ABBA was a Swedish pop rock disco group formed in Stockholm in 1972, comprising Agnetha Fältskg, Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus and Anni-Frid Lyngstad. ABBA is an acronym of the first letters of the band members first names and is sometimes stylized as the registered trademark ᗅᗅᗅᗅ. They became one of the most commercially successful acts in the history of pop music, topping the charts worldwide from 1972 to 1982.
They are also known for winning the 1974 Eurovision Song Contest, giving Sweden its first victory in the history of the contest. ABBA was the first pop group to come from a non- English-speaking country that enjoyed consistent success in the charts of English-speaking countries. In 1999, ABBAs music was adapted into the successful musical Mamma Mia! that toured worldwide. A film of the same name released in 2008 became the highest-grossing film in the United Kingdom that year.
Form in MusicForm is a way of describing the structureor shape of a piece of music - i.e. theway it has been constructed fromvarious smaller sections. Form is mostlydetermined by the harmony (keys,chords etc.), although melody, rhythm,dynamics and texture can also beimportant.
Some commonly used forms are:• Binary - AB, often | |: A :| |: B :| | , occasionally | |: A :| | B or A | |: B :| | Two sections. Either or both may be repeated. • Ternary - ABA, sometimes | |: A :| | BA Three sections, with the third being similar to the first. In some cases the first and third sections are identical (e.g. a da Capo).
Repeat sign:Enclose a passage that is to be playedmore than once. If there is no left repeatsign, the right repeat sign sends theperformer back to the start of the piece orthe nearest double bar.
Volta brackets: (1st and 2nd endings,or 1st- and 2nd-time bars)A repeated passage is to be playedwith different endings on differentplayings; it is possible to have morethan two endings (1st, 2nd, 3rd ...).
Da capo:(lit. "From top") Tells the performer torepeat playing of the music from itsbeginning. This is followed by al fine (lit."to the end"), which means to repeat tothe word fine and stop, or al coda (lit."to the coda (sign)"), which meansrepeat to the coda sign and then jumpforward.
Dal segno:(lit. "From the sign") Tells theperformer to repeat playing of themusic starting at the nearest segno.This is followed by al fine or al codajust as with da capo.
Segno:Mark used with dal segno.Coda:Indicates a forward jump in the musicto its ending passage, marked withthe same sign. Only used after playingthrough a D.S. al coda (Dal segno alcoda) or D.C. al coda (Da capo alcoda).
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