk; Njitg;gl;lJ xU nts;isg;Gwh ,d;W juzpf;fhf my;yth Njit vz;zpylq;fh nts;sisg; Gwhf;fs; mjw;Fk; Njit cd; ,ize;j fuq;fs; fuq;fs; kl;Lky;y cd; ,ize;j kdq;fSk;jhd; epj;jpah Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  27. 27. jtk; jtkpUe;J <d;w gps;is ehd; vd; jha;f;F ehDk; jtkpUe;Njd; fUtiwapy; vd; jhapd; mofpa Kfk; ghh;f;f cd; epidtpy;jhd; ehd; vd; epiditNa fz;Nld; Njhw;wdh; khkpahh; kUkfs; ehk; NghLk; FWk;Gr; rz;ilahy; ,Ug;Ngd; jtk; tUlf; fzf;fpy; eP vdf;fhf kl;LNk nksd tpujk; ,jakpy;yhky; Nerpf;fpNwd; vd;dpjak; cd;dplj;jpy; fhw;W ,irf;f Nkfk; fiya eP ,irf;f vd;Wjhd; ehd; nksdk; fiytJ czh;e;Njd; ePapUf;Fk;NghJ fhyj;jpd; Ntfj;ij ntWj;Njd; eP ,y;yhjNghJ fhyj;jpd; jhkjj;ij vd; tPl;bYk; vy;Nyhuh Xtpak; eP te;J nrd;w ghjr; RtLfs; ntWj;jJ ehdy;y Nuh[h vd;W ehd; cdf;Ff; nfhLg;Ngd; vd;W vd;dUfpy; eP nksdtpujkha; ehd; ,uh. guhrf;jp Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  28. 28. ,isQNd vOe;J th jd;dk;gpf;if ,y;yhky; jLkhWk; NjhoNd – eP ,Uis itj;Jf;nfhz;L nghUis vq;Nf NjLfpwha; cd; tpopfspy; (fdTfspy;) ,Uf;fpwJ g+uz re;jpudpd; Ngnuhsp fdT fhz; fdT fhz; cd; fdT edthFk; tiu fdTf;F fiuapy;iy – Mdhy; vd;whtnjhU tpbT cz;L fhyq;fs; khwpDk; cd; ,yl;rpa fdtpypUe;J khwptplhNj cWjp> Kaw;rp> jd;dk;gpf;if - ,tw;iw cWjpaha; nfhz;L cd; tpop tphpa Kaw;rp nfhs; - gpd; mayhh; tpop tphpa cah;e;J epw;gha; eP ,d;W tbf;Fk; fz;zPh; vd;whtJ xUehs; Gd;dif tbtnkLf;Fk;
  29. 29. mJtiu nghWj;jpU mauhky; cioj;jpL Mh;g;ghpj;J Mh;g;ghpj;J vOe;J tUk; miyfisg; ghNud; Mapuk; Kiw flypy; js;spsdhYk; fiuNaWk; ntwpnfhz;L kPz;Lk; kPzLk; Nguiyfsha; mijf; fz;L ePAk; vOe;J th Njhy;tpfisj; Njhw;fbf;f j. ntq;fNl ngUkhs; Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  30. 30. jz;zPUk; fz;zPUk; V fly; jhNa ePhpd;wp mikah cynfd;W cid tzq;f ePNah vq;fis fz;zPhpy; %o;fr; nra;jha; caph;fhf;Fk; czTf;fhf cd;dbiar; Nru jha;kbNa Ngahdhy; jg;gpf;f topNaJ eP czthfpdha;> capuhfpdha; ,e;j cly;nghUs; Mtpnay;yhk; cd;Dilanjd;Wjhd; vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhNah V fly;ePNu vj;jid Nghpd; fz;zPiu eP Fbj;jha; ce;ePh; cg;G fhpf;fpd;wNj cd;dhy; FLk;gj;ij ,oe;j Foe;ijfSf;Fk; Foe;ijfis ,oe;j ngw;nwhUf;Fk; tho;tpy; kpQ;rpapUg;gJ fz;zPiuj; jtpu Ntnwd;d ,Uf;fpwJ jz;zPNu cd;dhy; New;W gy Nfhbfspy; ,d;Nwh njUf;Nfhbapy; cd;dhy; New;W FLk;gj;jiytd; ,d;Nwh ntw;W kdpjd; ehq;fs; 2005I ,dpikaha; vjph;Nehf;f eP vj;jid ehs; jpl;lkpl;lha; vq;fspd; tho;topf;f
