Growth n development with principles

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Growth n development with principles

  1. 1. PSYCHOLOGY GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>Growth can be defined as an increase in size, length, height, and weight or the changes in quantitative aspects of an organism. </li></ul><ul><li>  Development is a series of orderly progression towards maturity. It implies overall qualitative changes resulting in the improved functioning of the organism. </li></ul>
  3. 3. GROWTH VS DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>quantitative changes in size, weight number etc. </li></ul><ul><li>one of the parts of development. </li></ul><ul><li>changes that take place in particular aspects of the body & behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>continue throughout life but stops with the attainment of maturity </li></ul><ul><li>changes may be measured </li></ul><ul><li>quantitative & observable </li></ul><ul><li>may or may not bring about development . </li></ul><ul><li>qualitative </li></ul><ul><li>changes in the quality </li></ul><ul><li>overall changes in the individual. Growth is one of its parts </li></ul><ul><li>describes the changes in the organism as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>continuous process- from womb to tomb </li></ul><ul><li>changes are qualitative in nature & cannot be measured- can be assessed </li></ul><ul><li>possible without growth </li></ul>
  4. 4. PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>There are seven principles of development that have been put forth from the scientific knowledge gained from observing children. </li></ul>
  5. 5. PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>PRINCIPLE OF CONTINUOUS DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPLE OF ORDERLY DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPLE OF SEQUENTIAL DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPLE OF UNIQUE DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPLE OF INTER-RELATED DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPLE OF INTERACTION OF HEREDITY & ENVIROMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPLE OF INTERACTION OF MATURATION & LEARNING </li></ul>
  6. 6. PRINCIPLE OF CONTINUOUS DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>This states that development is a continuous process. </li></ul><ul><li>Only disease or severe malnutrition may halt its continuity for some time. </li></ul>
  7. 7. PRINCIPLE OF ORDERLY DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>It states that development proceeds from general to specific directions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. PRINCIPLE OF SEQUENTIAL DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>According to this, development follows a sequential pattern wherein puberty is achieved before full physical structure. </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRINCIPLE OF UNIQUE DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>This states that even though there is a set pattern of development every individual differs with regards to the time he achieves the changes. </li></ul><ul><li>For ex. All children crawl before standing but the age at which they perform these activities is different. </li></ul>
  10. 10. PRINCIPLE OF INTER-RELATED DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>This states that the three types of developments that take place in an individual are social, mental and emotional. </li></ul><ul><li>However these three are inter-related and one doesn’t exist without the other. </li></ul>
  11. 11. PRINCIPLE OF INTERACTION OF HEREDITY & ENVIROMENT <ul><li>According to this principle, an individual is the product of his heredity and environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though the genes play an important role in determining the rate and quality of growth and development, his socio-cultural, emotional and physical environment has its own importance. </li></ul>
  12. 12. PRINCIPLE OF INTERACTION OF MATURATION & LEARNING <ul><li>Maturation refers to the changes in the developing organism due to ripening of abilities, characteristics, traits, behaviour due to training etc. </li></ul><ul><li>This principle states that the interaction of the maturity and learning process of an individual influences growth and development. </li></ul>
  13. 13. STAGES OF CHILD’S DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>Every child is a changing, growing and developing organism. Rousseau attempted to divide the child’s development into 4 stages.  </li></ul><ul><li>infancy lasting upto 5 years, </li></ul><ul><li>childhood lasting upto 12 years, </li></ul><ul><li>adolescence upto 18 years </li></ul><ul><li>maturity from 18 years onwards </li></ul>

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