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  • 2. WHY SHOULD WE KNOW ABOUT CANCER? • It is estimated that  The estimated number about 9 million new cancer cases are diagnosed every year and over 4.5 million people die from cancer each year in the world. of new cancers in India per year is about 7 lakhs and over 3.5 lakhs people die of cancer each year.
  • 3. PREVALENCE IN A.P  According to Dr. T. Mandapal, the director of the MNJ Cancer Institute, Hyderabad, presently Andhra Pradesh has between 2.5 and 3 lakh cancer patients and 150-200 new cases are diagnosed every day.
  • 4. PREVALENCE IN OUR DISTRICT STATISTICS OF TREATMENT TAKEN FOR VARIOUS DISEASES IN KHAMMAM DISTRICT UNDER AROGYA SRI TRUST BETWEEN 2008-2012 CANCER 10691 HEART PROBLEMS KIDNEY PROBLEMS As per the report published on 25th August in the district edition of Eenadu newspaper, cancer is the most prevalent disease (32.66%) for which patients have been treated under Arogya Sri scheme. 6136 6056 ACCIDENTAL INJURIES 5116 COMMON DISEASES 2540 BRAIN, NERVES 2196
  • 5. IS CANCER 100% CURABLE??????? YES…….…IF DETECTED EARLY!!!!   Early detection of cancer is very important because at the time when cancer start developing in human body, in most of the cancer cases depending on the type of cancer it doesn’t show any early symptoms like Jaundice, Malaria, etc.. And also if cancer is detected and treated at the early stage then it is 100% curable.
  • 6. WHAT IS CANCER?  Cancer is a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body.  The cancer cells keep on growing and making new cells. They crowd out normal cells.  A malignant growth or tumor resulting from such a division of cells causes problems in the part of the body where the cancer started.
  • 7. WHY IS CRAB ( )THE SYMBOL OF CANCER?  “Cancer” is the Latin word for  Similarly cancer spreads crab. from the place at which it  In its natural habitat, a crab is first arose as a primary a fast, resilient decapod tumor to distant locations crustacean that springs to in the body. action and moves in multiple directions.
  • 8. HOW DOES IT SPREAD IN OUR BODY? •The cells within malignant tumors have the ability to invade neighboring tissues and organs, thus spreading the disease. •It is also possible for cancerous cells to break free from the tumor site and enter the bloodstream, spreading the disease to other organs. •This process of spreading is called metastasis.
  • 9. STAGES OF CANCER     Stage 0 : Carcinoma in situ Stage I : Cancers are localized to one part of the body. Stage II : Cancers are locally advanced. Stage III : Cancers are also locally advanced. The specific criteria for Stages II and III differ according to diagnosis.  Stage IV : Cancers have often metastasized, or spread to other organs or throughout the body.
  • 10. STAGES OF CANCER (colon) Stage 0: Very early cancer on the innermost layer of the intestine Stage I: Cancer is in the inner layers of the colon Stage II: Cancer has spread through the muscle wall of the colon Stage III: Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes Stage IV: Cancer that has spread to other organs
  • 11. WHICH PARTS OF THE BODY ARE AFFECTED BY CANCER?  Almost all the major parts of our body may be affected by cancer.
  • 13. AVOID
  • 16. SYMPTOMS OF CANCER ‽A lump or hard area in the breast ‽A change in a wart or mole ‽A persistent cough or hoarseness ‽A persistent change in digestive and bowel habits
  • 17. SYMPTOMS OF CANCER ‽Unexplained loss of weight ‽A wound that has not healed for a long time ‽Blood loss from any natural orifice ‽ Abnormal menstrual periods
  • 18. WHICH TREATMENT IS BEST FOR CANCER???  When initially diagnosed with cancer, a cancer specialist (called an oncologist) will provide the patient with cancer treatment options.  He or she will recommend the best treatment plan based on the type of cancer, how far it has spread, and other important factors like age and general health.  Ultimately, it is the patient who makes the treatment decisions based on doctor's recommendations, possible second opinions, and other information gathered from qualified professionals.
  • 19. TREATMENT OF CANCER  There are four standard methods:  surgery,  chemotherapy,  radiation therapy, and  immunotherapy/biologic therapy.
  • 20. APPROACHES TO CONTROL CANCER  There are four principal approaches to cancer control: 1. Prevention 2. Early Detection 3. Diagnosis and Treatment 4. Palliative Care
  • 22. EARLY DETECTION  Early detection of cancer greatly increases the chances for successful treatment.  There are two major components of early detection of cancer:  education to promote early diagnosis  screening.
  • 23. PROPER DIAGNOSIS  Recognizing possible warning signs of cancer and taking prompt action leads to early diagnosis.  Early diagnosis is particularly relevant for cancers of the breast, cervix, mouth, larynx, colon and rectum, and skin.  Screening is the presumptive identification of unrecognized disease or defects by means of tests, examinations, or other procedures that can be applied rapidly.
  • 24. GOOD TREATMENT  Take good treatment as per the oncologists advice.  We can use Arogyasri and white ration cards for availing free treatment.  Train tickets are also issued free for the patient and at concessional rates for the attendant.
  • 25. PALLIATIVE CARE  This is the care and support given to improve the quality of life of patients.  Psychological, social, and spiritual problems are taken care of.  Palliative care is given throughout a patient’s experience with cancer. It should begin at diagnosis and continue through treatment, follow-up care, and the end of life.
  • 26. SPREAD AWARENESS  Know cancer better.  Work as a volunteer.  Tell friends and other people about cancer.  Conduct seminars, workshops, walks etc.  Put up posters, banners.
  • 28. LET US FIGHT CANCER!!!!!!
  • 29. THANK YOU!!