Introduction to Community Asset Mapping
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Introduction to Community Asset Mapping

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Introducing Community Asset Mapping to MSW Students to facilitate their field work observation and learning in a municipal ward of Madurai city with million+ population

Introducing Community Asset Mapping to MSW Students to facilitate their field work observation and learning in a municipal ward of Madurai city with million+ population

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  • Really appreciated this mapping post. I'm very interested in takign these ideas online to make more transparency and accountability. It would be great to learn more from you on your own experiences. Do let me know how we may get in touch. You can read morea bout me on my blog at https://cased.wordpress.com
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  • Thanks for posting this up Rengasamy. Just wondering if you can further share your community mapping experience with me. Do you have any reports/best practices? We are doing one here in Canada.
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Introduction to Community Asset Mapping Introduction to Community Asset Mapping Presentation Transcript

  • Adopting Asset Mapping in an Urban Ward in Madurai City Introducing the concept to MSW I year Students of Madurai Institute of Social Sciences S.Rengasamy S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
    • This presentation is based on our field work experience in an urban ward (Ward No 5 K.Pudur) within Madurai Municipal Corporation limit.
    • The reason for selecting this ward is, it is located very near to our College, Madurai Institute of Social Sciences.
    • The Image (Flyer) prepared in the
    • year 2003 indicates our desire to
    • organize participatory workshops to
    • understand an urban ward. Ten
    • different types of participatory
    • exercises were planned to use
  • This map is generated using GPS and used as a base map to understand and locate the community assets in the area. The efforts to create this map will be better appreciated if one see the original map supplied by the corporation, existing for more than 130 years as a municipality and then as a municipal corporation for the second biggest city with a million + population in Tamilnadu
    • This map is generated using GPS and used as a base map to understand and locate the community assets in the area. The efforts to create this map will be better appreciated if one see the original map supplied by the corporation, existing for more than 130 years as a municipality and then as a municipal corporation for the second biggest city in Tamilnadu with a million + population
  • Uncovering Local Assets The Foundation for Building Stronger Communities S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
    • Ask Questions
    • John McKnight who pioneered the concept of asset mapping would ask many questions of the thousands of communities he visited
    • “ What have you done that has been
    • successful in your community that you could
    • share with others?”
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Learning from the field… Collecting Stories
    • The practitioners of asset based community development collected thousands of stories about what makes successful local initiatives
    • What are the building blocks the communities used?
    • What is the stuff the communities used?
    • What are the “ingredients” the communities
    • used?
    • Over and over 5 ingredients appeared in all
    • the communities
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
    • John McKnight has written a book based on his experience which reminded people what the 5 ingredients are and the stories communities told that make them successful
    • Each story does not use all 5 ingredients
    • The story was written as a book “Asset Based Community Development”
    • It is the most popular book on “community development”, selling over 95,000 copies and over 20,000 given away
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Needs Vs Capacities Understanding Needs
    • A “need” is defined as a gap or discrepancy between an existing state of affairs (what is) and the desired or preferred results (what should be)
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW What Is? What Should Be? A Need “ Gap Between A & B” A B
  • What is a Needs Assessment?
    • A formal tool that involves the identification of gaps
    • Placing gaps in some type of priority order
    • Making decisions on which of the priority needs warrant the attention and resources of the community
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Starting With Needs: Is it Putting the Cart Before the Horse?
