Project Presentation: Color Choice in Healthcare Design

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  • 1. TITLE “Color choice in Health Care Design & Its effect on Health and Psychology” Project done by: Jarupala Sridhar Guide: Dr. Utpal Barua Associate Professor Department of Design
  • 2. Aims & Objectives: • 1. What is empirically known about human response to color and how, if at all, color influences human perception or behavior in a specific setting? • 2. Which color design guidelines for healthcare environments, if any, have been supported by scientific research findings? • 3. Does color have any effect on human health and psychology?
  • 3. Methodology: Literature Research Problem Statement Ethnographic study Observations & Analysis Detailed Report Final Submission
  • 4. Observations / Results: 1) What is empirically known about human response to color and how, if at all, color influences human perception or behavior in a specific setting? • The simple answer is: we know very few about human response to color because of our physiological and psychological profiles and also by cultures, places and activities. 2) Which color design guidelines for healthcare environments, if any, have been supported by scientific research findings? The answer is: hardly any. • Clearly, there are no reliable explanatory theories in this field. The answers may disappoint many, particularly practitioners in the healthcare design community because of the expectations to identify theories, which could have had “supportable design implications for the use of color in healthcare design”.color in Color In Healthcare Environments - A ResearchReport Principal Researchers: Ruth Brent Tofle, Ph.D. Benyamin Schwarz, Ph.D
  • 5. • Analogous theories in color studies could, perhaps, predict how color might influence people in healthcare settings. But this class of theories is almost nonexistent in this field. • Much of the knowledge about the implications of color in healthcare environments is based on highly biased observations, and pseudo-scientific assertions. 3) Does color have any effect on human health and psychology? • Answer is yes color do have influence on human health and psychology. Color In Healthcare Environments - A ResearchReport Principal Researchers: Ruth Brent Tofle, Ph.D. Benyamin Schwarz, Ph.D
  • 6. Properties of color and Human response to it: • • • • • Colors Possess arousing or calming properties Colors Have Advancing or Receding Properties Colors Affect the Sense of Spaciousness Colors Affect the Psychophysical Judgment of Time Passage Colors Affect Thermal Comfort Functional Color and Design in Healthcare Environments Sponsored by Glidden Professional
  • 7. Human Response to color Creating a Healing Environment in the ICU. Chapter 3 article by Renee Rubert L. Dianne Long Melissa L. Hutchinson
  • 8. Color & Healing • Some methods of color healing for high blood pressure, low blood pressure, allergies, depression, cancer, and other ailments to restore proper balance: (1) Color intake through foods (2) Irradiation with the inherent color (3) Color intake through drinking (color irradiated water) (4) Bathing in colored water (5) Sunbathing in color (6) Irradiation with color (specific parts of the body) (7) Visualizing color (breathing exercises coupled with the visualization of color in sequence of the rainbow colors) (8) Breathing color (a visualized color is inhaled and exhaled) (9) Color meditation Color In Healthcare Environments - A ResearchReport Principal Researchers: Ruth Brent Tofle, Ph.D. Benyamin Schwarz, Ph.D
  • 9. Color & Healing Source : color + design, Ron Reed, 2012 & Functional color and design in health care environments by : Glidden Professional
  • 10. Use of Color In Hospitals : Relaxed, renewal, freshness, reduce allergic responses. Can ease tremors, twitching, and muscle spasms Purity, cleanliness, birth. Was documented by Arab physician Avicenna as an indicator of spleen disorder based on whitening of skin color Reference : Color + Design by Ron Reed, University of North Texas
  • 11. Related Works:  Evidence Based Designers (EBD) are practitioners employ credible data and research to influence design decisions.  In the 1990s, the Center for Health Design, a non-profit organization, was committed to advancing design in healthcare settings to improve patient outcomes. They launched the Pebble Project in 2000 to encourage the adoption of stricter research methodology, data collection and collaboration for healthcare designers.  Color in Healthcare Environments: This color study was funded by the Coalition for Health Environments Research (CHER, now known as The Center for Health Design [CHD] CHER) in 2002-2003, and written by Ruth Brent Tofle, PhD; Benyamin Schwarz, PhD; So-Yeon Yoon, MA; and Andrea Max-Royale, MEDes.
  • 12. Discussion/ Conclusion: • • In conclusion , first, we discuss about the use of color in healthcare settings currently is not based on significant research. It is based on highly biased observations, and pseudo-scientific assertions. If we want to have evidence-based guidelines, we need to understand what particular colors are supposed to do, and why, before we can proceed to implement them in a healthcare setting and before we can judge whether these colors do it well. Future Work: • The future work will be creation of interactive interface which helps in changing the color of the room and also dress color of doctors according to health condition of patient.
  • 13. Deliverables: • A booklet / Info-graphics / Series of Posters. References : • • • • Color + Design ( Book)---- Ron Reed, University of North Texas Color in Healthcare Environments: This color study was funded by the Coalition for Health Environments Research (CHER, now known as The Center for Health Design [CHD] CHER) in 2002-2003, and written by Ruth Brent Tofle, PhD; Benyamin Schwarz, PhD; So-Yeon Yoon, MA; and Andrea Max-Royale, MEDes Creating a Healing Environment in the ICU. Chapter 3 article by Renee Rubert L. Dianne Long Melissa L. Hutchinson Lighting and color for hospital design : A Report on an NHS Estates Funded Research Project Hilary Dalke*, Paul J Littlefair+, David L Loe+, +BRE, *London South Bank University
  • 14. • • The Application of color in Health Care Settings book by Sheila J. Bosch, PhD, LEED AP, EDAC Director of Research Gresham, Smith and Partners Rosalyn Cama, FASID, EDAC President and Principal CAMA Inc. Eve Edelstein, MArch, PhD, EDAC, Assoc AIA, F-AAA President Innovative Design Science Jain Malkin, CID, AAHID, EDAC President JAIN MALKIN INC Wood and Human Health : Wood & Human Health series , David Fell, FP Innovations, The University of British Columbia Online Resources: • A summary of Color in Healthcare Environments: A Critical Review of the Research Literature by JEAN M. YOUNG, ASID, CID, AAHID : from internet Link : http://www.healthcaredesignmagazine.com/article/summary- colorhealthcare-environments-critical-review-research-literature
  • 15. • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) The Effect of Health Care Working Conditions on Patient Safety. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment: Number 74. AHRQ Publication No. 03E024, 2003: http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/epcsums/worksum.htm • • • • Functional Color and Design in Healthcare Environments Sponsored by Glidden Professional: Link: http://continuingeducation.construction.com/crs.php?L=222&C=928 Guideline for ICU Design: http://www.sccm.org/professional_resources/guidelines/table_of_contents/docu ments/ICU_design.pdf
  • 16. • Healing by Design: www.muhc-healing.mcgill.ga/english/speakers/hamilton_pl.html • Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Patient Centered Care, and the Planetree Model: http://www.ihi.org • The Pebble Project: http://www.healthdesign.org/research/pebble/ • Smith J., & Crawford, L. Report of findings from the practice and professional issues survey Spring National Council of State Boards of Nursing, 2004 (15): http://www.ncsbn.org/pdfs/RB15_SO3PPI_ESforWeb.pdf 2003.
  • 17. Thank You