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Behaviorism
 

Behaviorism

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    Behaviorism Behaviorism Presentation Transcript

    • Behaviorism and Education By: Sara Roushandel
    • Menu Page• What is Behaviorism – Classical vs. Operant Conditioning• Behaviorism theorist’s – B.F. Skinner and John B. Watson• Behaviorism in the classroom – Teachers and Students• Behaviorism and my educational philosophy• Final thoughts: Pros and Cons to Behaviorism
    • What is Behaviorism?• Idea that behavior is acquired through conditioning.• Measures behavior by a learner’s response to stimuli.• A learner’s response to stimuli can be reinforced using positive or negative feedback.• There are 2 types of conditioning…
    • Classical ConditioningClassical conditioning involves pairing a naturally occurring stimulus with aresponse. Then a previous neutral stimulus is paired with the naturallyoccurring stimulus. The neutral stimulus begins to evoke the same responsewithout the natural occurring stimulus.
    • Operant Conditioning• Method that occurs using negative and positive reinforcement (or rewards and punishments).
    • B.F. Skinner• Invented the “Skinner Box”- associated with operant conditioning• “Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten”• “The consequences of an act affect the probability of it happening again” March 1904 - August 1990
    • John B. Watson• “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well- formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant- chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors.”• Known for publishing an article titled“Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It” Jan. 1878- Sept. 1958also called “The Behaviorist Manifesto”.
    • Behaviorism and Teachers• Behaviorism is seen when teachers use the following methods: – Testing specific skills – More individual work than group learning – Using positive and negative reinforcement• One specific way teachers could incorporatebehaviorism is using a point or sticker systemto reward students good behavior or goodacademic performance.
    • Behaviorism and Students• According to behaviorism, students learn through experiences and practices.• Learning is also modified with positive and negative reinforcements• Students begin to give predicted responses to a stimulus
    • Behaviorism and My Classroom• Ways in which I could use behaviorism theory in my classroom: – Have objectives and expectations clearly stated – Give weekly quizzes/tests – Use positive/negative reinforcement to encourage and reward my students for good behavior and to punish bad behavior.
    • Final Thoughts• Pros: – Behaviorism is based on observable behaviors, making it easier to conduct and collect data and research. – Can be applicable/helpful for therapy of children with behavioral disorders• Cons: – Does not account for other ways of learning that do no involve positive/negative reinforcement – People can change their behavior when presented with new information, even if they have previously established a different behavior through reinforcement