  31. 31. V Mo;flNy ,e;j mopah gop vjw;Fdf;F MdhYk; fly;ePNu cd;dhy; vq;fspd; xUikg;ghL ntspg;gl;lJ Ntshq;fd;dpapy; ,we;Njhh;f;F Ntjidg;gLfpd;wd mf;u`huq;fs; ,e;Jtpd; clypy; ,];yhkpa ,uj;jk; ,dk;; kj Ngjq;fsis ,aw;if ntd;wJ kj khr;rh;aq;fis khDlk; ntd;wJ. Mz;L gy fle;jhYk; mopahj RtLfsha; ,d;Wk; vq;fs; neQ;rpy; Rdhkpapd; Nfhuj; jhz;ltk; miyabf;Fk; flNy vq;Nf xspj;J itj;jpUe;jha; ,j;jid MNtrj;ij %Nte;jh; fhj;jkz; Ke;ePuhy; moptjh fz;zfp gpwe;j kz; fz;zPhpy; mkpo;tjh ,dpAk; Ntz;lhk; ,e;jf; nfhLikfs; nt. Jh;fhNjtp mjpraq;fs;
  32. 32. vd; mts; fhw;wpd; miy Xa;e;JtpLk; vd;dtspd; Ngr;riy Nfl;lgpd; flypd; miy Xa;e;JtpLk; vd;dtspd; rphpg;giy Nfl;lgpd; vd; caph; miy epd;WtpLk; vd;dtis fhzhj ehl;fspy; F.uQ;rpj;Fkhh; mjpraq;fs; kPz;Lk; ehd; gfypy; Ntiy Njba fhy;fs; ‘gopf;Fg; gop’ vd typj;jd ntwpj;j Rth;fs; mNj Kfnkd mYg;Gld; Kiwj;jd vdJ ek;gpf;if eg;ghirapy; Kaw;rp vd KdfpaJ fbjq;fs; vidg; gphp vd;W xJq;fpf; fple;jd mNj fl;by;> “te;Jtpl;lhah vd Vsdk; nra;jJ NkYk; ,y;yhj fz;zPh;j;Jsp Mo;e;j mDjhgk; vd fPNo tpOe;jJ Mk; kPzL;k; ehd; cwq;f ghh;f;fpNwd; n[. uhN[;Fkhh; Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  33. 33. ek;gpf;ifapy; efh;fpwJ tho;f;if eP epidg;gnjy;yhk; elf;ftpy;iyah mjw;fhf epidg;gijNa epWj;jptplhNj eP gbg;gnjy;yhk; gad;gltpy;iyah mjw;fhf gbg;gijNa epWj;jp tplhNj eP Nfl;gnjy;yhk; fpilf;ftpy;iyah mjw;fhf Nfl;gijNa epWj;jptplhNj cd; ciog;gpw;Nfw;g Cjpak; fpilf;ftpy;iyah mjw;fhf g+kp gue;J fplf;fp;dwJ ciog;igNa epWj;jp tplhNj g+kp gue;J fplf;fpd;wJ eP elg;gjw;fhf thdk; tphpe;J fplf;fpd;wJ eP gwg;gjw;fhf fly; fhj;Jf; fplf;fpd;wJ eP ePe;Jtjw;fhf vO rpwif tphp gwe;J nry; gha;e;J nry; tiue;J nry; Vndd;why; ek;gpf;ifapy;jhd; ......efh;fpwJ tho;f;if n[. uhN[;Fkhh; Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  34. 