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4th paradigm geo science iitb talk march2011

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Introduction to 4th Paradigm and its impact in Petroleum Geoscience. …

Introduction to 4th Paradigm and its impact in Petroleum Geoscience.
Additional information at:
https://sites.google.com/site/4thparadigmgeoscience/
https://groups.google.com/group/4th-paradigm-geoscience?hl=en

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  • http://www.docstoc.com/docs/68059591/GUIDELINES-IN-DEVELOPING-A-FIRST-RATE-GEOSCIENCE-DATA-REPOSITORY http://www.azgs.az.gov/GeoData_model.pdf
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    • 1. Presenting the New Technology Data Intensive Science of 21st Century [email_address]
    • 2. Outline Science has evolved into a new Paradigm of Data Intensive Discovery. It is different from what most Teaching and Research has pursued. Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 3.
      • Evolution of Life - Example of Paradigm Changes
      Paradigm Change Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
      • Changes are prolific altering the entire course of evolution
      • Time intervals are smaller
      • Radical 4 th
      http://www.harvestbird.com/blog/2010/03/27/geological-time/ 
    • 4. 4 th Paradigm of Science Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 5. The Changing Game of Knowledge
      • Adapted from: The Big Idea. Next Scientific Revolution. Tony Hey
      • Harvard Business Review. November 2010.
       Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 6. 4 th Paradigm
      • Change in the Principle of Science
      • Construct
      • Methodology
      • Inference
      • Verification
      • Communication
      • Science is shifting towards inferences heavily dependent on large volumes of data
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 7. Components of 4 th Paradigm
      • Data Capture and Management
      • Workflow Centric analysis
      • Data, Information, Knowledge Dissemination and Collaboration
      • These terms are familiar to most of us.
      • Extent and nature of understanding commonly
      • Scientific framework requirements of these
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 8. 1. Data and Databases
      • Data = qualitative or quantitative attributes of a variable or set of variables
      • Database= Structure, Semantics and inter-relationships are ‘defined and embedded’
        • E-R model
        • Data Dictionary
        • Controlled redundancy
        • Integrity checks
        • Method for assessing
          • Correctness, Completeness and Capability
      • 1982 onwards E&P databases have been designed and developed
      • 1990 Petrotechnical Open Software Corporation (POSC)
      • 4 th Paradigm  Focus on Data, Data Organization & Access
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 9. Prerequisites for DB
      • Data Standards
      • Data Dictionary
      • Data Capture and Organization
      • Non-Trivial issues in these in 21 st century data
      • Data Management Principles and concepts
      • Structure and Semantic Robustness needs VERY CLEAR COMMON UNDERSTANDING
      • Sophisticate Computer Infrastructure
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 10. But Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 11. Schematic Layout + Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 12. Data source – XMT~ Front View Front Left Back Right Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 13. Data Source – Choke~ Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 14. Real-Time data visualization* Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 15.
      • Resolution
      • Reliability
      • Response
      Problems in E&P – Field water-cut Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in Water Cut % Cum. Oil Produced 1500 blpd 3000 blpd 4500 blpd 
      • Complex trends
      • Economic value
      • Predictability
      • Verifiability
      • Geology
      • Seismic
      • Well Logs
      • Reservoir
      • Production
      Data pointing to limitations and fallibility of various results & theories W-8 W-15 W-17 W-19 W-52 W-112 W-122 W-135 W-137 W-140 W-145 W-148 W-154 W-951
    • 16. Micro-CT Data Apr 8, 2011 5 GB of data from each sample. Simulation studies on each scenario 5GB G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in  Core Property Estimated Value Connectivity 6.23 Volume Connectivity 9.11 Pore Size (Microns) 34 Throat Size (Microns) 14 Pore-Throat Aspect 3.1 Aspect Volume Weighted 4.4
    • 17.
      • Change is no more the only unchanged thing, it is also changing radically
      Why is the Paradigm Change  Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
      • Proliferation of Instrumentation
      • Precise and Accurate measurements
      • Quantum leap in Resolution
      • Automatic Data measurement and Capture
      • Data pointing to limitations and fallibility of various results & theories
      • Simulation is developing into Real-Time predictive
      • Mathematical and Computation complexity
      • New Computational model has evolved (Cloud)
      • Changing culture of open visible life
      • Challenge of Science has gone beyond generalization
    • 18. 2. Workflows and Analysis
      • ? Workflow
      • Formal Workflow characteristics
      • Collaborative workflows
        • Workflow Sequence
        • Parallel concurrent Workflows
      • ? Analysis
      • Statistical Analysis
      • Numerical Analysis
      • Exploratory Data Analysi
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 19. Formal Workflow Systems
      • Taverna : Fully featured, extensible and scalable scientific Workflow Management System
        • Formal –vs- Informal Workflows
        • Intuitive –vs- Verifiable Workflows
