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Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
Census Highlights(Urban)
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Census Highlights(Urban)

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  • 1. PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS (URBAN)-HIGHLIGHTSA PRESENTATIONR.SrinivasMetropolitan& UT DivisionTOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING ORGANIZATIONMINISTRY OF URBAN DEVELOPMENTGOVERNMENT OF INDIA
  • 2. Sl.N AdministrativeUnitsNumbers in 2001 Numbers in 20111. States/UTs 35 352. Districts 593 6403. Sub districts(Tehsil / Talukas)5463 59254. Villages 6,38,588 6,40,8675. Towns 5161(3799 statutory towns &1362 Census towns)*7935(4041 statutory towns &3894 Census towns)*Census 2011 (provisional figures)
  • 3. CENSUS-2011-MAJOR FINDINGS• Total population of the country has increased from 102.86crore in 2001 to 121.02crore in 2011 registering a decadalgrowth rate of 17.6%.• The total urban population has increased from 28.61 crorein 2001 to 37.71 crore in 2011 registering a decal growthrate of 31.8 %.• The percentage of urban population has increased from27.8% to 31.16 % during 2001-2011.
  • 4. • The number of Class-I cities have not shown much increaseas the number has increased from 441 in 2001 to 468 in2011.• The category II to VI population figures are yet to bereleased, which can further explain the distribution urbansettlements in various classes.• The total population of million plus cities constitute 42% ofthe total urban population, while the total population inClass I cities constitutes 70% of the total urban population.
  • 5. Category of Towns Number of Towns as perCensus2001 2011Class I ( more than 1 Lakh ) 441 468 *Class II ( 50,000 to 1 Lakh ) 496Class III ( 20,000 to 50,000 ) 1388Class IV ( 10,000 to 20,000 ) 1563Class V ( 5,000 to 10,000 ) 1041Class VI ( below 5,000 ) 2325161 7935* for Census 2011- Figures for Class II – Class VI towns are yet to be released.Category of Towns as per Census 2001 and 2011
  • 6. • As per 2011 Census, there are 53 million plus citiesindicating addition of 18 cities from 2001(35) .• For the first time, India has 3 cities with more than 1 crorepopulation (Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi) while 5 cities viz.Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Punehave attained more than 5 0 lakh population.• The million plus cities have shown wide variation in thegrowth rates during 2001-2011.
  • 7. S.No. Cities as per population No. of Cities1. More than 10 million 32. 5-10 million 53. 2- 5 million 104. 1-2 million 34Total Million Plus Cities 535. 0.5 million to 1 million 426. 1 lakh to 5 lakh 372Total Class–I Cities 468Distribution of Class I cities - as per Census 2011
  • 8. Table: Growth in Population - All India - 1951 - 2011Year Total Population**(including Assam & J & K)Urban Population**(including Assam & J &K)Total No. ofCities andTowns*(ExcludingJ & K from1951 to 1991& Assam for1981)TotalPopulation(in crores)DecadalGrowth(%)UrbanPopulation(in crores)DecadalGrowth(%)Urbanpopulation(%)1951 36.11 6.24 17.3 30351961 43.92 21.6 7.89 26.4 18.0 26571971 54.81 24.8 10.91 38.3 19.9 30811981 68.33 24.7 15.95 46.2 23.3 38911991 84.63 23.9 21.76 36.4 25.7 46152001 102.86 21.5 28.61 31.5 27.8 51612011 121.02 17.6 37.71 31.8 31.16 7935
  • 9. • In terms of urbanization, Goa is most urbanized State of thecountry with 62.17 % as urban population followed by Mizoram(51.51%), Tamil Nadu (48.45%) and Kerala (47.72%).• States like Karnataka,Punjab,Haryana,Andhra Pradesh and WestBengal still have to cross 40% mark as the share of urbanpopulation in these states varies between 31%to 38%• The least urbanized States are Assam (14.08%) followed byBihar (11.30%) and Himachal Pradesh (10.04%) .