34. Ntshz; $L fps;spapd; Ntshz;ik $l;Lf;FO ,aw;ifNahL ,ize;j ,dpjha; thOk; khzt gwitfs; jhq;fs; vq;fs; jha; gwitfsha; tpsq;Fgth;fNs khpahijf;Fhpa Nguhrphpa ngUk;kf;fs; ,e;jf; $Ljhd; khzth;fshfpa vq;fspd; tPL - ,J cyfpw;Nf cztspf;Fk;’ tpQ;QhdKiw – tptrhaj;ij fw;Wj;jUk; VL. gj;J khjk; Rke;jJ jhapd; fUtiw Mdhy; gy Mz;Lfhyk; Rkf;fpwJ – vq;fs; fy;Y}hpapd; fy;tpaiw ,J khzth;fis caNu Vw;wptpLk; Vzpaha; kWfiu Nrh;f;Fk; Njhzpaha; mwpT jhfk; jPh;f;Fk; Nfzpaha; tpsq;Fk; ,t;Ntshz;ik fy;Y}hp guzpapd; juzpapy; mike;J fk;gPukha; fhl;rpaspf;fpfwJ - ,j;jifa
  35. 35. ngUikkpf;f fy;Y}hpap;y; gapYK; khzth;fshfpa ehk; rhjidfs; gy Ghpe;J rhpj;jpuq;fs; gy gilj;J cah;e;J nty;Nthk; tpz;Zf;F ,jd; %yk; ngUik Nrh;g;Nghk; ,e;jpa kz;Zf;F tho;f jkpo; tsh;f Ntshz;ikf; fy;Y}hpapd; Gfo;. gphpT new;kzpfs; Kw;wpaJk; tise;jJ epyj;ij tpl;Lg; gphpag; NghfpNwhNk vd;w Vf;fj;jpy;. tp.Rjhuhzp fhf;fg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  36. 36. fdT vd; tpuypd; ];ghprk; cidj; jPz;Lk;NghJ eP NgrpaJ tapw;wiwapy; vdf;Fg; Ghpe;jnjd czh;e;jha; gs;spg; gl;liwapd; Kjy;ehs; Mj;jpr;Rtb kwe;jNghjpd; vd;idg; gphpe;j mj;jUzj;jpd; czh;r;rpj; jJk;gy;fis ,d;Wk; kwf;ftpy;iyab vd; fd;dj;jpy; Kj;jkpl;L iffshy; mizj;J ghh;itapy; ghrtag;ggLj;jpa Kjy; ngz;zb eP ngz;zpak; Kw;Wg;ngWtJ jha;ikapy; - vd; vz;zq;fs; Kw;Wg; ngWtJk; cd;dpy;jhd; ghh;j;jTld; kdjpd; rydq;fis mf;FNtuha; MzpNtuha;r; nrhy;tnjg;gb. vs;ssTk; epiy tYthJ vidNa epidf;Fk; Ngijg; ngz;Nz – cd; fz;zPUk; fhak; Jilf;Fk; kUe;jhdnjg;gb
  37. 37. rkaj;jpy; cd; ghrj;ijg; Ghpe;Jnfhs;shjJk; cz;ikjhd; jz;zPhpy; tpLk; kPdpd; fz;zPh; Nghy tpLjpj; jPtpy; cidg; gphpe;jhYk; epidtha; te;J nry;thab mh;j;jrhkj;jpy; mUNf ePapy;iynad;whYk; eP thq;fpj; je;j jiyaizia kbnad epidj;J cwq;fpaijAk; kwf;ftpy;iyab md;Wjhd; czh;e;Njd; ehd; vt;tsT Raeythjpnad flTsplk; tuk; Nfl;lNghJ cdf;fhf vJTk; Nfl;ftpy;iyab vdf;fhf Nfl;Nld; kWgpwtpapy; - cd; jhahf Ntz;Lnkd fdtpy; ghh;j;j rhujp mjpraq;fs;
  38. 38. fhyk; tsik xU fhyk; tWik xU fhyk; tsikapy; Mlf;$lhJ tWikapy; Nrhh;e;J tplf;$lhJ NkhfdfPu;j;jp J}z;fs;
