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Enema

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by,sriloy,bnys,s-vyasa

by,sriloy,bnys,s-vyasa

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Transcript

  • 1. enema
    By
    s3
    BNYS(2ndsem)
    S-VYASA
  • 2. Contents…
    Introduction
    Definition
    Requirements
    Procedure
    Posture
    Operatives
    Types
    Precaution
    Indication
    Contraindication
  • 3. Introduction…
    An enema is the procedure of introducing liquids into the rectum and colon via the anus
    Enemas is carried out as treatment for medical conditions in Ayurveda as well as naturopathy
  • 4. History…
    Clyster is an archaic word for enema
    Clyster syringes were used from the 17thcentury to the 19th century
    After 19th century it is largely replaced by enema bulb syringes, bocks, and bags
    After a long time the enema bags and tubes are used
  • 5. Definition…
    Enema is a method of treatment in which liquid is introduced into the rectum and colon through the anus, then flushed out through the bowels
  • 6. Requirements…
    Standard enema tube
    Enema pot
    Rubber enema catheter
    Liquid
  • 7. Procedure…
    Lie down on a hard bed
    Buttocks should be higher then rest of the body
    The enema bag with water should be suspended from a nail at a height of 3feet from the body
    The nozzle should be introduced in the rectum
    Open the stop cork & allow water to flow inside rectum
    Ask the patient to walk briskly for 10 minutes and then evacuate
  • 8. Types…
    According to size
    According to temperature
    According to ingredients
  • 9. According to size
    Large enema (1µ)
    Small enema (1/2)
  • 10. According to temperature
    Cold water
    Neutral water
    Ice cold water
    Warm water
  • 11. According to ingredients
    Water enema
    Neem water enema
    Butter milk enema
    Coffee enema
    Rectal drug administration
  • 12. Coffee enemas
    In the controversial Garson therapy, coffee enemas are administered.
    These enemas are known to have caused three deaths in the United States
  • 13. Rectal drug administration
    An enema might be used to clean the colon of feces first to help increase the rate of absorption in rectal administration of dissolved drugs
  • 14. Precaution…
    Air bubbles should be removed
    Deep breathing should associate the entry of water
    Proper lubrication should be utilized
  • 15. Indication…
    Constipation
    Digestive disorder
    Diarrhea
    Obesity
    Warm infection
  • 16. Contraindication…
    Bleeding piles
    Acute inflammation of colon
    Ulcer
    Pregnancy
    Rectum malignancy
  • 17. Thank you