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Week 6, the making of an act - from bill to act
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Week 6, the making of an act - from bill to act


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  • 1. The Making of an Act: from Bill to Act Group 2: Mirra Saniya 071311233002 Ni Putu Bunga Levista Briliani 071311233025 Amalia Mastur 071311233036 Sri Harini Wijayanti 071311233049 Didang Alexander 071311233063 Rosalia Jasmine 071311233077
  • 2. 2 Bill is a proposed law, the idea could proposed by anyone, through the Senate or the House. Legislator who introduces the bill  Sponsor The other legislator who support the bill  Co-Sponsor Bill? Type of Bills Public Bills Private Bills
  • 3. 3 Legislative Process Bill to Act Introduction & Referral Committee Action Committee Report Floor Debate & Votes Conference Committee President Action
  • 4. 4 House introduced the bill to the hopper, marked and numbered as HR 1,2,..  House Resolution 1,2,.. Senate introduced the bill to the clerks at the Presiding Officer, marked and numbered as S 1,2,..  Senate Bill 1,2,.. Speaker of the House or Presiding Officer in Senate may or may not call the bill for the First Reading  assigned to the appropriate jurisdiction committee. Senate assigned to one committee. House using referral system to assigned the bill. Introduction & Referral Process
  • 5. Referral Simple Complex Sequential Split 5
  • 6. 6 Hearing is scheduled and invited various experts, government officials, and lobbyists. Bill marked up and revised before sent to the floor. Senate  Calendar of General Orders & Executive Calendar. House  Union Calendar, House Calendar, Private Calendar, Corrections Calendar. First Reading  Hearing  Reject  Go back to the origin house for Second Reading  Hearing  Pass  Third Reading. Committee Action
  • 7. 7 Second Reading  any legislator of the house of origin can suggest amendments to the bill. Third Reading  amendments can be made but needs two- thirds of the legislators agree to it. Rules Commitee of the House : 1. An open rule permits amendments to any part of the bills. 2. A closed rule forbids amendments to the bills. 3. A modified rule prohibits amendments to some part of the bills but allow the others. Committee Report
  • 8. 8 The main stages of floor consideration are general debate, amending, and final passage by the House. Senators are allowed to talk as much about each bill as they like. No restrictions on amendments are allowed in the Senate which led to an occasional filibuster. Both requires majority vote by the members present. Floor Debate & Votes
  • 9. Methods of Voting the Bill Senate By Voice House of Representatives Viva Voce Division Recorded 9
  • 10. 10 Reconcile the differences from the two versions, one from the House and one from the Senate. About 10 to 15 percent of the bills each year need to be discussed in this conference because the House version and the Senate version is not the same. Conference Committee
  • 11. 11 President Action  Final Result! President Choices Sign & pass the bill The bill become law Oppose the bill Veto the bill Take no action Become a law after 10 days if the Congress is in session
  • 12. 12