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  • 1. Spices/Raw Spices Ajowan Ajwain (carom seeds) nutrition facts Strongly pungent and aromatic, ajwain seeds are one of the popular spices commonly feature in Indian and Middle-Eastern cuisines. Botanically, the spicy seeds belong to the family of apiaceae (umbelliferae), of the genus, Trachyspermum. Scientific name: Trachyspermum copticum. The umbellifers are the members of carrot or parsley family, which includes many herbs and spices such as dill, fennel, anise seed, and caraway. Some of common names for the seeds are ajowan seeds, carom seeds etc. Health benefits of Ajwain• Ajwain seeds contain many health benefiting essential oils such as thymol, a monopterone derivative class of chemical compound, which gives aromatic fragrances to seeds. It also contains -pinene, cymene, limonene and terpinene.• The active principles in the ajwain may help increase the digestive function of the intestinal tract by increasing gut juices (gastro-intestinal secretions).• Thymol, the essential oil obtained from ajwain has local anaesthetic and anti-bacterial and antifungal properties• Like caraway, ajowan seeds are rich in fiber, minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants. Medicinal uses• Ajwain seeds have long been used in traditional ayurvedic and unani medicines for various ailments. Extraction obtained from this spice sometimes used as carminative in treating flatulence and indigestion.• Thymols germicide and antiseptic properties utilized in many cough remedies. In India, the seeds are used to ease asthma.• Ajwain seed oil has highest percentage of thymol. Culinary uses Ajwain seeds mainly feature in savory Indian, Pakistani, and Middle-Eastern cooking. In order to keep the fragrance and flavor intact, ajowan seeds generally crushed just before preparing dishes and added to the cooking recipes at final stages. This is because prolonged cooking results in evaporation of essential oils.• In Punjab province of India and Pakistan, the spice seeds particularly added to make bread known as ajwain paratha.• Some Indian vegetarian bean/lentil and chicken/fish curries contain this spice and in the Middle-East, it is used to flavor meat and rice dishes.• The seeds generously used in snacks, spicy biscuits, to flavor drinks, soups, sauces in India.• They also used in pickling along with fenugreek, mustard seeds, turmeric etc. Anise• Scientific name: Pimpinella anisum
  • 2. • Family: Apiaceae• Origin: Eastern Mediterranean region and southwest Asia• Part used: bulb, leaves, seeds and the roots.• Medicinal properties: carminative, antispasmodic, expectorant Anise is plant that grows up to eighteen inches in height; it is a popular culinary herb that is used extensively as a flavoring in different dishes. It is mostly used for dishes that have a touch of sweetness or a bit of spice. Its flowers are small, yellowish white, whereas the leaves are feather shaped. The fruit of anise is flat, oval seeds and grayish to brown in color. It is this part that has a wide variety of medicinal as well as culinary uses. Nutrient content: The vitamins, the B complex (B1, B2), C, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sulphur, iron, aromatic essences. Medicinal Benefits:• Anise has long been known as an aphrodisiac.• Anise tea aids digestion, it is also helpful for problems like flatulence, colic and bloating that comes from gas. Drink a 1 cup after meal.• Anise can help relieve menstrual cramps.• Anise seed can help to stimulate the pancreas, it is responsible for regulating insulin and some hormones. When the pancreas is functioning well you will lower your risk for diabetes and other hormonal problems.• Anise oil can help relieve cough and cold because it acts as an expectorant.• Anise can help relax the body therefore preventing insomnia.• Anise is a mild anti-parasitic.• Anise leaves can help relieve toothache.• Anise oil is used to treat lice and scabies. Preparation and Dosage:• Infusion: Place 1 tsp of anise seed in 250 ml boiled water for 30 seconds. Drink 1 cup every after meal.• Decoction: The decoction is made from 30 gm. of roots boiled in one liter of water for 20-30 minutes. Drink 1 cup every after meal. Other Uses: Anise essential oil is use as an aromatic therapy you can also take whole seeds and place them in a sachet to flood your senses of the light fragrance. The seeds are also added to oral hygiene products like toothpaste and mouthwash in order to enhance their flavor and effectiveness. Asofoetida Asafoetida - Uses and Benefits Scientific Name: Ferula Assa-Foetida, Umbelliferae Botanical name: Ferula asafoetida Family name: Apiaceae Oleogum Asafoetida is an herbal medicine used to treat nervousness, bronchitis, and gas pain. Other names for Asafoetida include: Ferula foetida, Devils Dung, and Giant Fennel. Asafoetida is a species of Ferula