    • When we start with an assessment of local needs, we convey a message that communities and the people who reside within them are fundamentally deficient
    • Leaves impression that local people are unable to take charge of their lives and their community’s future
    • Deficiency models don’t tend to focus on the development of plans to mobilize the entire community
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Start with Capacity-Development
    • Community development, to be successful over the long-term, must focus within the community -- on the very people and organizations that are located there
    • Thus, a key first step in CD is to map the capacities, skills, and assets of local citizens and organizations
    • When we uncover local assets, we have a rich reservoir of resources available to address issues of local concern
    • The key is to effectively marshal these local strengths in order to collaboratively address issues of importance to the community
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Needs vs.. Assets NEEDS ASSETS Focuses on deficiencies  Focuses on effectiveness Results in fragmentation of responses to local needs  Builds interdependencies Makes people consumers of services; builds dependence Identifies ways that people can give of their talents  Residents have little voice in deciding how to address local concerns  seeks to empower people S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • 5 Assets are a reality
    • These 5 ingredients or ASSETS are a reality just like a map of Tamilnadu or any other area
    • The Assets are not a theory
    • The Assets are not invented
    • All communities contain the 5 Assets
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Community Assets S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW Economic Education Political Religious Associations Kinship
  • First Asset - CITIZENS
    • The first asset that appears in every story is the local residents = Citizens
    • Recognized as an individual
    • Landowners
    • Tenants
    • Employees
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Second Asset - ASSOCIATIONS
    • The second asset are: groups of local residents that come together
    • They are not paid
    • They care
    • Technical name is Associations
      • Neighborhood Associations
      • Block Clubs
      • Athletic Groups
      • Prayer groups
    • Associations appear in lots of stories about successful communities
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Third Asset - INSTITUTIONS
    • The third asset are: groups of people that gather but are paid to do what they do to produce services
    • Organized like a triangle - hierarchy
    • Institutions CANNOT CARE
    • Three kinds of institutions
      • For Profit – hospitals & private schools
      • Not for profit – goodwill
      • Government – city hall, library
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Fourth Asset - LAND
    • The fourth asset is: the land and everything on it
      • Infrastructure
      • Buildings
      • Streets
      • Utilities
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Fifth Asset – ECONOMY
    • The last asset that we cannot draw is: the Economy
      • Things that are shared
      • Things that are traded
      • Things that are purchased
      • Things that are exchanged
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • 5 Assets in Asset Based Community Development
    • CITIZENS
    • ASSOCIATIONS
    • INSTITUTIONS
    • LAND
    • ECONOMY
    Informal Organizations/Associations Formal Institutions Institutions Land Economy People S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Individual
    • Asset Based Community Development says that “people are the answer” the focus is:
      • finding who has what assets
      • how to connect assets
      • how to get people to contribute their assets to help solve problems
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Social Services vs. ABCD
    • The major difference between the social services model of looking at people and the ABCD model can be summed up as how each looks at the “individual”
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW we are citizens (someone that contributes to the community) We are the answer We can all make a contribution Community can take pride in itself Local relationships are important and improved We are equal with others – we work together we are clients (someone who is controlled) We are deficient We need to be fixed We are dependent The agency can fix us -- if we listen to them Asset Based CD model Social Services model
  • Alexis De Tocqueville:
    • “ In those places where one encounters very powerful and rich men, the weak and poor feel, as it were, burdened by their lowly status and since they discover no means of being able to recover equality, they lose any sense of hope in themselves, drifting below any standards of human dignity .”
    (1805-1859) S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Asset Mapping
    • Individuals have:
      • Gifts
      • Talents
      • Dreams
      • Hopes
      • Fears
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Focus on Gifts
    • Everyone has them – we learn ways to hide them
    • Can remove negative labels – diabetic / drug addict / handicapped
    • Gifts are not gifts unless they are shared
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Personal “assets”
    • Gifts of the head – things you know about (birds, movies, art history)
    • Gifts of the hands – things you know how to do (carpentry, gardening, cooking)
    • Gifts of the heart – things you care deeply about (environment, education )
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Asset Mapping Questions
    • Exercise
    • What gift (skill, interest, hobby) do you have that would surprise most people?
    • What makes you a great family member?
    • What “absorbs” you enough that you lose track of time?
    • What really good thing is going on in your neighborhood?
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Why do asset mapping?
    • It is a guide for relationship building, not just data.
    • Knowing others in your community that have similar interests allows groups to gather for a common cause
    • Asset mapping is a very powerful tool in community building.
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • What motivates people?
    • Think about a book drive to help a youth center.
    • Someone that contributes may care about:
    • the kids having something safe to do
    • learning about a particular subject such as art
    • understanding the history of their ancestors
    • getting rid of some old books…
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Roles for Individuals:
    • Leader – someone that can bring people together to work on an issue
    • Gift Giver – a person that is willing to contribute their asset to work on an issue.
    • Invisible Person – a person that has not yet been “discovered” or been convinced to use their assets to help achieve their dreams for or fix their concerns in the neighborhood.
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Roles for Individuals
    • Connector – an individual that is good at discovering what people care about and where their assets can be used.