  39. 39. fy;Y}hp thry; fy;Y}hp vd;Dk; thrypy; ek; fdT vd;Dk; fjitj; jpwe;J ntw;wp vd;Dk; nfhbia ehl;l cwq;fhky; ciog;Nghk; cah;T ngWk; tiu ed;wp nrhy;Nthk; ehk; ,Uf;Fk; tiu. cah;T tsUk; nghOjpy; Gj;jfk; tphpj;J kyUk; fz;fis mjDs; gjpj;J Kad;W gbj;jhy; Kjy;tuhfyhk; md;id fhl;by; ,Ug;gJ njd;id tPl;by; ,Ug;gJ jpz;iz J}uj;jpy; ,Ug;gJ nrd;id ehk; tpUk;Gtnjy;yhk; jhNa cd;id jpyftjp> fhf;fg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  40. 40. NghuhL fisNahL Nghuhb n[apf;Fk; gaphpy;jhd; cztpUf;F Njhy;tpNahL Nghuhb n[apf;Fk; ntw;wpapy;jhd; gykpUf;F Kaw;rpNahL Nghuhb n[apf;Fk; kdjpy;jhd; rhjidapUf;F ek;gpf;ifNahL Nghuhb n[apf;Fk; kdpjdplk;jhd; tho;tpUf;F; fdfrghgjp J}z;fs;
  41. 41. ,sikapy; fy; Foe;ij njhopyhsp – Nthpy;yh Mykuj;jpd; xw;iw tpOJ gUt fhw;wpy; jtwp ghisapy; tpOe;j tpij eP eP ehisa ,e;jpahtpd; rpw;gp vd;gjhNyh ,d;Nw cd;id fl;ll Ntiyf;F mDg;gptpl;lhh;fs; ,sikapy; fy; vd;gjhNyh cd; ,siknay;yhk; fy;Yilj;Nj fopfpd;wJ. ,jakpy;yh kdpjh;fshy; ,Uk;ig cilf;fpd;wd ,e;j thioj; jz;Lfs; ahh; ,e;j gl;lhk; g+r;rpfspd; rpwFfspy; ghuq;fw;fis Vw;wpaJ INah ,e;j tsh;gpiw tho;nty;yhk; Nja;fpwNj Rpyfhyk; gpQ;Rtpuy;fspy; eP gQ;Rnghjp Rke;jha; Rz;zhk;G fhy;thapy; cd; tho;itAk; Ntf itj;jha; cdf;fhf fz;zPh;tpl;Nl rpte;jNjh #isapd; nrq;fw;fs; eP tz;z tz;zkha; rhaNkw;wpdhYk; cd; tho;tpd; epwNkh vd;Wk; rptg;gha; Cnuy;yhk; kj;jhg;G cd; tpuy;fspy; tpj;ijahy; cd; tho;tpy; vg;NghJ jPghtsp tWikf;F Mirg;gl;L tuk; thq;fhJ ngw;wjhNyh cd; md;id thliff;F tpw;whs; cd;id V khdplh fzf;fpy;yhky; gps;is ngw;W fy;Yilf;f mDg;gpdhy; ftiyfs; Ngha;tpLkh ,dp cyfpy; flTs; gpwe;jhy; khbtPl;byd;wp khl;Lj; njhOtj;jpy; gpwf;fkhl;lhh; gpwe;jhy; mtiuAk; njhopw;$lj;jpw;F mDg;gptpLthh;fs; cd; fz;zPh; Jsp gl;L fy;Yk; fiuAk; fz;Nz fy;Ys;sk; nfhz;Nlhhpd; neQ;rk;? nt. Jh;fhNjtp mjpraq;fs;
  42. 42. mopahj el;G goFk; Kd; ‘ jdpik’ gofpa gpd; ‘ ,dpik’ gphpTk; vd;gJ ‘nfhLik’ gphpe;jhy; njhpAk; ‘el;gpd; ngUik’ mjdhy; el;G vd;Wk; moptjpy;iy ,uTk; gfYk; ,Uf;Fk; tiu cd; fdTk;> epidTk; kiwahJ vd; clYk; capUk; ,Uf;Fk; tiu ek; el;G vd;Wk; mopahJ g+ghyd; mjpraq;fs;
