Final Nrega Ppt


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Final Nrega Ppt

  1. 1. NREGA Group 10 Ravi Shanker 280/45 Rahul Meena 276/45 Srikanth Kolli 208/45 Krishnenthu Raja 222/45 National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
  2. 3. Wage Employment Programs Historical Perspective <ul><ul><li>Maharashtra Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortage of funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of right planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of local focus </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) “ Act of the people, by the people, and for the people”
  4. 5. NREGA - Overview Salient Features <ul><ul><li>Employment to all those who are willing to work (100 days) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlimited supply of funds for this project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free registration with a job guarantee within 15 days of application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At least 1/3 rd of the employees must be women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed minimum wage rate and no upper limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weekly disbursement of wages and delays not beyond a fortnight </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Objective of NREGA Unemployment Sustained Development <ul><ul><li>Enhancement of livelihood security of households </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrest rural migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create rural assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create livelihood resource base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restore environment </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Expectations from NREGA <ul><li>Process Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen grass root processes of democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Infuse transparency and accountability </li></ul><ul><li>in governance </li></ul><ul><li>Auxiliary </li></ul><ul><li>Regenerate natural resource base </li></ul><ul><li>of rural livelihood for sustainable </li></ul><ul><li>development </li></ul><ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Supplement employment opportunities </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><ul><li>NREGA COVERAGE (1st Nationwide employment scheme ) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. State and Local Govt. Roles and Responsibilities
  9. 10. State and Local Government State Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (REGS) <ul><ul><li>25 per cent of the cost of material and wages for semi-skilled/ skilled workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment allowance if the state is unable to provide employment within 15 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative expenses of the State Employment Guarantee Council </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Other Institutions
  11. 12. Funds
  12. 13. Funds NREGA ‘09 Budget Allocation -39,000 Cr. <ul><ul><li>Central Govt. provides only 75% of the material costs, promoting labour intensive works in NREGA </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Components of Expenditure <ul><ul><li>Material Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tamilnadu and Mizoram have achieved almost Zero expense on material </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Orissa has high Material expenses owing to “royalties” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expenditure on Wages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative expenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nagaland and Gujarat have high administrative expenses </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. A Snapshot for 07-08
  15. 16. Progress Report
  16. 17. Implementation & Effectiveness of NREGA 144 Crore person-days of employment 34 Mn Households benefited <ul><li>Improved – ‘employment per rural household’, share of women in workforce, expenditure per district, share of wages in total expenditure </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased % of ST’s benefiting from NREGA </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in daily wages by whopping 15% </li></ul><ul><li>Improved utilization of funds from 73% to 80% </li></ul>
  17. 18. State wise performance
  18. 20. State wise performance Leaders Laggards <ul><ul><li>Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Account for more than half of the total employment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haryana and Uttarakhand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Women workforce </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Punjab and West Bengal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perform worse than previous years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punjab, Bihar and HP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 33% women workforce </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 21. Participation of Women WOMEN 43% <ul><li>Tamil Nadu (82%) </li></ul><ul><li>Rajasthan (69%) </li></ul><ul><li>Kerala (67%) </li></ul><ul><li>Andhra Pradesh (56%) </li></ul><ul><li>Karnataka (52%) </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat (49%) </li></ul><ul><li>UP (15%) </li></ul><ul><li>J&K(1%) </li></ul>At least 1/3rd of the beneficiaries shall be women who have registered and requested for work under the Scheme (NREGA ACT, Schedule II, Section 6) Year-2007-08
  20. 22. Regenerating Natural Resource Base of Rural Livelihood
  21. 23. Community Building Building Rural India
  22. 25. Field Visit To Block Office <ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3000 beneficiaries in 2009 out of 30,000 bpl households </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10% women < state average of 17% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All projects are on rural connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rs 80 a day as base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central role of Gram Panchayat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unlimited funds, yet Delays in wage checks and Job cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No record of measuring asset creation </li></ul></ul>
  23. 26. Case : NREGA in Kerala
  24. 27. NREGA in Kerala <ul><li>Highest literacy rate (90.86) </li></ul><ul><li>Very high rate of unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Tendency to link literacy to employment (myth) </li></ul><ul><li>First implemented on 5 th Feb 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Only in 4 districts (Palakkad, Waynad, Idukki and Kasargod) </li></ul><ul><li>These districts had very low unemployment rate </li></ul>
  25. 28. Major features <ul><li>Popularity of Trade Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Village Panchayats played the pivotal role with the help of technical staffs </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness of ‘ Kudumbasree ’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized into Neighborhood group (NHG)  Area Development Society (ADS)  Community Development Society (CDS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ADS played a pivotal part in NREGA </li></ul></ul>
  26. 29. Major features <ul><li>Focus on eco-restoration works </li></ul><ul><li>Wages are paid directly to individual bank accounts </li></ul>
  27. 30. Problems <ul><li>Lag in the implementation (only 4/14 districts) </li></ul>
  28. 31. Problems <ul><li>Minimal participation from SC’s and ST’s </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One of the lowest </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 32. Achievements <ul><li>Major progresses after 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Total corruption free implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panchayats took the responsibility seriously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implemented the programme very fast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness of Kudumbasree system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community of poor people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a feeling of unity among them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doing work for their localities created an urgency </li></ul></ul>
  30. 33. Achievements <ul><li>Participation of women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped to empower women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participated in important decisions of her family and society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal wage for men and women </li></ul></ul>
  31. 34. Achievements <ul><li>Participation of women in NREGA </li></ul>
  32. 35. Achievements <ul><li>Public works done by local peoples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased urgency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Importance given to natural resource management and environment protection </li></ul><ul><li>Setup of Labour Banks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop skills of the workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panchayats to teach Panchayats </li></ul></ul>
  33. 36. Way Ahead
  34. 37. Way Ahead <ul><ul><li>NREGA is here to stay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor the programme effectively </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Village level resource planning and development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other development programs like Bharat Nirman should sync with NREGA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From quantitative employment generation to sustainable development through asset building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper election and training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More power to Panchayat Raj </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 38. Thank You