Reflection on Key Points from Inception Workshop


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Ms. AlmaLinda Abubakar, Programme Development Officer, FAO IPM Programme

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Reflection on Key Points from Inception Workshop

  1. 1. Reflection on Key Points from Inception Workshop Inception and Planning Workshop AIT-EU-SRI LMB Project 10 April 2013
  2. 2. Highlights of presentations AIT, the Center of Excellence on Sustainable Development in the Context of Climate Change, and the Asian Center of Innovation for Sustainable Agriculture Intensification (ACISAI) AIT strives to become a leading and a unique regional multicultural institution of higher learning offering state of the art education, research and training in technology, management and social development - in the region and beyond Strategic principles of AIT research strategy (2012- 2016): research focus; research quality; quality collaboration in research; and research resource mobilization
  3. 3. Highlights of presentations SDCC thematic areas (and sub-thematic areas): Disaster Risk Management; Sustainable Land and Water Resource Management; business and innovation models for a green economy; urban and rural quality of life and sustainability; low carbon sustainable production and consumption technologies and management --- working with governments, donors, other partner organizations AIT-EU-SRI LMB Project aims to intensify rice production through activities on sustainable agriculture intensification that will be implemented in partnership with various stakeholders. Also mentioned was the need for a new approach required to intensify production sustainably and how ACISAI is well-placed to assist in designing innovative approaches
  4. 4. Highlights of presentations Prof. Norman Uphoff…on a global perspective of intensification in relation to food security and climate changes adaptation: need to change the concepts and practices of “intensification” major paradigm shift from an egocentric to a heliocentric orientation appreciating power and productivity of natural systems which gives rise to the processes and potentials of biology SRI – work in progress; continuous farmer innovation; ideas not technology; menu not recipe; mobilizes biological protentials and processes rather than depending on costly inputs; farmer and environment friendly; promoting life in the soil – a life that can feed humankind
  5. 5. Dr. Rosa Rolle… on management of food losses and waste for food security in the Asia-Pacific: FAO’s SAVE FOOD AP Initiative Forces shape the region’s food system that have a negative impact on food and nutrition security – and the environment (due to energy, biodiversity, water, soil and other resources embedded in food that is not consumed) Strategies to address hunger and food insecurity - increase food productivity using existing land and also address issue of reducing food losses and waste Save Food A-P Campaign in collaboration with AIT to raise public awareness on food losses and waste and impact on food security and hunger; advocate for reduction toward eradicating extreme poverty and hunger
  6. 6. Dr. Amir Kassam…on looking at Conservation Agriculture thru the lens of sustainable production intensification Institutions re-aligning and individuals responding to a fundamental transformation of agriculture systems towards sustainable intensification and conservation agriculture FAO’s Save & Grow response to SPI - no single overall solution but all productivity solutions need to be based on ecologically sustainable production intensification Ecological foundations of sustainable agriculture production: minimum soil disturbance; soil cover; crop diversity - enhance biology of soil + complementary crop, nutrient, water and pest management = CA Impacts of CA - opens the way for diversified and integrated production
  7. 7. Mr. Jan Willem Ketelaar on…SAVE & GROW: Sustainable Rice Intensification and Ecosystem Literacy training for rice farmers in Asia Small farmers as managers of about 80% of agriculture production Ecosystem literacy training for smallholder farmers is vital (to manage agricultural systems sustainably) Sustainable production is knowledge intensive --- FARMERS HAVE A RIGHT TO EDUCATION Today’s youth will be tomorrow’s farmers Enhancing productivity and profitability; increased resource use efficiency; ecological sustainability and climate-smart; enhancing resilience Contributed by management practices and technologies including Conservation Agriculture, SRI, etc.
  8. 8. Dr. Michael Loevisohn on… the role and relevance of Monitoring Evaluation and Impact study in farmers’ participatory action research Farmers need diversified options that can be tested locally Programmes ignore farmers innovation at their peril (innovation has not stopped) Who should M&E serve? Action Research Cycle linked spirals - ALC What should responsive M&E look like? – accurate, meaningful, critical involvement and reponsive relationship What does M&E look like in our initiative? – what are farmers doing with what they learned? To what extent do practices offer resistance/resilience in face of shocks?
