<ul><li>EXERCISE </li></ul><ul><li>BY….. </li></ul><ul><li>s3 </li></ul><ul><li>BNYS 2 ND  SEM </li></ul>
<ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISE is the repeated rhythmic movements given to body parts to keep it healthy ...
Basic Principles of Nature Cure 8. Exercise or physical activity helps keep balance between nutrition and drainage
<ul><li>It could be any activity, which keeps body active like gardening, walking, games, sports, gym etc . </li></ul>
EXERCISE FREE   WEIGHT  TRAINING ACTIVE PASSIVE RESISTED ASSISTED
<ul><li>Free exercise – Rhythmic movements with no instruments  </li></ul><ul><li>Active exercises are activity performed ...
<ul><li>We should do exercise  in open air. </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilated room near the window. </li></ul><ul><li>Early mor...
<ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Should be started with minimum speed. slowly accelerated, stopped with minimum speed. ...
<ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Empty stomach i.e., 3 to 4 hours after food. </li></ul><ul><li>Bowel and bladder should be...
Physiology <ul><li>There is an increase in metabolism due to  </li></ul><ul><li>The increased demand for nutrition and oxy...
Stages (severity) of exercise <ul><li>According to physiology, there are 3 types of exercises  </li></ul><ul><li>Mild: min...
<ul><li>Blood volume </li></ul><ul><li>There is increased heat production during exercise which increases the body tempera...
<ul><li>Cardiac output </li></ul><ul><li>5-6 liters of blood is pumped out of heart/min. </li></ul><ul><li>in moderate-20l...
<ul><li>cardiac output is directly proportional to oxygen consumption. This is due to increased heart rate and increased s...
<ul><li>Effect on muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Venous return increased - Due to the muscle pump  </li></ul><ul><li>Blood flow...
<ul><li>Vasodilatation leads to relaxation of the muscles. </li></ul><ul><li>In the muscles end product of metabolism is l...
<ul><li>Effect on respiration </li></ul><ul><li>During exercise there is increase in CO2 in blood </li></ul><ul><li>Increa...
<ul><li>Effects on elimination </li></ul><ul><li>Skin - Sweating is improved </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney - Urine output is in...
Social set-up Types <ul><li>For individual groups exercise can be different </li></ul><ul><li>For Children - playing </li>...
<ul><li>While prescribing an exercise, things to be considered are </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Ability </li></...
<ul><li>Benefits of Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>The body becomes light after exercise.  </li></ul><ul><li>The body relaxes....
<ul><li>Physical appearance is improved. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility and mobility of the body increases </li></ul><ul><l...
Precaution to be taken befor exercise <ul><li>Wrong practice and procedure </li></ul><ul><li>For Ex: Weight training exerc...
Dangers of exercise <ul><li>Prolonged severe exercise can cause dehydration. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorrect methods like exer...
<ul><li>Contraindications  </li></ul><ul><li>Acute painful conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Menstr...
Rest and relaxation <ul><li>Rest is total absence of work except the force of gravity. </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep is one of t...
Conclusion <ul><li>When exercise is done regularly following all precautions and done systematically, it is beneficial to ...
<ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Exercise (2)

481 views
384 views

Published on

by sriloy,bnys,S-VYASA

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
481
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • da
  • Exercise (2)

