Final Nrega Ppt
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • a very well attempt and great matter which has helped me alot
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • good
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • Really Best
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • one of the best source for improvement.....................
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
  • good but .......not complete
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
21,259
On Slideshare
21,229
From Embeds
30
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
1,479
Comments
6
Likes
9

Embeds 30

http://www.slideshare.net 30

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. NREGA Group 10 Ravi Shanker 280/45 Rahul Meena 276/45 Srikanth Kolli 208/45 Krishnenthu Raja 222/45 National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
  • 2.  
  • 3. Wage Employment Programs Historical Perspective
      • Maharashtra Model
      • Bureaucracy
      • Shortage of funds
      • Lack of right planning
      • Lack of local focus
  • 4. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) “ Act of the people, by the people, and for the people”
  • 5. NREGA - Overview Salient Features
      • Employment to all those who are willing to work (100 days)
      • Unlimited supply of funds for this project
      • Free registration with a job guarantee within 15 days of application
      • At least 1/3 rd of the employees must be women
      • Fixed minimum wage rate and no upper limit
      • Weekly disbursement of wages and delays not beyond a fortnight
  • 6. Objective of NREGA Unemployment Sustained Development
      • Enhancement of livelihood security of households
      • Arrest rural migration
      • Create rural assets
      • Create livelihood resource base
      • Restore environment
  • 7. Expectations from NREGA
    • Process Outcomes
    • Strengthen grass root processes of democracy
    • Infuse transparency and accountability
    • in governance
    • Auxiliary
    • Regenerate natural resource base
    • of rural livelihood for sustainable
    • development
    • Primary
    • Supplement employment opportunities
  • 8.
      • NREGA COVERAGE (1st Nationwide employment scheme )
  • 9. State and Local Govt. Roles and Responsibilities
  • 10. State and Local Government State Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (REGS)
      • 25 per cent of the cost of material and wages for semi-skilled/ skilled workers
      • Unemployment allowance if the state is unable to provide employment within 15 days
      • Administrative expenses of the State Employment Guarantee Council
  • 11. Other Institutions
  • 12. Funds
  • 13. Funds NREGA ‘09 Budget Allocation -39,000 Cr.
      • Central Govt. provides only 75% of the material costs, promoting labour intensive works in NREGA
  • 14. Components of Expenditure
      • Material Cost
        • Tamilnadu and Mizoram have achieved almost Zero expense on material
        • Orissa has high Material expenses owing to “royalties”
      • Expenditure on Wages
      • Administrative expenses
        • Nagaland and Gujarat have high administrative expenses
  • 15. A Snapshot for 07-08
  • 16. Progress Report
  • 17. Implementation & Effectiveness of NREGA 144 Crore person-days of employment 34 Mn Households benefited
    • Improved – ‘employment per rural household’, share of women in workforce, expenditure per district, share of wages in total expenditure
    • Decreased % of ST’s benefiting from NREGA
    • Increase in daily wages by whopping 15%
    • Improved utilization of funds from 73% to 80%
  • 18. State wise performance
  • 19.  
  • 20. State wise performance Leaders Laggards
      • Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
        • Account for more than half of the total employment
      • Haryana and Uttarakhand
        • Improved Women workforce
      • Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Punjab and West Bengal
        • Perform worse than previous years
      • Punjab, Bihar and HP
        • Less than 33% women workforce
  • 21. Participation of Women WOMEN 43%
    • Tamil Nadu (82%)
    • Rajasthan (69%)
    • Kerala (67%)
    • Andhra Pradesh (56%)
    • Karnataka (52%)
    • Gujarat (49%)
    • UP (15%)
    • J&K(1%)
    At least 1/3rd of the beneficiaries shall be women who have registered and requested for work under the Scheme (NREGA ACT, Schedule II, Section 6) Year-2007-08
  • 22. Regenerating Natural Resource Base of Rural Livelihood
  • 23. Community Building Building Rural India
  • 24.  
  • 25. Field Visit To Block Office
      • Facts
      • 3000 beneficiaries in 2009 out of 30,000 bpl households
      • 10% women < state average of 17%
      • All projects are on rural connectivity
      • Rs 80 a day as base
      • Observations
      • Central role of Gram Panchayat
      • Unlimited funds, yet Delays in wage checks and Job cards
      • No record of measuring asset creation
  • 26. Case : NREGA in Kerala
  • 27. NREGA in Kerala
    • Highest literacy rate (90.86)
    • Very high rate of unemployment
    • Tendency to link literacy to employment (myth)
    • First implemented on 5 th Feb 2006
    • Only in 4 districts (Palakkad, Waynad, Idukki and Kasargod)
    • These districts had very low unemployment rate
  • 28. Major features
    • Popularity of Trade Unions
    • Village Panchayats played the pivotal role with the help of technical staffs
    • Effectiveness of ‘ Kudumbasree ’
      • Organized into Neighborhood group (NHG)  Area Development Society (ADS)  Community Development Society (CDS)
      • ADS played a pivotal part in NREGA
  • 29. Major features
    • Focus on eco-restoration works
    • Wages are paid directly to individual bank accounts
  • 30. Problems
    • Lag in the implementation (only 4/14 districts)
  • 31. Problems
    • Minimal participation from SC’s and ST’s
        • One of the lowest
  • 32. Achievements
    • Major progresses after 2007
    • Total corruption free implementation
      • Panchayats took the responsibility seriously
      • Implemented the programme very fast
    • Effectiveness of Kudumbasree system
      • Community of poor people
      • Created a feeling of unity among them
      • Doing work for their localities created an urgency
  • 33. Achievements
    • Participation of women
      • Helped to empower women
      • Participated in important decisions of her family and society
      • Equal wage for men and women
  • 34. Achievements
    • Participation of women in NREGA
  • 35. Achievements
    • Public works done by local peoples
      • Reduced corruption
      • Increased urgency
    • Importance given to natural resource management and environment protection
    • Setup of Labour Banks
      • Develop skills of the workers
      • Panchayats to teach Panchayats
  • 36. Way Ahead
  • 37. Way Ahead
      • NREGA is here to stay
        • Monitor the programme effectively
        • Village level resource planning and development
        • Other development programs like Bharat Nirman should sync with NREGA
        • From quantitative employment generation to sustainable development through asset building
      • Representatives
        • Proper election and training
        • More power to Panchayat Raj
  • 38. Thank You