  43. 43. Xyf;Fuy; X ,aw;ifNa cdJ fypahl;lj;jpd; cr;rk; ehq;fs; fz;l brk;gh; 26-2004 eP Mba Ml;lj;jpd; Xyf;Fuy;jhd; vl;Lj;jpf;Fk; tpisahbf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; rpWtd; tPL jpUk;GthNdh vd;W fhj;jpUe;j jha;f;F eP je;j ghpR Xyf;Fuy; mq;fhbf;Fr; nrd;w md;id mjpurj;Jld; tUthNsh vd;W Mtyhf fhj;jpUe;j gpQ;RfSf;F eP je;j ghpR Xyf;Fuy; flYf;Fr; nrd;w fztd; glF epiwa kPDld; tUthNdh vd;W fhj;jpUe;j kidtpf;F eP je;j ghpR Xyf;Fuy; jha;f;Fg; gpd; jhuk; vd;W jhuj;ijNa jhahf epidj;j fztDf;F eP je;j ghpR Xyf;Fuy; kdjpw;F kfpo;r;rpaspg;gha; vd;W cd;dplj;jpy; te;j fhjyh;fSf;F eP je;j ghpR Xyf;Fuy; ,t;thW ghh;j;j ,lnky;yhk; Xyf;Fuy; vOg;gptpl;L xd;WNk njhpahjJNghy; cwq;FfpwhNa md;idiag; Nghy; midtiuAk; mutizf;Fk; eP fhydhf khwp ghrf; fapw;why; thhpf;nfhz;L Nghd nfhLikjhd; vd;d? fy;ypw;Fk; <uk; cz;L vd;ghh;fNs cdJ cs;sk; fy;ypDk; fbdkhdNjh kfd; gbj;J cah;thd; jd;idf; fhg;ghd; vd;w ngw;Nwhhpd; fz;zPUf;F eP jUk; gjpy; vd;d ngw;Nwhiu ,oe;J mdhijahd gpQ;R neQ;rq;fSf;F eP jUk; gjpy; vd;d fhynky;yhk; Nrh;e;J tho;Nthk; vd;w fdT fhdyha; Nghd jk;gjpaUf;F eP jUk; gjpy; vd;d
  44. 44. jpUkzk; vg;NghJ vd;W fhj;jpUe;j fhjyhpd; fdT> fdthfNt NghdNj mjw;F eP jUk; gjpy; vd;d NghJk; ,e;j Nfhuj; jhz;ltj;jpd; Xyf;Fuy;> fhjpd; topahf> cs;sj;ijf; fhag;gLj;Jk; Xyf;Fuy; Xa;e;J Nghfl;Lk; ,j;Jld; ,aw;ifapd; fhyr;RtbypUe;J> ,aw;ifapdhy; fhzhky; Nghd> vq;fs; rNfhju rNfhjhpfSf;F ,Njh- vq;fspd; fz;zPh; fhzpf;if vk;. fpU;zrhkp Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs; fhjy; epoyha; ,Ue;jha; ntapyha; tUfpwha; capuha; ,Ue;jhy; cwtha; tUfpwha; fhw;wha; ,Ue;jhy; kioaha; tUfpwha; Nfhgkha; ,Ue;jhy; re;Njhkha; tUfpwha; md;Ng eP ,Ue;jhy; vd;idNa ehd; kwe;JtpLfpNwd; vk;. rptre;jpud; (J}z;fs;)
  45. 45. vdJ fz;zpy; fz;l fdT fz;Zf;Fs; fz;Nld; mtis nrq;FwpQ;rp kyh; Nghy; Njhd;wpdhs; fhj;jpUf;Fk; fd;dp mts;jhd; vd;Nwd; fw;gidfs; gy tsh;j;Njd; fdtpy; Njhd;wpaJ fhjy; fpspNah (,y;iy) vdJ fhyj;jpd; Nfhyf;fpspNah ,sikapd; CQ;rypNy Njhd;wpait ,dpf;Fk; ,dpj;jJ Njdha; ,dpikahf ghl;birj;jhs; jkpopirapd; murp mtNsh ,d;dpirapd; Kbtpy; epd;Nwd; fhjypd; Nfhyk; vd;Nwd; fhj;jpU mq;Nf ehis vd;why; vdJ fw;gidf;F vy;iy ,y;iy fdTfs; VJk; kpr;rk; ,y;iy $tpaJ Nrty; tpopj;Njd; kiwe;jhs; mts; fh. uhN[; mjpraq;fs;