      • Gift centered
      • Well connected
      • Trusted
      • Believe they are welcome
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Associations & Institutions
    • How they are organized will tell you what they are
    • Institutions are triangles and Associations are circles
    • You need to know what tools to use because each require different tools
    • You do not want to use a hammer to trim a tree
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Citizen Hat vs. Professional Hat
    • It is your “citizen hat” that is your wisdom hat
    • Your “professional hat” is used while you are at work not in your community
    • As a citizen you are recognized as a
      • Person with a gift to give
      • Mother/Father
      • Neighbor
      • Friend
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Institutions & Associations How are they organized? S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW Capacity Needs Citizens Clients, Consumers Care (Love) Produce Goods & Services Consent – Not Paid Control – Paid ASSOCIATIONS INSTITUTIONS
  • “WHO CARES?”
    • Care, unlike service, cannot be produced.
    • Care is the consenting commitment one has for the other, freely given.
    • Care cannot be mandated, managed or produced as a service can.
    • One of the great errors in most policy making maps is the pretension that systems can “produce care.”
    • Care is the domain of the associational community.
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Glass ½ Full or ½ Empty
    • In the symbolic example of the glass filled to the middle with liquid, the system needs the empty half while the community needs the full half.
    • The service system needs a client. They need to create jobs and need your needs.
    • The community needs a citizen with assets to contribute.
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • People and Communities have deficiencies & needs Individuals and Communities have skills and talents S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Why do Associations Fail?
    • Associations fail when they confuse themselves as institutions and institutions as associations
        • Associations CARE
        • Institutions CANNOT CARE
    • Decide on an answer and try to get people involved in doing the answer
    • Exclude people
    • Hand over vision to an institution
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Three Examples that make bigger Triangles
    • Outreach – Triangle moves a small piece of them into the circle
    • Volunteering – Triangle gets citizens to volunteer to a triangle cause, they have to follow the rules of the triangle game
    • Citizen Advisory Group – Triangle assembles people around them to get them to do what the triangles want
    • None of these help the Circles and are not community building and not a partnership
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Institutions
    • How do we turn our institutions from a fortress into a treasure chest?
    • Respect they are organized for Consistency, Sustainability and Reliability
    • Produce Services, Cannot produce Care
    • Strong communities make strong institutions … they can be community serving by local action
        • Purchasing, Investment & Banking, School Involvement, Accountability: Local people serving on Boards & Committees, Staff contributes time, resources and effort to community, Contributing use of space and equipment, Opening doors
    • Economic power, Grants
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Successful Communities
    • Connect neighborhoods & use many gifts
    • Created at the core an association of associations – Associations are the Lords
    • Citizens have the final responsibility of outcome & work – Institutions become the Servants with assets
    • Group of local citizens join together to create a vision with common goals
      • Discover what they have
      • Discover what they want to do
      • Decide how they want to do it
      • Take action and DO IT
    • Implement vision, want support for contributions & production not for deficits
    • Needs of Community should be the last question
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Association Mapping
    • Exercise
    • What associations you have found in the area?
    • Formal and Informal
    • Education Groups, Charitable Groups, Animal Care Groups, Anti Crime
    • Groups, Civic Events Groups, Cultural Groups, Addiction Prevention and
    • Recover Groups, Disability/Special Needs Groups,, Elderly Groups,
    • Environmental Groups, Family Support Groups, Health Advocacy &
    • Fitness Groups, Heritage Groups, Hobby Groups, Men’s Groups,
    • Mentoring Groups, Self Help Groups, Neighborhood Improvement Groups,
    • Political Organizations, Recreation Groups, Religious Groups, Service
    • Groups, Social Groups, Social Cause/Advocacy Issue Groups, Trade
    • Union Groups, Women’s Groups, Youth Groups
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • Taking ABCD Home ABCD - Asset Based Community Development
    • Determine community goal
    • Find allies
    • Determine additional players
    • Decide how to bring them on board
    • Identify assets to contribute from your institution, association, and/or individually
    • Utilize these resources to map and mobilize community
    • Come back to ABCD Intensive to share stories, successes and challenges
    S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW
  • S.Rengasamy Unit for Madurai Studies Field Work MISS MSW