    1. 1. <ul><li>EXERCISE </li></ul><ul><li>BY….. </li></ul><ul><li>s3 </li></ul><ul><li>BNYS 2 ND SEM </li></ul>
    2. 2. <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>EXERCISE is the repeated rhythmic movements given to body parts to keep it healthy and develop the body parts. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Basic Principles of Nature Cure 8. Exercise or physical activity helps keep balance between nutrition and drainage
    4. 4. <ul><li>It could be any activity, which keeps body active like gardening, walking, games, sports, gym etc . </li></ul>
    5. 5. EXERCISE FREE WEIGHT TRAINING ACTIVE PASSIVE RESISTED ASSISTED
    6. 6. <ul><li>Free exercise – Rhythmic movements with no instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Active exercises are activity performed by person himself. Jumping , Jogging </li></ul><ul><li>Passive is done with the help of others.Paralysis, Therapeutics exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Resistive includes resistance given by others </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive includes assisting a person to do the exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Weight training- active person, done to muscles with weights- can also be used therapeutically </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>We should do exercise in open air. </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilated room near the window. </li></ul><ul><li>Early morning is best time. </li></ul><ul><li>Loose dressing, natural like cotton which absorbs the sweat </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Should be started with minimum speed. slowly accelerated, stopped with minimum speed. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper breathing should be followed </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalation during contraction. Exhalation during relaxation. Only through nose. </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Empty stomach i.e., 3 to 4 hours after food. </li></ul><ul><li>Bowel and bladder should be evacuated. </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate rest in between and after is must. </li></ul><ul><li>Bath after exercise is compulsory. </li></ul><ul><li>Water should not be taken in between exercises. </li></ul><ul><li>Food should not be taken during exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Very vigorous exercise should be avoided. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper timing should be followed. </li></ul><ul><li>Regularity of exercise gives better results. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Physiology <ul><li>There is an increase in metabolism due to </li></ul><ul><li>The increased demand for nutrition and oxygen. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of body temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate the metabolic waste produced </li></ul>
    11. 11. Stages (severity) of exercise <ul><li>According to physiology, there are 3 types of exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Mild: minimum or very little cardiovascular change. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Walking </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate: No exertion but moderate cardiovascular changes can seen. Ex: Jogging </li></ul><ul><li>Severe: Complete exertion Ex: Swimming, Rambha-Sambha Dance </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Blood volume </li></ul><ul><li>There is increased heat production during exercise which increases the body temperature. To compensate the body temperature sweating and fluid loss occurs resulting into decreased blood volume which is also due to vasodilatation in skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased blood volume results in loss of water through plasma. That’s why severe exercise can even cause dehydration. </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Cardiac output </li></ul><ul><li>5-6 liters of blood is pumped out of heart/min. </li></ul><ul><li>in moderate-20liters/min. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe exercise- 35 liters/min </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>cardiac output is directly proportional to oxygen consumption. This is due to increased heart rate and increased stroke volume </li></ul><ul><li>(70ml/contraction) </li></ul><ul><li>CO=HR x SV </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Effect on muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Venous return increased - Due to the muscle pump </li></ul><ul><li>Blood flow to the skeletal muscles is increased. At rest about 3 to 4 ml/100gm of muscle/per month. Moderate exercise-60-80ml. Severe exercise-90-120ml. </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Vasodilatation leads to relaxation of the muscles. </li></ul><ul><li>In the muscles end product of metabolism is lactic acid which is a stimulant for vasodilatation. </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Effect on respiration </li></ul><ul><li>During exercise there is increase in CO2 in blood </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the rate of respiration </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of CO2 is increased </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Effects on elimination </li></ul><ul><li>Skin - Sweating is improved </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney - Urine output is increased </li></ul><ul><li>Lungs – Carbon dioxide and other unwanted gases removed </li></ul><ul><li>GIT- Excretion of feces is increased due to proper assimilation and proper digestion. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Social set-up Types <ul><li>For individual groups exercise can be different </li></ul><ul><li>For Children - playing </li></ul><ul><li>For young people - sports and physical building exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>For adults and aged people - Gardening, brisk walking etc,.. </li></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>While prescribing an exercise, things to be considered are </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Ability </li></ul><ul><li>Need for the exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Dietary advice depending on age and necessity </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Benefits of Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>The body becomes light after exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>The body relaxes. </li></ul><ul><li>The capacity to do work increases. </li></ul><ul><li>The digestive power of the individual increases </li></ul><ul><li>There is fat depletion the muscles become strong and compact </li></ul><ul><li>The strength, power and endurance is increased. </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>Physical appearance is improved. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility and mobility of the body increases </li></ul><ul><li>The balance between elimination and nutrition is established </li></ul><ul><li>The cardiovascular efficiency is improved </li></ul><ul><li>The respiratory capacity of the individual is improved. </li></ul><ul><li>The body becomes fit and healthy </li></ul><ul><li>Proper blood circulation for various parts is established </li></ul>
    23. 23. Precaution to be taken befor exercise <ul><li>Wrong practice and procedure </li></ul><ul><li>For Ex: Weight training exercises should be done carefully and slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles should not be worked to fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Irregularity and discontinuation of exercises leads to problems </li></ul><ul><li>Not following the rules of exercise properly leads to disadvantages. </li></ul><ul><li>But when exercise are practiced properly and systematically and correctly, no exercise is harmful or disadvantageous. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Dangers of exercise <ul><li>Prolonged severe exercise can cause dehydration. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorrect methods like exercise soon after food, wrong atmosphere, wrong methods, malnourishment etc can be dangerous. </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>Contraindications </li></ul><ul><li>Acute painful conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Menstruation </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac patients </li></ul><ul><li>Acute illness </li></ul>
    26. 26. Rest and relaxation <ul><li>Rest is total absence of work except the force of gravity. </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep is one of the best ways to achieve rest. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in regeneration i.e. it is physiological rest and calmness of nervous system. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Conclusion <ul><li>When exercise is done regularly following all precautions and done systematically, it is beneficial to maintain a good physical and mental health. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise done without proper method and precautions by not giving proper dietary supplementation, can be harmful to the body. </li></ul><ul><li>One important aspect always forgotten during exercise is proper sleep, rest and relaxation during as well as after the exercise </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
    28. 28. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

    ×