  46. 46. ,d;iwa ,e;jpah md;W fhe;jp ehl;L kf;fSf;fhf cioj;jhh; - Mdhy; ,d;W ehl;L kf;fs; fhe;jp Nehl;Lf;fhf ciof;fpd;wdh;. V. rptuhkd; J}z;fs; el;G Jspfs; el;ig ,jaj;jpy; Rkf;f Ntz;Lk; Rikahf my;y Rfkhf ey;yit elf;f ,jaj;jpy; el;ig tpijf;f ftiyia kiwf;f epytpd; xspapy; fly; miyapd; Xiria Nfs; rp. gpughfud; fhf;fg;gpwe;jtu;fs;
  47. 47. ngz;Nz nrhy;yptpL Nkfk; fiue;Jtpl;lJ thdk; ntsph;e;Jtpl;lJ G+kp Fsph;e;Jtpl;lJ kyh;fs; kyh;e;Jtpl;ld G+f;fs; g+j;J tpl;ld ngz;Nz nksdk; Ntz;lhk; fhjiy nrhy;yptpL vd;id thotpL moF fWg;G epw gw;fs; nts;is epw Kb mofha; ,Uf;fpwhh; nefl;bt;tpYk;
  48. 48. kwe;Njd; vd;idNa Rl;nlhpf;Fk; #hpaDk; $l xU J}rpjhd; eP Nfhgkha; ghh;f;Fk; ghh;itahy; rpy;nyd;w ,utpd; ,Ul;L$l ghjp ,y;iy miytPRk; cd; kapy;Njhif $e;jyhy; Fapy; $l kwe;JNghFk; jd; Fuiy eP NgRk; koiyg; Ngr;rpdhy; khd; $l epWj;jptpLk; jhd; elg;gij eP Js;spj; Js;sp elg;gjhy; ehd; vd;idNa kwe;Njd; vjphpy; eP tUtjhy;... vk;. fhh;j;jpfh Njtp mjpraq;fs;
  49. 49. JZf;Ffs; N`hl;lypy; Ntiy ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jth; Gjpjhf g+r;rpkUe;J filapy; Ntiyf;Fr; Nrh;e;jhh;. mthplk; tptrhap : jk;gp NkhNdhFNuhl;Nlhgh]; ,Uf;fhf? N`hl;lypy; Ntiy ghh;j;jth;: ,Uf;F rhh;. rhg;gplth ,y;y ghh;ryh? tptrhap : ??? uNk; : vq;f tPl;y ‘kpy;f;’I g+id Fbr;rpUr;rp RNu;: ‘Nfl;”lh Fbr;rpJ uNk;: ,y;y Nfl;fhk Fbr;rpUr;rp Nehahsp 1 : ,Ue;jhYk; ,e;j M];gj;jphpapy nuhk;g mepahak; gz;whq;f Nehahsp 2 : vd;d Mr;R? Nehahsp 1 : lhf;liu [d;dy; topah ghh;j;jJf;Nf gP]; thq;fpl;lhq;f ,u. rutzf;Fkhh; mjpraq;fs;
  50. 50. fzpjg;Gjph; Gj;jpyf;f vz;fspy; 5y; KbtilAk; vz;iz ngUf;f vspa Kiw 1. cjhuzk;; 75 75My; ngUf;f Ntz;Lk; ,uz;L vz;Zk; xd;whf ,Ug;gjhy; Kjypy; 25 Nghl;Ltpl;L Nkny cs;s gj;jpyf;f vz;Zld; xd;W 4l;b fPNo cs;s vz;Zld; ngUf;fpdhy; tpil fpilf;Fk;. (gj;jpyf;f vz; 7 xd;iw $l;bdhy; 7 1 8 8 cld; 7I ngUf;f 56 fpilf;Fk;) 75 75 5625 2. ,uz;L vz;Zf;Fk; 10 tpj;jpahrk; vd;why; Kjypy; 75I Nghl;L Nkw;$wpathW nra;a Ntz;Lk; 3. (7 1 8 8 6 48) 4. 75 5. 45 6. 4875 3. 20 tpj;jpahrk; ,uz;L vz;Zf;Fk; 20 tpj;jpahrk; vd;why; Kjypy;y 25I Nghl;L gj;jpyf;f vz;Zld; xd;iwf;$l;b mjid fPnP cs;s vz;zhy; ngUf;fp tUk; tpilAld; xd;iw $l;bg; Nghl Ntz;Lk;. (7 1 8 8 5 40) 75 55 4125 4. ,uz;Lf;Fk; 30 tpj;jpahrk; vd;why; Similar to 20 tpj;jpahrk; Mdhy; 25 gjpyhf 75I NghlNtz;Lk;. (7 1 8 8 4 32 1 33) 75 45 3375 Nf. G+ghyd; mjpraq;fs;
