Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5







Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Friendship Friendship Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 2 Friendship By: Serena Robinson
  • Chapter Focus This chapter documents how social media is incorporated into teen friendship practices in the context of their everyday peer groups. It concentrates on the role technology plays in establishing, reinforcing, complicating, and damaging friendship-driven social bonds (p.80- 81).
  • Social media intersects with four types of everyday peer negotiations: Making friends Performing friendships Articulating friendship hierarchies
  • Peers and Friendship The peer relations of children and teens are structured by a developmental logic supported by educational institutions organized by rigid age boundaries (p. 83). We share a cultural consensus that the ability to socialize with peers and make friendships is a key component of growing up.
  • Children are taught at an early age to learn how to develop friendships with peers. The “personal communities” that children develop help them negotiate identity and intimacy (p.83). Milner argues that teens hanging out, dating and mobilizing tokens of popular culture all play a central role in the development and maintenance of peer status (p.83).
  • Mediated teen social worlds began with the telephone and continue to today’s popular social media. Teens use all types of media available to display their social identities and interact with their peers. Most common form of social media amongst teens is instant messaging, cell phones, and social network sites.
  • When teens are involved in friendship-driven practices, online and offline are not separate worlds. They are just considered different settings where one can still interact with friends and peers. Social media mirror, magnify, and extend everyday social worlds (p.84).
  • Teens use social media to continue what they have always been doing: Socialize with friends Negotiate peer groups Flirt Share stories Hang out
  • Making Friends Teens may select their friends, but their choice is configured by the social, cultural and economic conditions around them (p.88). Most friendships among American teens are of approximately the same age. This is due to age-stratified school systems and other cultural forces segregating youth by age.
  • Most people connect to others who share their interests and identity. This is how people choose their friends. The teens interviewed in this chapter tended toward building friendships with others of similar age who shared their interests and values (p.88).
  • Social media makes it possible for teens to move beyond geographic restrictions and connect with new people. While this could be beneficial to many research shows that developing friendships online is not a normative practice. A survey of U.S. teens indicate that most teens use social media to socialize with people they already know or would like to know better(p.89).
  • They use social media as additional channels of communication to interact with classmates and turn acquaintances into friendships. Social networking sites like Facebook can be helpful in getting to know classmates better. “Facebook makes it easier to talk to people at school that you may not see a lot or know very well.” –Melanie 15-year old from Kansas
  • Performing Friendships Most social network sites require confirmation for people to list one another and requires a “Friend request” where the recipient is required to accept or reject the request. Teens must determine their own boundaries concerning whom to accept and whom to reject. Teens have different strategies for choosing whom to mark as friends.
  • Some teens accept strangers just so they can have a large friend list. Or they will accept acquaintances and classmates they don’t interact with just so they don’t offend or hurt anyone’s feelings. While others only use Myspace or Facebook to communicate with close friends and family.
  • Friending rules: It is socially unacceptable to delete a Friend one knows. This only happens after a fight or breakup. Now it is ok to move from an open profile to a closed one and delete strangers.
  • By facing decisions about how to circumscribe their Friends lists, teens are forced to consider their relationships, the dynamics of their peer group, and the ways in which their decisions may affect others (p.100). It forces teens to navigate their social lives in new ways.
  • Friendship Hierarchies Displaying friendship hierarchies online are controversial and more fraught than the simple articulation of Friend connections (p.100). MySpace had a feature called “Top Friends” or “Top 8” which forced teens to indicate whom they were closest to among their friends. This only created social drama because many teens would get upset over who should make the list and be in the first position.
  • Many teens expect that if they list someone as a Top Friend, that person should list them in return. Teens see the Top Friends feature as a litmus test of their relations and this prompts anxieties in teens about where they stand (p.101).
  • The give-and-take over these forms of social ranking is an example of how social norms are being negotiated in tandem with the adoption of new technologies and how peers give ongoing feedback to one another as part of these struggles to develop new cultural standards (p.104).
  • Status, Attention, and Drama Teens use social media to develop and maintain friendships but at the same time use it to seek attention and create drama. Often the motivation is to relieve insecurities about popularity and friendship.
  • New communication channels including mobile phones, IM, and social network sites have all been used to gossip. Some teens believe that the new media tend to replace the older media as a tool for gossip. “The Internet has taken the place of phones… it spreads all rumors and gossip” (p.105).
  • The Internet makes it easier for rumors and gossip to spread faster and further making social media a channel in teen drama. It creates a new level of bullying. A lot of drama that takes place in teens lives involve crushes, jealousy and significant
  • Gossip, drama, bullying and posing are unavoidable side effects of teens everyday negotiations over friendship and peer status (p.112). It has been going on long before the Internet but certain features of social media reinforce these dynamics.
  • The public, persistent, searchable and spreadable nature of mediated information affects the way rumors flow and how dramas play out (p.112). While there is a dark side to what takes place, teens still enjoy the friendship opportunities social media provides.
  • Social media and social networking sites allow teens to be more connected to the lives of their friends and peers. It is part of the process of building, performing, articulating and developing friendships and statuses.