Preliminary medical research in
animals has confirmed the potential
contraceptive and abortifacient
capability of papaya, and also found
that papaya seeds have
contraceptive effects in adult
male langur monkeys and possibly in
adult male humans
Unripe papaya is especially effective in large
amounts or high doses. Ripe papaya is
not teratogenic and will not cause miscarriage in
small amounts. Physiochemical in papaya may
suppress the effects of progesterone.
Other preliminary research indicates
alternate possible effects which remain to be
further studied. Papaya juice has
an invitro anti proliferative effect on liver
cancer cells, possibly due to lycopene or
immune system stimulation.
Papaya seeds might contain antibacterial
properties against Escheria coil
In the 1990s, the papaya ringspot virus
threatened to wipe out Hawaii's papaya
causes premature molting and
malformation of the leaves
In 2004,it was found that papayas throughout Hawaii had
experienced hybridization with the genetically modified varieties
and that many seed stocks were contaminated.By 2010,80%of
Hawaiian papaya plants were genetically modified.
The papaya is also susceptible to
the fruit fly , a small wasp like insect
that lays eggs in young fruits.
ENERGY 163kJ (39 kcal)
SUGARS 5.9 g
DIETARY FIBRE 1.8 g
FAT 0.14 g
VITAMIN A EQUIV. 328 μg (41%)
THIAMINE (VIT.B1) 0.04 mg (3%)
RIBOFLAVIN (VIT.B2) 0.05 mg (4%)
NIACIN (VIT. B3) 0.338 mg (2%)
VITAMIN B6 0.1 mg (8%)
FOLATE(VITB9) 38 μg (10%)
VITAMIN C 61.8 mg (74%)
CALCIUM 24 mg (2%)
IRON 0.10 mg (1%)
PHOSPHOROUS 5 mg (1%)
The unripe green fruit can be eaten cooked
,usually in curries, salads and stews.
Green papayas is used in south eastern
cooking , both raw and cooked.
In Thai cuisine, papaya is used to make som
tam and kaenq som when still not fully ripe.
In Indonesian cuisine ,the unripe green fruits and
young leaves are boiled for use as part of lalab
salad ,while the flower buds are sautéed and stir
fried with chillies and green tomatoes as
Minahasan ,papaya flower vegetable dish.
Papaya is marketed in tablet form to remedy
Papain is also applied topically for the treatment
of cuts ,rashes , stings and burns.
Papain ointment is commonly made from
fermented papaya flesh,and is applied as
gel like paste.
Enslaved women in the West Indies were noted
for consuming papaya to preganancies
and thus preventing their children from being
born into slavery.
Papaya is frequently used as hair conditioner, but
should be used in small amounts . Papaya releases a
latex fluid which can cause irritation and provoke
allergic reactions in some people.
The papaya fruit, seeds , latex and leaves also
contains carpaine which can be dangerous in high
It is speculated that the latex concentration of unripe
papayas may cause uterine contractions , which may
lead to miscarriage.
Papaya seeds extracts in large doses have a
contraceptive effect on rats and monkeys , but in
small doses have no effect on the unborn animals.
Excessive consumption of papaya can cause
carotenemia , the yellowing of soles and palms which
is otherwise harmless. However a very large dose
would need to be consumed; papaya contains about
6% of the level of beta carotene found in carrots.