SAVE & GROW: Sustainable Rice Intensification and Ecosystem Literacy training for rice farmers in Asia
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

SAVE & GROW: Sustainable Rice Intensification and Ecosystem Literacy training for rice farmers in Asia



Mr. Jan Willem Ketelaar,

Mr. Jan Willem Ketelaar,
Chief Technical Advisor, FAO Asia IPM Programme, FAO-RAP Bangkok, Thailand



Total Views
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    SAVE & GROW: Sustainable Rice Intensification and Ecosystem Literacy training for rice farmers in Asia SAVE & GROW: Sustainable Rice Intensification and Ecosystem Literacy training for rice farmers in Asia Presentation Transcript

    • Save and Grow Sustainable Intensification of Crop Production EC-AIT-Inception and Planning Workshop AIT, Bangkok 9 April 2013
    • 1 billion… … hungry .. obese …tons/year wasted!
    • 4 Challenges to food security • Chronically hungry: 870 million in 2012 • Global population of over 9 billion by 2050 – 70-100% increase food production by 2050 • Declining water & land per caput (4.3 ha (1961) to 1.6 ha (2050)) • Lower productivity growth & production stress from climate change • Rapid urbanization & change in consumption patterns
    • Challenges to food security • Increase intensification of production – 80% from land already under cultivation • Green Revolution – Major gains but… – Not sustainable or sufficient • Challenge: How to intensify crop production and do this in a sustainable manner?
    • 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 2025 2027 2029 2031 2033 2035 Asia Africa Americas Rest of world Million tons milled rice 2010 global rice production Additional rice needed: 114 million tons by 2035 Global rice production increases needed to meet demand by 2035 (Source: IRRI)
    • Green Revolution Slows (Source: IRRI) : Global Rice Yield (1961-2010) © WPQ Average yield (t ha-1) Average yearly increase over previous 10 years (kg ha-1) 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015 Year 0 40 80 120 160 200
    • The Way to Go: Save and Grow • In Asian rice production: – Land is moving out – Labor is moving out – Water is moving out • Major changes in crop production/protection practices and increases in efficiency needed! • In order for rice production to grow, farmers will need to learn how to save!
    • Unsprayed (A) Sprayed (B) Source:
    • IRRI Planthopper outbreaks have occurred at an unprecedented frequency since ca. 2002 (Source: IRRI/Horgan)
    • Sustainable Intensification of Crop Production Ecosystem approach • external inputs complement natural processes and ecosystem services: – natural biological control – improve soil fertility & H2O holding capacity – nutrient cycles and better up-take – pollination Sustainable agricultural systems: Ecosystem-literacy training for smallholder farmers is vital!
    • Save and Grow Four underlying principles 1. enhancing productivity and profitability 2. increased resource use efficiency 3. ecological sustainability 4. climate-smart, enhancing resilience Management practices and technologies 1. Conservation agriculture 2. Integrated Pest Management 3. Fertilizers & Integrated Nutrient Management 4. Improved crop varieties 5. Water Saving methods 6. Crop Diversification and Rotations
    • 14 Conservation Agriculture Minimum tillage => Permanent Soil Cover  Eliminates erosion, improves degraded soils  Increases soil organic matter and structure  Reduces water + fertilizer needs by 30%  Pesticide use reduced by 20%
    • 15 Conservation Agriculture Climate change mitigation Reduces green house gas emissions  reduced energy needs by 60%  more efficient use of inputs (N2O, CH4) Sequesters carbon – 200 Kg/ha/year
    • 16 Integrated Pest Management Improved control of pests and diseases with reduced use of pesticides Promotes:  Healthy environment  Effective ecosystem services  Stable and high yields  Higher profits for farmers  Food safety
    • Rice Integrated Pest Management: • Conservation of Natural Biological Control • No need for Insecticides • Growing a healthy crop • Regular field scouting for informed management • Farmers as IPM Experts! Source: IRRI Images
    • Fertilizers • 50% of increased food production • Price increase 2-3 fold since 2006 Integrated Nutrient Management – what when and how much to apply Source: IRRI Images
    • 19 Rice production •500,000 farmers in Bangladesh • 60% reduction in the amount used • reduced pollution and gas emissions (N2O) • 25% yield increases Urea Deep Placement Technology Photo: IFDC Photography
