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Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
Diet and nutrition
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Diet and nutrition

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  • 1. Dietetics and nutrition<br />BY<br />S3<br />BNYS 2ND SEM<br />S-VYASA<br />
  • 2. CONTENTS…<br /><ul><li>INTRODUCTION
  • 3. DEFINITION
  • 4. CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD
  • 5. PROXIMATE PRINCIPLE
  • 6. DIETARY GUIDELINES
  • 7. FOOD PYRAMID
  • 8. DIETARY GOALS
  • 9. SATTVIC PERSONALITY & THEIR FOOD
  • 10. RAJASIC PERSONALITY & THEIR FOOD
  • 11. TAMASIC PERSONALITY & THEIR FOOD
  • 12. CONCLUSION
  • 13. REFERENCE</li></li></ul><li>INTRODUCTION…<br />Diet -maintenance of good health<br />The prevention and cure of disease<br />Primary source of energy<br />Provides the essential nutrients<br />Decides the strength & healthiness<br />The fifth basic principle of nature cure <br />
  • 14. DEFINITIONS<br />NUTRITION : It is said to be the utilization of the consumed food by the body<br />NUTRIENTS : Molecules present in the food, which helps in the nourishment of the body<br />DIET : It is the food prescribed according to the requirement of the body<br />
  • 15. CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD<br />Food is mainly classified into 3 types……..<br /> 1.Energy yielding<br /> 2.Body building<br /> 3.Protective<br />
  • 16. 1. Energy yielding food <br />Our ordinary diet<br />Rice , wheat , starchy vegetables ,cereals ,pulses ,nuts ,sugars & oils<br />Producing energy in the body<br />Supply energy & keep the body warm<br />Also called as the ‘Fuel –food’<br />
  • 17. Energy rich foods<br />
  • 18. 2. Body building food <br />To build the body and replace the worn-out tissues.<br />Milk and its products, meat, fish, and eggs<br />The other examples are legumes, dals, dried beans, peas and nuts<br />Cereals also contain some body-building nutrients.<br />
  • 19. Body building foods<br />
  • 20. 3. PROTECTIVE food<br />Provide large number of the protective substances <br />Natural foodstuffs contain one or more of these protective nutrients<br />Green vegetables, fresh fruits, milk, meat, fish , and eggs<br />Protective foodstuffs contain sufficient amounts of one or more of the protective nutrients so that a combination of them yields enough to maintain life<br />
  • 21. Protective foods<br />
  • 22. Carbo hydrates <br />Minerals<br />Fat <br />Protein<br />Iron<br />PROXIMATE PRINCIPLESValues given are per 100 gms of edible portion<br />
  • 23. Carbo hydrates <br />Fat<br />Minerals<br />Protein<br />Iron<br />
  • 24. PROXIMATE PRINCIPLES<br />Carbo hydrates <br />Fat <br />Minerals <br />Protein<br />Fibre<br />Iron<br />
  • 25.
