4th paradigm geo science iitb talk march2011

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Introduction to 4th Paradigm and its impact in Petroleum Geoscience. …

Introduction to 4th Paradigm and its impact in Petroleum Geoscience.
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https://sites.google.com/site/4thparadigmgeoscience/
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  • http://www.docstoc.com/docs/68059591/GUIDELINES-IN-DEVELOPING-A-FIRST-RATE-GEOSCIENCE-DATA-REPOSITORY http://www.azgs.az.gov/GeoData_model.pdf

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  • 1. Presenting the New Technology Data Intensive Science of 21st Century [email_address]
  • 2. Outline Science has evolved into a new Paradigm of Data Intensive Discovery. It is different from what most Teaching and Research has pursued. Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 3.
    • Evolution of Life - Example of Paradigm Changes
    Paradigm Change Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • Changes are prolific altering the entire course of evolution
    • Time intervals are smaller
    • Radical 4 th
    http://www.harvestbird.com/blog/2010/03/27/geological-time/ 
  • 4. 4 th Paradigm of Science Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 5. The Changing Game of Knowledge
    • Adapted from: The Big Idea. Next Scientific Revolution. Tony Hey
    • Harvard Business Review. November 2010.
     Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 6. 4 th Paradigm
    • Change in the Principle of Science
    • Construct
    • Methodology
    • Inference
    • Verification
    • Communication
    • Science is shifting towards inferences heavily dependent on large volumes of data
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 7. Components of 4 th Paradigm
    • Data Capture and Management
    • Workflow Centric analysis
    • Data, Information, Knowledge Dissemination and Collaboration
    • These terms are familiar to most of us.
    • Extent and nature of understanding commonly
    • Scientific framework requirements of these
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 8. 1. Data and Databases
    • Data = qualitative or quantitative attributes of a variable or set of variables
    • Database= Structure, Semantics and inter-relationships are ‘defined and embedded’
      • E-R model
      • Data Dictionary
      • Controlled redundancy
      • Integrity checks
      • Method for assessing
        • Correctness, Completeness and Capability
    • 1982 onwards E&P databases have been designed and developed
    • 1990 Petrotechnical Open Software Corporation (POSC)
    • 4 th Paradigm  Focus on Data, Data Organization & Access
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 9. Prerequisites for DB
    • Data Standards
    • Data Dictionary
    • Data Capture and Organization
    • Non-Trivial issues in these in 21 st century data
    • Data Management Principles and concepts
    • Structure and Semantic Robustness needs VERY CLEAR COMMON UNDERSTANDING
    • Sophisticate Computer Infrastructure
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 10. But Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 11. Schematic Layout + Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 12. Data source – XMT~ Front View Front Left Back Right Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 13. Data Source – Choke~ Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 14. Real-Time data visualization* Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 15.
    • Resolution
    • Reliability
    • Response
    Problems in E&P – Field water-cut Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in Water Cut % Cum. Oil Produced 1500 blpd 3000 blpd 4500 blpd 
    • Complex trends
    • Economic value
    • Predictability
    • Verifiability
    • Geology
    • Seismic
    • Well Logs
    • Reservoir
    • Production
    Data pointing to limitations and fallibility of various results & theories W-8 W-15 W-17 W-19 W-52 W-112 W-122 W-135 W-137 W-140 W-145 W-148 W-154 W-951
  • 16. Micro-CT Data Apr 8, 2011 5 GB of data from each sample. Simulation studies on each scenario 5GB G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in  Core Property Estimated Value Connectivity 6.23 Volume Connectivity 9.11 Pore Size (Microns) 34 Throat Size (Microns) 14 Pore-Throat Aspect 3.1 Aspect Volume Weighted 4.4
  • 17.
    • Change is no more the only unchanged thing, it is also changing radically
    Why is the Paradigm Change  Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • Proliferation of Instrumentation
    • Precise and Accurate measurements
    • Quantum leap in Resolution
    • Automatic Data measurement and Capture
    • Data pointing to limitations and fallibility of various results & theories
    • Simulation is developing into Real-Time predictive
    • Mathematical and Computation complexity
    • New Computational model has evolved (Cloud)
    • Changing culture of open visible life
    • Challenge of Science has gone beyond generalization
  • 18. 2. Workflows and Analysis
    • ? Workflow
    • Formal Workflow characteristics
    • Collaborative workflows
      • Workflow Sequence
      • Parallel concurrent Workflows
    • ? Analysis
    • Statistical Analysis
    • Numerical Analysis
    • Exploratory Data Analysi
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 19. Formal Workflow Systems
    • Taverna : Fully featured, extensible and scalable scientific Workflow Management System
      • Formal –vs- Informal Workflows
      • Intuitive –vs- Verifiable Workflows