  51. 51. ; 21 E}w;whz;bd; fpoikfis fz;lwpAk; Kiw xU tUlj;jpy; VNjDk; xU Njjpia Fwpg;gpl;lhy; mjd; fpoikia kpf vspjhf fz;Lgpof;f Xh; vspa top. Njjpfis fz;Lgpbf;f xt;nthU khjj;Jf;Fk; gpd;tUk; Nfhl; (code) vz;iz gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. Jan, Oct 1 May 2 Feb, Mar, Nov 4 June 5 Apr, July 0 Sep, Dec 6 Aug 3 cjhuzkhf 13.12.06 vd;d fpoik vd;gij fz;L gpbf;fyhk;. – Kjypy; tUlj;ij 4-My; tFf;f Ntz;Lk;. tUlk; :06/4 <T : 1 khjf; NfhL vz; : 6 Njjp : 13 $l;ly:; 26 nkhj;j $l;liy 7-My; tFf;f fpilf;Fk; kPjp vz;iz nfhz;L Njjpfis Fwpg;gplyhk;. kPjp 202te;jhy; : nts;sp kPjp 212te;jhy; : rdp kPjp 222te;jhy; :::::: QhapW kPjp 232te;jhy; : jpq;fs; kPjp 242te;jhy; : nrt;tha; kPjp 252te;jhy; : Gjd; kPjp 262 te;jhy; : tpahod; $l;ly; = 26 = 5 77 kPjp 5 tUtjhy; 13.12.06 md;W Gjd; fpoik
  52. 52. KUfk;khs; J}z;fs;
  53. 53. NrhidKj;J (mjpraq;fs;);
  54. 54. fNdrz; J}z;fs;
  55. 55. nre;jpy; (mjpraq;fs;);
  56. 56. ed;wp “ed;wp kwg;gJ ed;wd;W” ,e;j Kj;jkpo; tpoh kyh;- “jkpoUtp” FWe;jfL ntspapLtjw;Fg; ngupJk; Cf;fk; je;J ,e;j Kaw;rpia Cf;Ftpj;J mzpe;Jiu toq;fpa ekJ fy;Y}up Kjy;th; mth;fSf;F mjpraq;fspd; rhh;ghf vq;fsJ ed;wpiar; rkh;gpf;fpNwhk;. ,e;j kyUf;F tho;j;Jiu toq;fp vq;fis Cf;Ftpj;J NkYk; vq;fSf;Fj; Njitahd midj;J cjtpfSk; toq;fp ,e;j kyu; ntw;wp kyuhf kyu cjtpa khztu; kd;w MNyhrfu ;mth;fSf;Fk; kw;Wk; jkpo; ,yf;fpa kd;w MNyhrfu ;mth;fSf;Fk; vq;fsJ ed;wpia cupj;jhf;FfpNwhk;. ,e;j kyu; ntw;wp kyuhf kyu cjtpa midj;J Nguhrpupag; ngUkf;fSf;Fk; vq;fsJ ed;wpia njuptpj;Jf;nfhs;fpNwhk;. fw;gid eakpf;f ftpijfisAk;> vopy;kpF Xtpaq;fisAk; gilj;J mspj;j khztu;fshfpa Msg;gpwe;jtu;fs;> fhf;fg;gpwe;jtu;fs; kw;Wk; J}z;fSf;Fk; vq;fspd; kdkhu;e;j ed;wpfs;... ,e;j Kaw;rpapy; cjtpa midj;J cs;sq;fSf;Fk; vq;fsJ ed;wp. ,dptUk; fhyq;fspYk; ,e;j Kaw;rpiaj; njhlUkhW Nfl;Lf;nfhs;fpNwhk;. ed;wp.. ,tz; mjpraq;fs;
  57. 57. jkpo; ,yf;fpa kd;wk; Ntshz;ikf; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Muha;r;rp epiyak; fps;spFsk; - 628 252.

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