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Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
Week 2, Colonial Political System
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Week 2, Colonial Political System

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This presentation gives a brief explanation of how the colonial system work during the Colonist Age in United States.

This presentation gives a brief explanation of how the colonial system work during the Colonist Age in United States.

Published in: Education
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  • 1. Page 1 Colonial Political System Group 2 Mirra Saniya 071311233002 Ni Putu Bunga Levista Briliani 071311233025 Amalia Mastur 071311233036 Sri Harini Wijayanti 071311233049 Didang Alexander 071311233063 Rosalia Jasmine 071311233077
  • 2. Page 2 Governmental Types of Colonies Royal • Virginia, the Carolinas, New Hampshire, Vermont, New Jersey, Georgia Charter • Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay Proprietary • Maryland, Pennsylvania, Delaware
  • 3. Page 3 1. Royal Colonies  Established in North America by England, France, the Netherlands and Sweden over the course of the 17th and 18th .  Controlled by the king of the sovereign nation, who named a governor to each colony and, in English colonies, a council to assist him.  Directly ruled by the English monarchy.  The governor who could be removed at will by the king and the council derived their authority from two key documents, the colonial commission and the set of royal instructions.
  • 4. Page 4 2. Charter Colonies  Established in 17th century.  King granted a charter to the colonial government establishing the rules under which the colony was to be governed.  Consisted of political corporations created by letters patent which gave the grantees control of the land and the powers of legislative government.  Charter colonies could elect their own governors as opposed to proprietors.
  • 5. Page 5 3. Proprietary Colonies  Organized in the 17th century in territories granted by the English Crown to one or more proprietors who had full governing rights.  Lord proprietors, rather than the king, appointed the governor and this is what makes Proprietary Colonies had different forms of government than the other two.
  • 6. Page 6 Governor  Some of the royal governors who worked at the will of British Crown were well-trained bureaucrat.  The Governor directly represented the Crown or the Proprietor all the while pledging his duty to the people over whom he was placed.  Governer had the executive power in the colonial environment to rule the colony.  The governor was responsible for the making of laws, taxes and made decisions, which were dealt with the colony
  • 7. Page 7 Legislature  Consist of the lower house or assembly, which was elected by people, and the upper house or council which was appointed by the governor.  Not all of the people in colony could choose the legislature.  Chosen by the men who owned land, paid taxes, had an annual income, and were a member of a Christian church.  Had limited powers in the government.  Their voices could do nothing contrary to the laws of England and the governor could veto their actions.
  • 8. Page 8 Assembly & Council  Assembly was the only body who directly elected by people to represent them in the government.  Assembly was in charge to be the chief of legislative power, but its acts could easily be vetoed by the Governor.  Council were consisted of twelve men, with the exception of Massachusetts which had twenty-eight and Maryland which had three, to act as a board of advisors to the Governor, making them the highest court of the colony.
  • 9. Page 9 Basic Principles of All Colonies 1. All of the colonial government systems in the thirteen colonies elected their own legislature (parliament). 2. All of the colonial government systems were democratic. 3. All of the colonial government systems had a governor, a governor’s court and a court system (Alchin, 2012)
  • 10. Page 10

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