FISHERIESFISHERIES – A– A SWOTSWOT
D. SrinivasD. Srinivas
Fisheries Development OfficerFisheries Development Officer
Dept. of Fisheries, Govt. of A.P.Dept. of Fisheries, Govt. of A.P.
• The Indian fisheries sector, which 50The Indian fisheries sector, which 50
years ago produced only 600 000 tonnesyears ago produced only 600 000 tonnes
of fish, today produces 8.67 millionof fish, today produces 8.67 million
• Now India is second largest producer ofNow India is second largest producer of
fish in the World with a share of 5.43% offish in the World with a share of 5.43% of
total World fish production.total World fish production.
What is SWOT Analysis?What is SWOT Analysis?
• SWOT analysis is a strategic planningSWOT analysis is a strategic planning
method used to evaluate the Strengths,method used to evaluate the Strengths,
Weaknesses, Opportunities and ThreatsWeaknesses, Opportunities and Threats
involved in any project under study.involved in any project under study.
• This technique is credited to StanfordThis technique is credited to Stanford
University, USA.University, USA.
SWOT Analysis - FisheriesSWOT Analysis - Fisheries
• A SWOT analysis helps to identify theA SWOT analysis helps to identify the
strengths, weaknesses, opportunities andstrengths, weaknesses, opportunities and
threats to the fisheries sector therebythreats to the fisheries sector thereby
enabling the policy makers and theenabling the policy makers and the
scientific community to continuouslyscientific community to continuously
reorient themselves to the prevailingreorient themselves to the prevailing
• Strengths:Strengths: These are the characteristics of anThese are the characteristics of an
enterprise that gives it an advantage over theenterprise that gives it an advantage over the
• Weakness:Weakness: These are the characteristics thatThese are the characteristics that
place it at a disadvantage relative to others.place it at a disadvantage relative to others.
• OpportunitiesOpportunities: These are the external: These are the external
characteristics that can be exploited to getcharacteristics that can be exploited to get
maximum advantage for the enterprise.maximum advantage for the enterprise.
• Threats:Threats: These are also the external elementsThese are also the external elements
in the environment that could cause trouble forin the environment that could cause trouble for
the enterprise.the enterprise.
Strengths of Indian FisheriesStrengths of Indian Fisheries
• Vast Fisheries resources in IndiaVast Fisheries resources in India
• Second largest fish producer in the worldSecond largest fish producer in the world
• Ranks second in aquaculture ProductionRanks second in aquaculture Production
• 3.41% of marine and 9.42 % of inland world fish production3.41% of marine and 9.42 % of inland world fish production
• Source of livelihood for 14.48 millionSource of livelihood for 14.48 million
• Contribution of nearly 0.8% of GDP and 4.4% of Agriculture GDPContribution of nearly 0.8% of GDP and 4.4% of Agriculture GDP
• Potential Source of Food and nutritional Security.Potential Source of Food and nutritional Security.
• Tool for Poverty alleviation and women empowerment.Tool for Poverty alleviation and women empowerment.
• About 11 fold increase in fish productionAbout 11 fold increase in fish production (0.752 mt in 1950-(0.752 mt in 1950-
51 to 8.67 mt in 2011-12)51 to 8.67 mt in 2011-12)
• Seafood exports reached a record high of Rs.18,856Seafood exports reached a record high of Rs.18,856
crore ($3.5 billion) in fiscal year 2012-13.crore ($3.5 billion) in fiscal year 2012-13.
• Contributing about 17% of national agriculture export.Contributing about 17% of national agriculture export.
• Yield gap in fisheries resourcesYield gap in fisheries resources
particularly in reservoir fisheries.particularly in reservoir fisheries. AverageAverage
yields reduced to 1,000 kg/ ha where asyields reduced to 1,000 kg/ ha where as
potential is 3-4 thousand kgs / hectarepotential is 3-4 thousand kgs / hectare
• Fish stocks in India's territorial deep-seaFish stocks in India's territorial deep-sea
waters also remain untapped owing to thewaters also remain untapped owing to the
dearth of suitable fishing vesselsdearth of suitable fishing vessels
• Post harvest losses are estimated worth overPost harvest losses are estimated worth over
Rs.15,000 Crores (both Marine and Inland)Rs.15,000 Crores (both Marine and Inland)
which is about 25% of the total Indian marinewhich is about 25% of the total Indian marine
and Inland Industry which is worth of overand Inland Industry which is worth of over
• Low value addition and fish Processing.Low value addition and fish Processing. There
are no organized and coherent efforts in the
country to formulate and implement policies for
the processed fish/fishery products for domestic
• The marine fish catch is stagnating due to uncontrolled
fishing and over exploitation of coastal resources.
• Climate change and other factors are leading to
decrease in marine fish catches and the climate change
is also having impact on inland fisheries
• The Indian retail departmental stores is already having
ready to eat imported processed fishery products such
as canned Tuna, Salmon etc. If India is not geared to
meet the international competition there is increased
threat from such products flooding the Indian markets.
• Unsustainable capture inland fishery activities in the past led to
habitat degradation, multiple use of inland water bodies with least
priority to fishery wealth.
• Non compliance of FAO –CCRF principles
• Quality of the fish seed is the most important problem and there isQuality of the fish seed is the most important problem and there is
no organised brood stock production activityno organised brood stock production activity
• No indigenously commercial fish feed millsNo indigenously commercial fish feed mills
• Lack of infrastructure and skilled man power in disease diagnosticLack of infrastructure and skilled man power in disease diagnostic
labs in the States.labs in the States.
• The potential yield of the Indian Exclusive Economic
Zone (EEZ) has been revalidated as 4.41 million tonnes
• Fisheries and aqua-culture provide for diversification as
well as value addition in farming practices. Due to value
addition, fish farmers and fishermen across the country
will receive remunerative prices for their produce.
• In case of aqua-culture, scope exists for bringing more
fish species with a focus on food fish, ornamental
species and those with potentials for sport and tourism.
• Growing demand for domestic fresh water fish. About 35% of IndianAbout 35% of Indian
population is fish eaters and the per capita consumption is 9.8 kgpopulation is fish eaters and the per capita consumption is 9.8 kg
whereas the recommended intake is 13 kg.whereas the recommended intake is 13 kg.
• Fish production can be enhanced in rain fed water bodies by 2 to 4
times – use of MGNREGS
• Over 250 million economically strong potential consumers of food
and the domestic demand for the fish and processed fish food is
increasing very rapidly. TThe prices are more than doubled in the
References/ AcknowledgementsReferences/ Acknowledgements
1.1. Handbook on Fisheries Statistics 2011Handbook on Fisheries Statistics 2011
2.2. Annual Report of DAHDF, Govt. of IndiaAnnual Report of DAHDF, Govt. of India
3.3. DPR on NFPDBDPR on NFPDB
4.4. Twelfth Five Year Plan documentTwelfth Five Year Plan document
5.5. Economic Survey 2012-13, Govt. of IndiaEconomic Survey 2012-13, Govt. of India