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It governance It governance Presentation Transcript

  • IT GOVERNANCE Memaksimalkan manfaat meminimalisasi resiko … Sumber: PT. eGov Indonesia (2005)
  • Konsep Manajemen If you can measure it, you can manage it. If you can manage it, you can achieve it. WRITE what you do, DO what you write (Ian Duran)
  • Kedudukan “IT Governance” Strategis: Mengelola TI berarti mendefinisikan peran IT yang berfokus pada memberikan nilai tambah organisasi (ie:performanc e, profit, etc “IT Governance is an integral part of the overall enterprise governance.”* Corporate Governance Corporate Governance IT Governance IT Governance IT Management IT Management* Source: IT Governance Institute, Board Briefing on IT Governance
  • Sistem Informasi: Konsep & Definisi Information system (IS): mengumpulkan, memproses, menyimpan, menganalisa, dan menyampaikan informasi untuk sebuah tujuan khusus “Aplikasi”  Hardware  Software Hardware  Data Software Application  Network Data  Procedures People  Brainware/People
  • Sistem Informasi – Tujuan UtamaMengumpulkan data, memprosesnya menjadi informasikemudian mengubah informasi menjadi pengetahuanuntuk tujuan tertentu.  Data Deskripsi pokok suatu hal, kejadian, aktivitas, dan transaksi yang direkam, diklasifikasikan, dan disimpan, tetapi belum diorganisir menjadi sesuatu yang spesifik.  Informasi Data yang telah diorganisir sehingga memiliki arti dan nilai bagi penerimanya.  Pengetahuan (Knowledge) Informasi yang telah diorganisir, dan diproses sehingga menjadi pemahaman, pengalaman, dan keahlian ketika diterapkan pada situasi aktifitas yang terjadi.
  • Sistem Informasi – Klasifikasi dari Fungsi Dukungannya •5-year sales trend •Profit Planning •5-year budget forecasting Senior Mgr •Product development Executive Support System •Sales Management •Inventory ControlManagement Information System •Annual budgetDecision Support System Middle Managers •Production Scheduling •Cost AnalysisIntelligent Support Systems •Pricing Analysis •Simulation •Pgm codingKnowledge Management System •System support Data Workers •Word ProcessingOffice Automation System •Desktop Publishing •Order Processing •Fulfillment •Material MovementTransaction Processing System Operational Managers •A/R, A/P, GL •Payroll •POS
  • Strategi Organisasi & TI Integrasikan teknologi baru- penggerak dan peluang Menyelaraskan Strategi TI dengan strategi bisnis dengan Bisnis Strategi dan Misi Organisas/Lembagai Mengelola kemampuan TI dengan membuat keputusan, strukturisasi, dan mengelola organisasi dan memberikan layanan TI ke organisasi
  • Area Fokus dari IT Governance IT Resource IT Value Management Delivery IT Strategic Stakeholder Risk Alignment Value Management Drivers Performance Measurement Source: IT Governance Institute, Board Briefing on IT Governance
  • Penggerak TI: Drivers IT Architecture design should balance efficiency, flexibility and risk in accordance with business objectives and organizational capabilities. The state of technology in the marketplace and the organizations willingness to take on new technologies Technology Drivers The business objectives and applications needed toOrganizational drivers are the achieve goals should defineresult of the organization, architecturerather than the business itperforms • Strategic Objectives • Security requirements • Transaction volumes • Existing corporate Organizational Business • Data criticality standards Drivers Specific Drivers • Data distribution • State of technology in the requirements organization • Mission criticality of the • Operating model system • Current profitability • Type of system (e.g. • Developer skills production control, data • Resource availability warehouse, etc.) • Integration with legacy system(s)
  • Strategi TI Mendukung Strategi Bisnis StrategiOrganisasi Fungsi Organisasi Arsitektur Aplikasi Infrastruktur Teknis Sumber Daya/ Pegawai Pendanaan
  • Tata Kelola Teknologi Informasi TUJUAN ORGANISASI IT GOVERNANCE INFORMATION •Effectiveness •Efficiency •Confidentiality MONITORING •Integrity PLANNING & •Availability ORGANISATION •Compliance •Realibilty IT RESOURCES •People •Application systems •Technology •Facilities •Data DELIVERY & ACQUISITION & SUPPORT IMPLEMENTATION Sumber: IT Governance Institute - Framework
  • Langkah-langkah pengelolaan yang baik: Membangun kerangka kerja organisasi pemerintahan Menyelaraskan Strategi TI dengan Strategi Organisasi Memahami/Mendefinisikan Resiko berkaitan dengan pengembangan TI Mendefinisikan Target atau Sasaran Menganalisa kemampuan yang ada dan identifikasi ‘gap’ Membuat Strategi Pengembangan Mengukur hasilnya dengan alat ukur yang ada Lakukan evaluasi dan perbaikan
  • 3 Konstrain Utama Manajemen