      • Workflow Documentation
    • Analytics on Large data volume
      • Looking beyond MS-EXCEL
      • R-Programming
      • Sharable Workflows and Analysis
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 20. But, Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 21. Changing Geoscience
    • Wish based R&D –vs- Need based R&D
    • Earth Systems Science
    • Environmental issues
    • Energy Dynamics
    • Instrumental Geology
    • Geoscience will follow the Evolving Science Methodologies in Other AGGRESSIVE EARLY ADAPTORS
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 22.
    • Future is not what it used to be
    How will it impact Science Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • Commercial Systems
    • Biotechnology
    • Genome project
    • Medical Research
    • CERN
    • Astronomy
    • Rapid Discovery
    • Fast changing inference
    • Data   Discovery
    • Real-Time
    EXAMPLES from Early adopters IMPACT on Geosciences and E&P
  • 23.
    • Commercial world had evolved in late 20 th century
      • Infer meaning from data and take action - Structured
      • Convergence of simple measures for action
      • > 90% of IT efforts world over are focused
    When is 4 th Paradigm Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • Astronomy (SDSS) - 2000
    • Human Genome Project - 1990
    • Digital Oil Field Initiative - 2003
    • LHC, CERN - 2008
    • Heath Care Records (HER,PHR) - 2006
    • 4 th Paradigm formal recognition - 2007
  • 24. Geoscience data initiatives
    • INTERNATIONAL
    • NCAR – Data Model, HPC access, Software, Storage, Collaboration, Delivery ( http://cdp.ucar.edu / ).
    • USGS – Spatial Data Standard ( http :// www.fgdc.gov/nsdi/nsdi.html http://datapreservation.usgs.gov / Colorado Core Research Center
    • Kentucky Geological Survey – ( http ://www.uky.edu/KGS / )
    • National Resources Canada – ( http:// gdr.nrcan.gc.ca/index_e.php )
    • Geological Survey of New South Wales - GADDS - Geophysical Archive Data Delivery System ( http:// www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/minerals/geological )
    • INDIA
    • Geological Survey of India ( http:// www.portal.gsi.gov.in ) Geological Maps, Reports
    • DGH ( http://www.dghindia.org / ) NELP descriptions. NDR is being discussed
    • NIO, Goa ( http:// www.nio.org/index/title/HOME ) Data repositories as Files
    • NRSA ( http://www.nrsc.gov.in / ) Sells data
    • MILES TO GO
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 25. Tried and Failed Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 26. 3. Collaborative GeoScience
    • Data
    • Information
    • Knowledge
    • Individual DIK
    • Teams DIK
    • Giga-Global DIK
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Tertiary
    • Wish Based. Add-on
    • Local Need. Contribute
    • Breakthrough
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  • 27. What needs to be Done
    • Recognize the 4 th Paradigm
    • Learn the basic Building blocks
    • Start Practicing
        • Learn Data Modeling
        • Build Data Models (Structure & Semantics)
        • Establish Data Grids
        • Learn and adapt Workflows
        • Learn Analytics on R
    Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  • 28. Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • REFERENCES
    • + RIL’s KGD6 Fields. Transforming India’s Energy Landscape. Supplement to Oil&Gas Journal, 2009.
    • Tony Hey, Stewart Tansley, and Krist in Tolle (Eds)., The Fourth Paradigm. Data Intensive Scientific Discovery. Microsoft Research, Washington. 2009., Pp252.
    • Tony Hey, The Big Idea: The Next Scientific Revolution, HBR Magazine, Nov.2010.
    • C.H. Arns et.al., PETROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES DERIVED FROM X-RAY CT IMAGES; APPEA JOURNAL 2003
    • Srikanth, G. and Kalyanasundar, R., An Entity Relationship model for Palaeontology Information System., Contrs. XV Indian Colloq. Micropal. Strat. (Eds. Pandey.J, Azmi, R.J., Bhandari, A and Dave, A) 1996.
    • Srikanth, G and Kalyanasundar, R., Quantitative Foraminiferal Bio-stratigraphy for Late Paleocene to Pleistocene in Krishna-Godavari basin. India. XIV Colloquium on Micropaleontology and Stratigraphy. Univ. Madras. 1994.
    • Srikanth, G., “Smart Workflows”: Paradigm shifts, Work metrics and People support for facilitating advanced knowledge technologies in upstream work. Keynote paper at – 5th Annual Oil & Gas Exchange, IQPC. London. November. 2005.
    • Shahab D. Mohagjegh, Modavi, A., Hafez H. Hafez., Masoud Haajizadeh, Maher Kenawy and Srikanth, G. SPE 99667. Development of Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRM) for fast-track analysis of complex reservoirs. SPE Intelligent Energy Conf. Amsterdam. 2006.
    • Unpublished internal reports of ONGC.. 1984-94
      • Quantitative Biostratigraphic Correlation, 1985.
      • Quantitative Stratigraphy and Basin Modeling of Krishna Godavari Basin. V-1; 1987
      • Paleontology Information System, PALIMS, 1994.
    • * Personal Communications from RIL Production Intelligence and Drilling RTOC. 2011.
    ~ http://www.akersolutions.com/en/Global-menu/Products-and-Services/technology-segment/Subsea-production-systems-and-products/Subsea-production-systems-and-technologies/Subsea-trees/HPHT-subsea-tree/ http://en.wikipedia.org Http://www.pointcross.com http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Semantic_Web http://hbr.org/2010/11/the-big-idea-the-next-scientific-revolution/ar/1# http://www.docstoc.com/docs/68059591/GUIDELINES-IN-DEVELOPING-A-FIRST-RATE-GEOSCIENCE-DATA-REPOSITORY