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    Final Nrega Ppt Final Nrega Ppt Presentation Transcript

    • NREGA Group 10 Ravi Shanker 280/45 Rahul Meena 276/45 Srikanth Kolli 208/45 Krishnenthu Raja 222/45 National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
    • Wage Employment Programs Historical Perspective
        • Maharashtra Model
        • Bureaucracy
        • Shortage of funds
        • Lack of right planning
        • Lack of local focus
    • The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) “ Act of the people, by the people, and for the people”
    • NREGA - Overview Salient Features
        • Employment to all those who are willing to work (100 days)
        • Unlimited supply of funds for this project
        • Free registration with a job guarantee within 15 days of application
        • At least 1/3 rd of the employees must be women
        • Fixed minimum wage rate and no upper limit
        • Weekly disbursement of wages and delays not beyond a fortnight
    • Objective of NREGA Unemployment Sustained Development
        • Enhancement of livelihood security of households
        • Arrest rural migration
        • Create rural assets
        • Create livelihood resource base
        • Restore environment
    • Expectations from NREGA
      • Process Outcomes
      • Strengthen grass root processes of democracy
      • Infuse transparency and accountability
      • in governance
      • Auxiliary
      • Regenerate natural resource base
      • of rural livelihood for sustainable
      • development
      • Primary
      • Supplement employment opportunities
        • NREGA COVERAGE (1st Nationwide employment scheme )
    • State and Local Govt. Roles and Responsibilities
    • State and Local Government State Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (REGS)
        • 25 per cent of the cost of material and wages for semi-skilled/ skilled workers
        • Unemployment allowance if the state is unable to provide employment within 15 days
        • Administrative expenses of the State Employment Guarantee Council
    • Other Institutions
    • Funds
    • Funds NREGA ‘09 Budget Allocation -39,000 Cr.
        • Central Govt. provides only 75% of the material costs, promoting labour intensive works in NREGA
    • Components of Expenditure
        • Material Cost
          • Tamilnadu and Mizoram have achieved almost Zero expense on material
          • Orissa has high Material expenses owing to “royalties”
        • Expenditure on Wages
        • Administrative expenses
          • Nagaland and Gujarat have high administrative expenses
    • A Snapshot for 07-08
    • Progress Report
    • Implementation & Effectiveness of NREGA 144 Crore person-days of employment 34 Mn Households benefited
      • Improved – ‘employment per rural household’, share of women in workforce, expenditure per district, share of wages in total expenditure
      • Decreased % of ST’s benefiting from NREGA
      • Increase in daily wages by whopping 15%
      • Improved utilization of funds from 73% to 80%
    • State wise performance
    • State wise performance Leaders Laggards
        • Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
          • Account for more than half of the total employment
        • Haryana and Uttarakhand
          • Improved Women workforce
        • Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Punjab and West Bengal
          • Perform worse than previous years
        • Punjab, Bihar and HP
          • Less than 33% women workforce
    • Participation of Women WOMEN 43%
      • Tamil Nadu (82%)
      • Rajasthan (69%)
      • Kerala (67%)
      • Andhra Pradesh (56%)
      • Karnataka (52%)
      • Gujarat (49%)
      • UP (15%)
      • J&K(1%)
      At least 1/3rd of the beneficiaries shall be women who have registered and requested for work under the Scheme (NREGA ACT, Schedule II, Section 6) Year-2007-08
    • Regenerating Natural Resource Base of Rural Livelihood
    • Community Building Building Rural India
    • Field Visit To Block Office
        • Facts
        • 3000 beneficiaries in 2009 out of 30,000 bpl households
        • 10% women < state average of 17%
        • All projects are on rural connectivity
        • Rs 80 a day as base
        • Observations
        • Central role of Gram Panchayat
        • Unlimited funds, yet Delays in wage checks and Job cards
        • No record of measuring asset creation
    • Case : NREGA in Kerala
    • NREGA in Kerala
      • Highest literacy rate (90.86)
      • Very high rate of unemployment
      • Tendency to link literacy to employment (myth)
      • First implemented on 5 th Feb 2006
      • Only in 4 districts (Palakkad, Waynad, Idukki and Kasargod)
      • These districts had very low unemployment rate
    • Major features
      • Popularity of Trade Unions
      • Village Panchayats played the pivotal role with the help of technical staffs
      • Effectiveness of ‘ Kudumbasree ’
        • Organized into Neighborhood group (NHG)  Area Development Society (ADS)  Community Development Society (CDS)
        • ADS played a pivotal part in NREGA
    • Major features
      • Focus on eco-restoration works
      • Wages are paid directly to individual bank accounts
    • Problems
      • Lag in the implementation (only 4/14 districts)
    • Problems
      • Minimal participation from SC’s and ST’s
          • One of the lowest
    • Achievements
      • Major progresses after 2007
      • Total corruption free implementation
        • Panchayats took the responsibility seriously
        • Implemented the programme very fast
      • Effectiveness of Kudumbasree system
        • Community of poor people
        • Created a feeling of unity among them
        • Doing work for their localities created an urgency
    • Achievements
      • Participation of women
        • Helped to empower women
        • Participated in important decisions of her family and society
        • Equal wage for men and women
    • Achievements
      • Participation of women in NREGA
    • Achievements
      • Public works done by local peoples
        • Reduced corruption
        • Increased urgency
      • Importance given to natural resource management and environment protection
      • Setup of Labour Banks
        • Develop skills of the workers
        • Panchayats to teach Panchayats
    • Way Ahead
    • Way Ahead
        • NREGA is here to stay
          • Monitor the programme effectively
          • Village level resource planning and development
          • Other development programs like Bharat Nirman should sync with NREGA
          • From quantitative employment generation to sustainable development through asset building
        • Representatives
          • Proper election and training
          • More power to Panchayat Raj
    • Thank You