  • 10. 2001 2011 increase in noof townsCode India/State/ Union Territory* No. of Towns No. of TownsStatutoryTownsCensusTownsTotal StatutoryTownsCensusTownsTotal % increaseINDIA 3,799 1,362 5161 4,041 3,894 7935 53.704 Chandigarh * 1 0 1 1 5 6 500.025 Daman & Diu * 2 0 2 2 6 8 300.032 Kerala 60 99 159 59 461 520 227.026 Dadra & Nagar Haveli#0 2 2 1 5 6 200.013 Nagaland 8 1 9 19 7 26 188.919 West Bengal 123 252 375 129 780 909 142.431 Lakshadweep * 0 3 3 0 6 6 100.022 Chhattisgarh 75 22 97 168 14 182 87.616 Tripura 13 10 23 16 26 42 82.607 NCT of Delhi* 3 59 62 3 110 113 82.318 Assam 80 45 125 88 126 214 71.228 Andhra Pradesh 117 93 210 125 228 353 68.134 Puducherry* 6 0 6 6 4 10 66.735 A&N Islands* 1 2 3 1 4 5 66.701 Jammu& Kashmir 72 3 75 86 36 122 62.721 Orissa 107 31 138 107 116 223 61.630 Goa 14 30 44 14 56 70 59.112 Arunachal Pradesh 0 17 17 26 1 27 58.814 Manipur 28 5 33 28 23 51 54.510 Bihar 125 5 130 139 60 199 53.120 Jharkhand 44 108 152 40 188 228 50.006 Haryana 84 22 106 80 74 154 45.324 Gujarat 168 74 242 195 153 348 43.827 Maharashtra 251 127 378 256 279 535 41.503 Punjab 139 18 157 143 74 217 38.217 Meghalaya 10 6 16 10 12 22 37.505 Uttarakhand 74 12 86 74 42 116 34.908 Rajasthan 184 38 222 185 112 297 33.833 Tamil Nadu 721 111 832 721 376 1097 31.909 Uttar Pradesh 638 66 704 648 267 915 30.029 Karnataka 226 44 270 220 127 347 28.523 Madhya Pradesh 339 55 394 364 112 476 20.815 Mizoram 22 0 22 23 0 23 4.502 Himachal Pradesh 56 1 57 56 3 59 3.5
  • 11. • Among the States, Kerala, Nagaland and West Bengal have registeredmore than 100% in crease in the number of towns since 2001 census.• Even UTs like Chandigarh and Delhi which are most urbanized havesome of the settlements classified as urban.• States like Mizoram, Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh, the increase innumber of towns was not much.
  • 12. STATE WISE METROPOLITAN URBAN AGGLOMERATION AND CITIES IN INDIA - 2011(URBAN AGGLOMERATION /CITIES HAVING POPULATION 1 MILLION AND ABOVE)S.No. U.A / City (as per 2011 Census) State POP 2001 POP 2011Decadal Growth in %2001-20111 2 3 4 5 61 Agra U.A Uttar Pradesh 1,331,339 1,746,467 31.182 Ahmadabad U.A Gujarat 4,525,013 6,352,254 40.383 Allahabad U.A Uttar Pradesh 1,042,229 1,216,719 16.744 Amritsar U.A Punjab 1,003,917 1,183,705 17.915 Asansol U.A West Bengal 1,067,369 1,243,008 16.466 Aurangabad U.A Maharashtra 892,483 1,189,376 33.277 Bangalore U.A Karnataka 5,701,446 8,499,399 49.078 Bhopal U.A Madhya Pradesh 1,458,416 1,883,381 29.149 Chandigarh U.A Chandigarh 808,515 1,025,682 32.5610 Chennai U.A Tamil Nadu 6,560,242 8,696,010 47.2511 Coimbatore U.A Tamil Nadu 1,461,139 2,151,466 26.8612 Delhi U.A NCT of Delhi 12,877,470 16,314,838 26.6913 Dhanbad U.A Jharkhand 1,065,327 1,195,298 12.2014 Durg BhilainagarU.A Chhattisgarh 927,864 1,064,077 14.6815 Faridabad (M.Corp.) Haryana 1,055,938 1,404,653 33.0216 Greater Mumbai U.A Maharashtra 16,434,386 18,414,288 12.0517 Ghaziabad U.A Uttar Pradesh 968,256 2,358,525 143.5818 Gwalior U.A Madhya Pradesh 865,548 1,101,981 27.3219 Hyderabad U.A Andhra Pradesh 5,742,036 7,749,334 34.9620 Indore U.A Madhya Pradesh 1,516,918 2,167,447 42.8821 Jabalpur U.A Madhya Pradesh 1,098,000 1,267,564 15.4422 Jaipur (M.Corp.)* Rajasthan 2,322,575 3,073,350 32.3323 Jamshedpur U.A Jharkhand 1,104,713 1,337,131 21.0424 Jodhpur U.A Rajasthan 860,818 1,137,815 32.1825 Kanpur U.A Uttar Pradesh 2,715,555 2,920,067 7.53