  9. 9. Dr. Brian Lund on… the role and relevance of policy towards SRI in the Mekong River Basin countries Looking at whole environment (including the changing demography, competition for scarce resources, access to knowledge and information, national economic strategy, climate change) --- Do we want to keep farmers where they are? Recognizing that smallholder farmers as part of the system Different actors (e.g., private sector); different layers (e.g., national, regional, etc.) – difficulty of explaining ...
  10. 10. CHANGING CONDITIONS FOR AGRICULTURE Growing population Increasing costs of energy and chemicals Increasing urbanization and ageing of rural communities Declining land resources and reducing amounts and reliability of water Threats of climate change Population growth and rising living standards Rising energy prices and declining farm incomes Increasing urbanization and changing dietary habits Declining land resources and growing scarcity of water resources Threats of climate change Rising food prices High levels of food losses and growing problem of food waste FORCES SHAPING THE REGION’S FOOD SYSTEM
  11. 11. DRIVERS FOR CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE Erosion Loss of biodiversity Drought Loss of productivity Increasing demand for Sustainable Production Intensification WHAT IS THE NEXT BATTLE???
  12. 12. Researchers/ Scientists Extension Service/ NGOs Farmers & Farming Communities Farmers, Extension and Scientists as partners in sustainable development
  13. 13. Farmer Development Steps Dependent Farmer Group Farmer FFS Farmer Interdependent Farmer •solves his problems wherever possible •actively generates, adapts and extends innovations •links well with other farmers •learns to observe, analyze and decide •experiments with new ideas •learns from own experience •exchanges views and experience •participates in group activities •follows instruction •adopts technologies Research Innovations
  14. 14. Facilitator Development Steps Extension Worker Non-formal Extensionist FFS Facilitator Farmers’ Group Facilitator •follows-up field school graduates •coordinates inter- group activities •encourages farming community activities •encourages group learning activities •uses non-formal training techniques •teaches farmers Training •uses experiential learning methods •facilitates farmer field experimentation and ecological analysis •gives holistic education in sustainable production intensification
  15. 15. WORK IN PROGRESS Continuous farmer innovation – learning, modification and further expansion Spreading exponentially world wide and is farmer driven
  16. 16. Farmer Field School: Empowering farmers and communities through knowledge Concrete Experience Observation and Reflection Generalisation & Abstract Conceptualisation Active Experimentation
  17. 17. IMPORTANCE GIVEN TO THE SOIL Norman: Putting the soil system mgt back in the center of practice Ecological foundations of sustainable agriculture production: minimum soil disturbance; soil cover; crop diversity - enhance biology of soil + complementary crop, nutrient, water and pest management = CA Promoting life in the soil (activity and diversity of soil organisms) – a life that can feed humankind INPUT-USE EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTION FACTOR PRODUCTIVITIES Norman: What kind of intensification is it? New intensification: more output with reduced inputs Output intensification not input intensification
  18. 18. WORKING WITH NATURE AND AN ECOSYSTEM PERSPECTIVE Norman/Jan: Exploring what nature has evolved and considering the markets Heliocentric orientation appreciating power and productivity of natural systems which gives rise to the processes and potentials of biology Input use efficiency/production factors productivities simultaneously with building farming ecosystem/biodiversity services/system resilience SCIENCE AND THINKING… Norman: Microbiological dimension? How do we apply this in FFS? Implications for curriculum development…
  19. 19. IMPACTS SRI: more than just yields; water saving; resistance to climate stresses (biotic and abiotic stresses; cold temperatures), pests and diseases; reduction in cost of production; increase in income; environmentally friendly (reduction in GHG emissions); prevents lodging CA: increased yields, production, profit; less fertilizer use; less pesticides; less machinery and labor/drudgery and fuel consumption; less water needs; more stable yields; lower impact of threats of CC (adaptability/mitigation/C sequestration); lower environmental cost (water, infrastructure) More of the same? What is the added value of working together (AIT-Oxfam-IDS-FAO)
  20. 20. Programme Development Steps Project-led FFS Alumni/Post FFS Autonomous FFS Networks • community development activities • inter-group activities and networking • self-promoting movement (scaling-up phase ) • self-financed, autonomous groups • continuous, planned knowledge generation • farming systems approach •tools testing •quality system Farmer-led Development Government Policies • regular, continuing group meetings • cropping approach • water management • exchanges among members