Introduction to Motivation What is Motivation? Motivation can be defined as a process of stimulating people to act for the purpose of acheiving desired goals ‘ The degree to which an individual wants & chooses to engage in certain behaviours’ (Mitchell) 2
DEFINITON OF WORK AND MOTIVATION MOTIVE An emotion, desire,need, or similar impulse that causes one to act in a particular way. MOTIVATION MOTIVATE To provide with an incentive, move to action.
DEFINITON OF WORK AND MOTIVATION
is a process to energize employees to the work goal through a specific path
ENERGIZE Work Motivation B E C D A PROCES S EMPLOYEE PATH WORK GOAL
The Importance of Motivation in the Workplace
Determinants of Individual Performance
Performance = (Motivation X Ability) - Situational Constraints
Motivation—the desire to do the job.
Ability—the capability to do the job.
Work environment—the resources needed to do the job.
IMPORTANCE OF MOTIVATION
REDUCTION OF LABOUR TURNOVER
ACCEPTANCE OF ORGANISATIONAL CHANGES
INCREASING ALL ROUND EFFICIENCY
Types of Motivation
Extrinsic motivation would include circumstances, situations, rewards or punishment, both tangible and intangible that participation in results in an external benefit.
Intrinsic motivation would include involvement in behavioral pattern, thought process, action, activity or reaction for its own sake and without an obvious external incentive for doing so.
HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR STAFF HAVING A CLEAR GOAL Do your best to provide clear goal and steer them towards meeting them. Group 4- DH22AV1- BU
HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR STAFF BE FLEXIBLE AND GRACIOUS Try to be gracious and accommodating with some requests such as the case of sometimes staff members have to take time off unexpectedly. Group 4- DH22AV1- BU
HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR STAFF PUBLIC PRAISE Giving sincere and genuine thanks to a staff member in front of their colleagues will boost their self esteem. Group 4- DH22AV1- BU
Group 4 – DH22AV1 - BU HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR STAFF
THE POWER OF LUNCHTIME
Taking your team out for lunch to get a good feeling for a group dynamic.
HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR STAFF TRAIN ALL FOR THE PRICE OF ONE Providing your staff with the opportunity to attend an external training is a great means of stimulation. Group 4- DH22AV1- BU
HOW TO MOTIVATE YOUR STAFF DEMONSTRATE INTEGRITY EVERYDAY Nothing destroys team cooperation more quickly than a boss who no one trust. Group 4- DH22AV1- BU
Hierarchy of Needs
Valence refers to the emotional orientations people hold with respect to outcomes [rewards].
Instrumentality : The perception of employees whether they will actually get what they desire even if it has been promised by a manager.
Expectancy : Employees have different expectations and levels of confidence about what they are capable of doing.
Motivation = ValanceXExpectancyX(Instrumentality)
THEORY X AND Y OF DOUGLAS McGREGOR
Douglas MCGregor has given teo theories of Human Behaviour.
(A) theory X – Assumptions
Ordinary man is not interested in work and he is lazy.
In the absence of direction and control members will not work out relations among their positions.
The individual and organisational goals are different.
4. Average man is devoid of self discipline and self control and avoids responsibility.
Average man tends to submit himself to the control and direction of others.
Members of the organisation prefer security above all.
(B) Theory Y – Assumptions 1. Average Human being does not dislike the work. 2. Man will exercise self control and directions. 3. Commitment to enterprise objectives is a result of associated with their achievement. 4. Under the conditions of industrial life intellectual potentials of people are partially utilized. 5. Creativity in the solution of organizational problems is widely used.
METHODS OF MOTIVATION 1)FINANCIAL MOTIVATORS(incentives) 2)NON FINANCIAL MOTIVATORS