  • 3. native to Iran. It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 2 m tall, with stout, hollow, somewhat succulent stems 5-8 cm diameter at the base of the plant. Asafoetida is the dried latex exuded from the living underground rhizome or tap root of several species of Ferula , which is a perennial herb.. The leaves are 30-40 cm long, tripinnate or even more finely divided, with a stout basal sheath clasping the stem. The flowers are yellow, produced in large compound umbels. There are two main varieties of asafoetida. Milky white asafoetida and Red asafoetida. Asafoetida is acrid and bitter in taste and emits a strong disagreeable pungent odour due to the presence of sulphur compounds therein. Asafoetida, also known as Narthex or Hing. Recognized by its overwhelming odor which has given rise to at least one of its many popular names, "devils dung".Asafoetida powder is a crucial ingredient in Indian vegetarian cooking. Side Effects of Asafoetida:- You may have the following side effects, but this medicine may also cause other side effects. Tell your doctor if you have side effects that you think are caused by this medicine.• Skin rash.• Swollen lips, stomach burning, burping, headaches, and dizziness if too much is taken. Uses of Asafoetida:- It includes the following steps:-• It is used to help relieve flatulence, abdominal pains, and digestive disorders and will kick-start peristalsis to prevent constipation.• Asafoetida is commonly used to treat bloating and gas to prevent flatulence, but it also quells stomach cramps, eases indigestion, and relieves constipation.• Asafoetida combines the properties of a stimulating antispasmodic with those of an efficient expectorant, making it a valuable remedy in spasmodic affections of the respiratory tract, as whooping-cough, asthma, etc.• It is powdered and mixed with ghee and rice and served to women after childbirth.It helps in relieving toothache.• Using the dried gum, this herb helps relieve headache pain and shows promise in treating migraines and tension headaches when mixed with water.• Efficient in preventing snake bites and repelling insects when mixed with garlic.• Asafoetida used for food stagnation, weak digestion, intestinal parasites and flatulence as well as asthma, whooping cough and chronic bronchitis.• It is also a laxative , especially useful in cases of flatulence.• Asafoetida was one of the most commonly prescribed herbs for the treatment of hysteria and for many symptoms associated with mood swings and depression.• Benefits of Asafoetida seed treatment for jowar becomes immune to drought conditions, increase in resistance to diseases, increase in crop yield.• Black Pepper/White Pepper• Origin: South India• Scientific name: Piper nigrum• Family: Pepper family (Piperaceae)
  • 4. • Medicinal Properties: Antispasmodic, Anti-toxic, Carminative, Digestive, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Laxative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Warm, Muscle Relaxant, Circulation• Active Constituent: The spiciness of black pepper is due to the chemical piperine, which is found both in the outer fruit and in the seed. Pepper plant is a flowering vine cultivated for its fruit. The plant grow up to 33 feet, they begin to bear small white clustered flowers after 3 to 4 years and develop into berries which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. In dried form, the fruit is known as peppercorn and the ground peppercorns produce the spice we call pepper. How Peppercorn is produce? Peppercorn is produced from the still-green unripe berries of the pepper plant. The berries are cooked briefly in hot water, to clean them and to prepare them for drying. The heat breaks cell walls in the fruit, speeding the work of browning enzymes during drying. The berries are dried in the sun or by machine for several days, during which the fruit around the seed shrinks and darkens into a thin, wrinkled black layer. Once dried, the fruits are called black peppercorns. Health Benefits:• The active chemical (piperine) in peppercorn has been shown to dramatically increase absorption of selenium, vitamin B and beta-carotene as well as other nutrients.• Pepper stimulates appetite.• Pepper help to stimulate the secretion of digestive juices known as hydrochloric acid. This acid is responsible for breaking down protein in the stomach. If we dont make enough hydrochloric acid, we develop conditions like poor digestion, heartburn or symptoms of indigestion.• Pepper has the ability to diminish the amount of gas in the intestinal tract. This leads to less flatulence and bloating.• Pepper contains a good amount of antioxidant properties.• Pepper can help prevent bacterial growth, especially in the intestinal tract.• Pepper is a good activator of herbal formulations, for instance pepper is added to turmeric to increase its potency.• Pepper help enhance circulation and get oxygen to the brain. In addition, it may help keep your joints and respiratory system healthy.• The outer skin of the peppercorn may help enhance metabolism, leading to weight loss.• Cinnamon Benefits of Cinnamon have been known for over 5,000 years and were recognised by the Egyptians, Ancient Romans, and in Ayurvedic Medicine in Ceylon. Cinnamon is the brown bark of the Cinnamon tree, and is available in a dried, tubular form known as a quills, or as a Ground powder. Benefits of Cinnamon include • lower LDL cholesterol ( the bad cholesterol ), total cholesterol, and triglycerides. • have a regulatory effect on blood sugar levels, making it particularly helpful for people that suffer from type 2 diabetes. • have an anti-clotting effect on the blood. • inhibit bacterial growth and food spoilage when added to food, making it a natural food preservative. • boost cognitive function and memory when smelt. • a source of manganese, fibre, iron, and calcium. • the combination of calcium and fibre in cinnamon can help to remove bile, which prevents damage to colon, which helps prevent colon cancer. • stop the growth of bacteria and fungi (such as the common yeast, Candida)