    • 20 Improved crop varieties • 50% of yield increases due to improved varieties • more efficient use of water, fertilizer • tolerant to drought, flooding, higher temperatures and pests
    • Water is Essential cannot produce food without water but we can produce food with less water
    • Water is Essential “more crop per drop” More efficient use • Improve existing irrigation structures and management • Adopt more efficient technologies • Water harvesting • System of Rice Intensification: alternate wet and dry water regimes or keeping soil preferably moist during vegetative stage
    • According to IRRI - without reducing yields, use of SRI: • reduces water consumption by 30% • reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 25-50% “Rice is so important across the whole of Asia that if one could implement this technology in many different places, you could have significant reduction in methane production.” Campbell, coordinator CGIAR Climate Change Research Task Force Save and Grow: System of Rice Intensification In Vietnam summer crop 2011, SRI was applied on 185,065 hectares in 22 provinces by over 1,070,384 farmers (69% female) In Cambodia as of 2011, SRI was applied on 24,293 hectares in 13 provinces by about 75,395 farmers
    • Paddy fields in East Java, hit by both brown planthopper (BPH) and tropical storm damage in June 2011 New variety (Ciherang) with fertilizer & agrochemical protection – no yield Traditional variety (Sintanur) with organic SRI management – 8 t/ha yield
    • Crop diversification: growing potatoes after rice Optimizing the use of remaining moisture in the rice field - and the practice of mulching - reduced irrigation from 5,000 cubic meters of water to 900 cubic meters per hectare Cultivation using minimum tillage potato IPM has the potential to reduce labor costs by 45% compared to the conventional method Profits from growing potatoes increased by 60 to 73% Save and Grow: Minimum Tillage Potato in Vietnam
    • 26 Maximizing the benefits of more efficient production 30-40% of food produced is lost or wasted • primarily at farm level in developing countries • improved food security, increased income – better nutrition and stability The use of metal silos to store grain and maize can reduce post-harvest losses.
    • Farmers Field School “School without walls”, farmers learn about crop ecology and pest management in the field; Season-long, from seed to harvest, 25-30 farmers; Aim to help farmers adopt IPM, grow healthy crops and produce more & safer food with less inputs of agro-chemicals
    • Farmer Field Schools Farmers acquire: –Observation skills –Analytical skills –Decision-making skills FFS are particularly suited for learning complex management skills, like natural resource management, diversifying production and accessing markets to increase rural incomes (Swanson and Rajalahti, World Bank, 2010).
    • KASAKALIKASAN The Philippine National IPM Programme Trends in Insecticide Use and Frequency of Application in Major Rice Producing Provinces in Central & Southern Luzon, Philippines, 1966 - 2007 (Source: J. Binamira based on Rola & Pingali, 1993; Mataia, Jamora, Maya & Dawe, 2009; Warburton, Palis & Pingali, 1995; Dawe, 2006; IRRI,2007) Ecosystem Services for Sustainable Intensification of Crop Production (SICP)
    • Conservation and Utilization of Ecosystem Services for Sustainable Intensification of Rice Production (1994-2007) KASAKALIKASAN The Philippine National IPM Programme Spray frequency & insecticide a.i./ha < 70% Increase Yield/ha >12% Reduction Yield variability across seasons <15% National Increase National Rice production: >60% 10.5 MMT (1994) to 16.8 MMT (2007) (Source: Rola & Pingali, 1993; Mataia, Jamora, Maya & Dawe, 2009; Warburton, Palis & Pingali, 1995; Dawe, 2006; IRRI, 2007)
    • 31 The way forward • We can produce the food needed by 2050 in a sustainable manner • No silver bullet solutions – approaches need to be tailored to individual country needs. • Increasing production alone is not sufficient – Innovation & investment along the food value chain is required. • Sustainable production is knowledge intensive – investments in agricultural research, development and capacity building for ecosystem-literacy training are essential. • Today’s rural youth will be the farmers of tomorrow: Include discovery-based field training on ecology and exploring agro-biodiversity in formal school curriculum!
    • More Information: • “Save and Grow: A Policymaker’s Guide to the Sustainable Intensification of Smallholder Crop Production”, published by the FAO Plant Production & Protection Division, FAO-HQ, Rome, Italy, June 2011 grow/ • Oxfam (2011): Growing a Better Future • FAO and IPM/Farmers Field Schools in Asia