        • Workflow Documentation
      • Analytics on Large data volume
        • Looking beyond MS-EXCEL
        • R-Programming
        • Sharable Workflows and Analysis
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 20. But, Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 21. Changing Geoscience
      • Wish based R&D –vs- Need based R&D
      • Earth Systems Science
      • Environmental issues
      • Energy Dynamics
      • Instrumental Geology
      • Geoscience will follow the Evolving Science Methodologies in Other AGGRESSIVE EARLY ADAPTORS
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 22.
      • Future is not what it used to be
      How will it impact Science Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
      • Commercial Systems
      • Biotechnology
      • Genome project
      • Medical Research
      • CERN
      • Astronomy
      • Rapid Discovery
      • Fast changing inference
      • Data   Discovery
      • Real-Time
      EXAMPLES from Early adopters IMPACT on Geosciences and E&P
    • 23.
      • Commercial world had evolved in late 20 th century
        • Infer meaning from data and take action - Structured
        • Convergence of simple measures for action
        • > 90% of IT efforts world over are focused
      When is 4 th Paradigm Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
      • Astronomy (SDSS) - 2000
      • Human Genome Project - 1990
      • Digital Oil Field Initiative - 2003
      • LHC, CERN - 2008
      • Heath Care Records (HER,PHR) - 2006
      • 4 th Paradigm formal recognition - 2007
    • 24. Geoscience data initiatives
      • INTERNATIONAL
      • NCAR – Data Model, HPC access, Software, Storage, Collaboration, Delivery ( http://cdp.ucar.edu / ).
      • USGS – Spatial Data Standard ( http :// www.fgdc.gov/nsdi/nsdi.html http://datapreservation.usgs.gov / Colorado Core Research Center
      • Kentucky Geological Survey – ( http ://www.uky.edu/KGS / )
      • National Resources Canada – ( http:// gdr.nrcan.gc.ca/index_e.php )
      • Geological Survey of New South Wales - GADDS - Geophysical Archive Data Delivery System ( http:// www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/minerals/geological )
      • INDIA
      • Geological Survey of India ( http:// www.portal.gsi.gov.in ) Geological Maps, Reports
      • DGH ( http://www.dghindia.org / ) NELP descriptions. NDR is being discussed
      • NIO, Goa ( http:// www.nio.org/index/title/HOME ) Data repositories as Files
      • NRSA ( http://www.nrsc.gov.in / ) Sells data
      • MILES TO GO
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 25. Tried and Failed Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 26. 3. Collaborative GeoScience
      • Data
      • Information
      • Knowledge
      • Individual DIK
      • Teams DIK
      • Giga-Global DIK
      • Primary
      • Secondary
      • Tertiary
      • Wish Based. Add-on
      • Local Need. Contribute
      • Breakthrough
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
    • 27. What needs to be Done
      • Recognize the 4 th Paradigm
      • Learn the basic Building blocks
      • Start Practicing
          • Learn Data Modeling
          • Build Data Models (Structure & Semantics)
          • Establish Data Grids
          • Learn and adapt Workflows
          • Learn Analytics on R
      Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
    • 28. Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
      • REFERENCES
      • + RIL’s KGD6 Fields. Transforming India’s Energy Landscape. Supplement to Oil&Gas Journal, 2009.
      • Tony Hey, Stewart Tansley, and Krist in Tolle (Eds)., The Fourth Paradigm. Data Intensive Scientific Discovery. Microsoft Research, Washington. 2009., Pp252.
      • Tony Hey, The Big Idea: The Next Scientific Revolution, HBR Magazine, Nov.2010.
      • C.H. Arns et.al., PETROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES DERIVED FROM X-RAY CT IMAGES; APPEA JOURNAL 2003
      • Srikanth, G. and Kalyanasundar, R., An Entity Relationship model for Palaeontology Information System., Contrs. XV Indian Colloq. Micropal. Strat. (Eds. Pandey.J, Azmi, R.J., Bhandari, A and Dave, A) 1996.
      • Srikanth, G and Kalyanasundar, R., Quantitative Foraminiferal Bio-stratigraphy for Late Paleocene to Pleistocene in Krishna-Godavari basin. India. XIV Colloquium on Micropaleontology and Stratigraphy. Univ. Madras. 1994.
      • Srikanth, G., “Smart Workflows”: Paradigm shifts, Work metrics and People support for facilitating advanced knowledge technologies in upstream work. Keynote paper at – 5th Annual Oil & Gas Exchange, IQPC. London. November. 2005.
      • Shahab D. Mohagjegh, Modavi, A., Hafez H. Hafez., Masoud Haajizadeh, Maher Kenawy and Srikanth, G. SPE 99667. Development of Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRM) for fast-track analysis of complex reservoirs. SPE Intelligent Energy Conf. Amsterdam. 2006.
      • Unpublished internal reports of ONGC.. 1984-94
        • Quantitative Biostratigraphic Correlation, 1985.
        • Quantitative Stratigraphy and Basin Modeling of Krishna Godavari Basin. V-1; 1987
        • Paleontology Information System, PALIMS, 1994.
      • * Personal Communications from RIL Production Intelligence and Drilling RTOC. 2011.
      ~ http://www.akersolutions.com/en/Global-menu/Products-and-Services/technology-segment/Subsea-production-systems-and-products/Subsea-production-systems-and-technologies/Subsea-trees/HPHT-subsea-tree/ http://en.wikipedia.org Http://www.pointcross.com http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Semantic_Web http://hbr.org/2010/11/the-big-idea-the-next-scientific-revolution/ar/1# http://www.docstoc.com/docs/68059591/GUIDELINES-IN-DEVELOPING-A-FIRST-RATE-GEOSCIENCE-DATA-REPOSITORY

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