  • 26. FOOD PYRAMID<br />10-15 gmsFATS & OILS<br />20-25 gms OF<br />SUGAR<br />60 gms OF<br />PULSES<br />300 ML OF<br />MILK & MP<br />300 TO 400 Gms OF VEGETABLES<br />100 Gms OF FRUITS<br />300 TO 400 GRAMS OF CEREALS<br />LIKE RICE, WHEAT, RAGI, JOVAR<br />
  • 27. Dietary guidelines<br />Green leafy vegetables, other vegetables and fruits should be used in plenty.<br />Cooking oils and animal foods-in moderation<br />Vanaspati/ghee/butter -use sparingly.<br />Over-eating should be avoided<br />Proper physical activity is essential<br />Salt should be used in moderation.<br />
  • 28. Cont….<br />Food consumed should be safe and clean<br />Healthy and positive food concepts and cooking practices should be adopted<br />Water should be taken in adequate amounts<br />Beverages should be consumed in moderation<br />Processed and ready-to-eat foods should be used judiciously <br />Sugar should be used sparingly<br />The elderly should eat a nutrient-rich diet <br />
  • 29. CONT…<br />Have whole grams which are the source of fibers<br />Use sprouts which are rich in vitamins<br />Use complex carbohydrates like wheat which adds for the fiber and calories of the body<br />Use the combination of PUFA and MUFA<br />Use unrefined oils and flours<br />
  • 30. Dietary goals<br />Maintain a state of positive health <br />Ensure adequate nutritional status for pregnant women and lactating mothers<br />Improve birth weights<br />Promote growth of infants, children<br />Achieve adequacy in all nutrients<br />Prevent nutrient deficiency diseases<br />Prevent chronic diet-related disorders.<br />Maintain the health of the elderly<br />Increase the life expectancy<br />
  • 31. diet also counts for the physical activity and mental status of an individual……<br />
  • 32. According to the food taken, individuals can be classified into…..<br />1. Tamasic<br /> 2. Rajasic<br /> 3.sattvic<br />
  • 33. SATTVIC PERSONALITY<br />People who follow the sattvic way of eating <br />Clear-minded<br />Balanced<br />Spiritually aware<br />They avoid alcohol, stimulants like tea, coffee, tobacco and non-vegetarian food<br />Selfless<br />
  • 34. SATTVIC FOOD<br />Sattvic food is always freshly cooked and simple, juicy<br />It is light, nourishing, sweet and tasty<br />It increases the energy of the mind and produces cheerfulness, serenity and mental clarity<br />Sattvicfood is highly conducive to good health<br />Milk, butter, ghee (clarified butter), almonds, dates, moong (green gram) sprouts, barley, wheat, cereals, fresh vegetables and fruits<br />The spices- turmeric, ginger, cinnamon, coriander, fennel (saunf) and cardamom <br />
  • 35. RAJASIC PERSONALITY<br />Greedy, jealousy, angry, fantasy, egoistic and irreligious <br />Interested in the four P's - power, prestige, position and prosperity <br />They are go-getters and know how to enjoy life<br />The rajasic man always plans to satisfy his palate <br />The palate remains unsatisfied until the stomach is completely filled with pungent things and till the tongue is burnt with chillies.<br />
  • 36. RAJASIC FOOD<br />This is food that is fresh but heavy<br />It includes non-vegetarian food meat, fish, eggs, and chicken <br />All whole pulses and dals (not sprouted)<br />Hot spices like chillies, pepper<br />Vegetables including onion and garlic<br />It benefits those who believe in action and aggression in a positive way such as business persons, politicians, and athletes<br />Rajasic foods are bitter, sour, salty, pungent, hot and dry<br />Tea, coffee, betel leaves, tobacco are rajasic articles of food<br />
  • 37. Tamasic personality<br />Tamas brings about stagnation <br />Such individuals suffer from intense mood swings<br />Insecurity, desires, and cravings <br />Unable to deal with others in a balanced way<br />Self-centered<br />Their nervous system and heart do not function optimally <br />Aging is fast<br />They usually suffer from conditions like cancer, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, and chronic fatigue<br />
  • 38. TAMASIC FOOD<br />This includes foods that are not fresh, impure, stale<br />Overcooked and processed <br />Foods made from refined flour (maida), pastries, pizzas, burgers, soft drinks,tea, coffee, tobaco,alcohol<br />Canned and preserved foods like jams, pickles and fried foods<br />Sweets made from sugar, ice creams, puddings <br />All spicy, salty, sweet and fatty foods <br />Beef, fish, eggs, wine, garlic, onions and tobacco are tamasic foodstuffs.<br />
  • 39.
  • 40. conclusion<br />EAT TO LIVE BUT DON’T LIVE TO EAT<br />THE FOOD WE EAT DECIDES OUR PHYSICAL AND MENTAL STATUS<br />WE ARE WHAT WE EAT<br />“YOUR FOOD SHALL BE YOUR MEDICINE”<br /> -HIPPOCRATES<br />
  • 41. One who eats……<br />One time yogi<br />Two times bhogi<br />Three times rogi<br />Four times no more<br />
  • 42. REFERENCES…<br />www.wikipedia.com<br />Nature cure <br /> By Bhakru<br />Tamasic, Rajasic, Sattvic Diet<br /> By Dr.H.RNagendra<br />
  • 43. Thank you<br />

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