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Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
Final Nrega Ppt
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Final Nrega Ppt

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  • 1. NREGA Group 10 Ravi Shanker 280/45 Rahul Meena 276/45 Srikanth Kolli 208/45 Krishnenthu Raja 222/45 National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
  • 2.  
  • 3. Wage Employment Programs Historical Perspective
      • Maharashtra Model
      • Bureaucracy
      • Shortage of funds
      • Lack of right planning
      • Lack of local focus
  • 4. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) “ Act of the people, by the people, and for the people”
  • 5. NREGA - Overview Salient Features
      • Employment to all those who are willing to work (100 days)
      • Unlimited supply of funds for this project
      • Free registration with a job guarantee within 15 days of application
      • At least 1/3 rd of the employees must be women
      • Fixed minimum wage rate and no upper limit
      • Weekly disbursement of wages and delays not beyond a fortnight
  • 6. Objective of NREGA Unemployment Sustained Development
      • Enhancement of livelihood security of households
      • Arrest rural migration
      • Create rural assets
      • Create livelihood resource base
      • Restore environment
  • 7. Expectations from NREGA
    • Process Outcomes
    • Strengthen grass root processes of democracy
    • Infuse transparency and accountability
    • in governance
    • Auxiliary
    • Regenerate natural resource base
    • of rural livelihood for sustainable
    • development
    • Primary
    • Supplement employment opportunities
  • 8.
      • NREGA COVERAGE (1st Nationwide employment scheme )
  • 9. State and Local Govt. Roles and Responsibilities
  • 10. State and Local Government State Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (REGS)
      • 25 per cent of the cost of material and wages for semi-skilled/ skilled workers
      • Unemployment allowance if the state is unable to provide employment within 15 days
      • Administrative expenses of the State Employment Guarantee Council
  • 11. Other Institutions
  • 12. Funds
  • 13. Funds NREGA ‘09 Budget Allocation -39,000 Cr.
      • Central Govt. provides only 75% of the material costs, promoting labour intensive works in NREGA
  • 14. Components of Expenditure
      • Material Cost
        • Tamilnadu and Mizoram have achieved almost Zero expense on material
        • Orissa has high Material expenses owing to “royalties”
      • Expenditure on Wages
      • Administrative expenses
        • Nagaland and Gujarat have high administrative expenses
  • 15. A Snapshot for 07-08
  • 16. Progress Report
  • 17. Implementation & Effectiveness of NREGA 144 Crore person-days of employment 34 Mn Households benefited
    • Improved – ‘employment per rural household’, share of women in workforce, expenditure per district, share of wages in total expenditure
    • Decreased % of ST’s benefiting from NREGA
    • Increase in daily wages by whopping 15%
    • Improved utilization of funds from 73% to 80%
  • 18. State wise performance
  • 19.  
  • 20. State wise performance Leaders Laggards
      • Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
        • Account for more than half of the total employment
      • Haryana and Uttarakhand
        • Improved Women workforce
      • Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Punjab and West Bengal
        • Perform worse than previous years
      • Punjab, Bihar and HP
        • Less than 33% women workforce
  • 21. Participation of Women WOMEN 43%
    • Tamil Nadu (82%)
    • Rajasthan (69%)
    • Kerala (67%)
    • Andhra Pradesh (56%)
    • Karnataka (52%)
    • Gujarat (49%)
    • UP (15%)
    • J&K(1%)
    At least 1/3rd of the beneficiaries shall be women who have registered and requested for work under the Scheme (NREGA ACT, Schedule II, Section 6) Year-2007-08
  • 22. Regenerating Natural Resource Base of Rural Livelihood
  • 23. Community Building Building Rural India
  • 24.  
  • 25. Field Visit To Block Office
      • Facts
      • 3000 beneficiaries in 2009 out of 30,000 bpl households
      • 10% women < state average of 17%
      • All projects are on rural connectivity
      • Rs 80 a day as base
      • Observations
      • Central role of Gram Panchayat
      • Unlimited funds, yet Delays in wage checks and Job cards
      • No record of measuring asset creation
  • 26. Case : NREGA in Kerala
  • 27. NREGA in Kerala
    • Highest literacy rate (90.86)
    • Very high rate of unemployment
    • Tendency to link literacy to employment (myth)
    • First implemented on 5 th Feb 2006
    • Only in 4 districts (Palakkad, Waynad, Idukki and Kasargod)
    • These districts had very low unemployment rate
  • 28. Major features
    • Popularity of Trade Unions
    • Village Panchayats played the pivotal role with the help of technical staffs
    • Effectiveness of ‘ Kudumbasree ’
      • Organized into Neighborhood group (NHG)  Area Development Society (ADS)  Community Development Society (CDS)
      • ADS played a pivotal part in NREGA
  • 29. Major features
    • Focus on eco-restoration works
    • Wages are paid directly to individual bank accounts
  • 30. Problems
    • Lag in the implementation (only 4/14 districts)
  • 31. Problems
    • Minimal participation from SC’s and ST’s
        • One of the lowest
  • 32. Achievements
    • Major progresses after 2007
    • Total corruption free implementation
      • Panchayats took the responsibility seriously
      • Implemented the programme very fast
    • Effectiveness of Kudumbasree system
      • Community of poor people
      • Created a feeling of unity among them
      • Doing work for their localities created an urgency
  • 33. Achievements
    • Participation of women
      • Helped to empower women
      • Participated in important decisions of her family and society
      • Equal wage for men and women
  • 34. Achievements
    • Participation of women in NREGA
  • 35. Achievements
    • Public works done by local peoples
      • Reduced corruption
      • Increased urgency
    • Importance given to natural resource management and environment protection
    • Setup of Labour Banks
      • Develop skills of the workers
      • Panchayats to teach Panchayats
  • 36. Way Ahead
  • 37. Way Ahead
      • NREGA is here to stay
        • Monitor the programme effectively
        • Village level resource planning and development
        • Other development programs like Bharat Nirman should sync with NREGA
        • From quantitative employment generation to sustainable development through asset building
      • Representatives
        • Proper election and training
        • More power to Panchayat Raj
  • 38. Thank You

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