  • 13. S.No. U.A / City (as per 2011 Census) State POP 2001 POP 2011Decadal Growth in %2001-201127 Kolkata U.A West Bengal 13,205,697 14,112,536 6.8728 Kota ( M.Corp.) Rajasthan 703,150 1,001,365 42.4129 Kozhikode U.A kerala 880,247 2,030,519 130.6830 Kannur U.A kerala 498,207 1,642,892 229.7631 Kollam U.A kerala 380,091 1,110,005 192.0432 Lucknow U.A Uttar Pradesh 2,245,509 2,901,474 29.2133 Ludhiana (M .Corp.) Punjab 1,398,467 1,613,878 15.4034 Madurai U.A Tamil Nadu 1,203,095 1,462,420 21.5535 Meerut U.A Uttar Pradesh 1,161,716 1,424,908 22.6636 Malappuram U.A kerala 170,409 1,698,645 896.8037 Nagpur U.A Maharashtra 2,129,500 2,497,777 17.2938 Nashik U.A Maharashtra 1,152,326 1,562,769 35.6239 Patna U.A Bihar 1,697,976 2,046,652 20.5340 Pune U.A Maharashtra 3,760,636 5,049,968 34.2841 Rajkot U.A Gujarat 1,003,015 1,390,933 38.6842 Ranchi U.A Jharkhand 863,495 1,126,741 30.4943 Raipur U.A Chhattisgarh 700,113 1,122,555 60.3444 Surat U.A Gujarat 2,811,614 4,585,367 63.0945 Srinagar U.A Jammu & Kashmir 988,210 1,273,312 28.8546 Thrissur U.A kerala 330,122 1,854,783 461.8547 Thiruvananthapuram U.A kerala 889,635 1,687,406 89.6748 Tiruchirappalli U.A Tamil Nadu 866,354 1,021,717 17.9349 Vadodara U.A Gujarat 1,491,045 1,817,191 21.8750 Varanasi U.A Uttar Pradesh 1,203,961 1,435,113 19.2051 Vijayawada U.A Andhra Pradesh 1,039,518 1,491,202 43.4552 Vasal Virar City (M.Corp.) Maharashtra 174,396 1,221,233 600.2653 Visakhapatnam U.A Andhra Pradesh 1,345,938 1,730,320 28.56
  • 14. • In Kerala, cities like Kozhikode, Kannur, Kollam,Malapuram, Thrissur have shown abnormal increase in thepopulation registering growth rate more than 100%.• Probably this may not be due to natural increase, but, theincrease has been mainly due to changes of the boundaryof these cities encompassing vast surrounding rural areas.• Cities like Allahabad, Amritsar, Asansol, Dhanbad, Durg,Greater Mumbai, Jabalpur, Kanpur, Kolkata, Ludhiana,Nagpur, Thiruchirappli and Varanasi have registered growthrate between 10-20% indicating stabilization of thepopulation.
  • 15. • While, cities like Ghaziabad have shown growth of 143.58%signifying the absorption of population in the city due tolarge scale group housing residential development.Similarly, Vasai-Virar has also registered a very high growthrate, perhaps due to the merger of two municipalities.
  • 16. IMPLICATION OF CENSUS 2011 FIGURES.• The Census 2011 for the first time has classified large number oftowns as census towns (3894).This signifies although the pace ofurbanization has slowed down but at the same time large number ofrural settlements have attained urban characteristics.• These towns do not have any Urban Local Bodies,hence there maynot be any Master Plan nor have any provision for development/building regulations.• The immediate task for State Governments would be to consider theconstitution of urban local bodies for these census towns.• Probably, in census towns unauthorized construction in the absenceof enforcement mechanism will occur and also these towns will notbe in a position to avail the central assistance for creating /upgrading the infrastructure.

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