  • 5. However you must ensure that you buy real Cinnamon and not Cassia a substitute for real Cinnamon. The Cinnamon sold in the USA and Canada is mostly Casssia. 1. Real Cinnamon has the lowest Coumarin content Cassia which is sold as Cinnamon in the USA has more than 1250 times more Coumarin than Real Cinnamon.What is Coumarin ? Coumarin is a flavoring which is found in high concentrations in “Cassia” .Relatively small amounts of Coumarin can damage the liver of particularly sensitive individuals. Real Cinnamon only contains very low levels of Coumarin (0.004%) which is considered safe for consumption. By contrast, “Cassia” contains high levels of Coumarin ( 5%) and large amounts of this cinnamon should not, therefore, be consumed. 2. Real Cinnamon is free of chemicals and pesticides Our Cinnamon is grown free of chemicals and pesticides 3. Real Cinnamon is much sweeter than Cassia Real Cinnamon is much sweeter than “Cassia”, hence you could reduce on the sugar in all your recipes. Real Cinnamon has a more refined taste than the harsh taste of “Cassia”. 4. Real Cinnamon is shipped to you within days of harvest We are the only company in the world that grinds your Cinnamon on the day of dispatch. 5. You are buying Real Cinnamon pure and straight from source Get it pure and straight from source - India Fennel Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) The fennel plant is a versatile vegetable which has a long history of herbal use and is commonly used household remedy. The part used are the seeds, leaf stalks, flowers and roots, but the seeds are mainly used because it has the most active medicinal properties. Fennel leaves and flower heads are eaten raw or cooked. The essential oil from the fully ripened and dried fennel seed is used as a food flavoring in cakes, bread, brandy based drinks. The leaves or the seeds can be used to make a pleasant-tasting herbal tea. Apart from these uses of fennel, there are numerous medicinal uses and health benefits, mainly due to the components of its essential oils. The oil is present in relatively large amounts, from 3-6% of the total weight. Nutrient Content of Fennel leaves per 100 g:• Iron: 2.7mg• Calcium: 109mg• Carotene: 4.7mg• Folic acid: 100mg• Vitamin C: 93.0mg Herbal Properties: Antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, galactagogue, stimulant. Preparation and amount:
  • 6. • Infusion: Steep 5-15 min. Take 6 oz. 3 times daily.• Fluid extract: Take 5-60 drops 3 times daily.• Oil: Take 1-5 drops 3 times daily. Medicinal Benefits:• Fennel promotes the function of the kidneys, liver and spleen, and helps clear the lungs.• Fennel helps to arouse appetite, and relieve colic and abdominal cramps.• Fennel expels mucous accumulations.• Fennel is especially used to reduce gastro-intestinal tract spasms and expel flatulence.• Fennel in larger doses can help removes obstructions of the liver, spleen, and gallbladder.• Fennel is diuretic, i.e. increases amount and frequency of urination, thereby helping removal of toxic substances from the body and helping in rheumatism, swelling etc.• Fennel helps protect eyes from inflammation, disorders related to aging, macular degeneration etc., the juice of fennel leaves and the plant can be externally applied on the eyes to reduce irritation and fatigue of eyes.• Fennel can help increase the flow of mothers milk.• Fennel is widely used around the world as ingredient in mouth fresheners and toothpastes.• Fennel is helpful in treatment of anemia.• Fennel seeds, particularly in powdered form, act as laxative.• Fennel is helpful in curing diarrhea if caused by bacterial action.• Fennel is useful in respiratory disorders such congestion, bronchitis, cough etc.• Fennel increases menstrual flow.• Fennel tea provides moderate relief of symptoms associated with painful periods (dysmenorrhea).• Fenugreek• Scientific Name: Trigonella foenum graecum• Other Names: Birds Foot, Foenugreek, Goats Horn, Griechisches Heu, Alba, Fieno, Alholvam Fenogreco, Trigonelle• Family: Pea family• Part used: Seed• Properties: Demulcent, emollient, expectorant, aphrodisiac, astringent, galactagogue, tonic.• Organs it affects: Lungs, stomach, intestines, and reproductive organs Fenugreek is one of the oldest medicinal plants, dating back to Hippocrates and the ancient Egyptians. The plant grows to a height of about three feet, has three part leaves, and yellow-white pea-like flowers. It bears a hard irregularly shaped yellowish-brown seeds, which are used both as a spice and as an herbal medicine. It has a powerful, aromatic and bittersweet, like burnt sugar flavor. Preparation and Dosage:• Infusion: A tea can be made by infusing teaspoon of seed with two cups of water for five minutes. Take 1 cup during the day. The taste can be improved by mixing it with peppermint oil, lemon extract, or honey.
  • 7. • Decoction: Simmer 5-15 minutes. Take 6 oz. 3 times daily.• Tincture: 30-60 drops 3 times daily.• Fluid extract: ½ - 1 tsp. 3 times daily.• Powder: Take 2-10 capsules 3 times daily. Medicinal Benefits:• Fenugreek contains natural expectorant properties ideal for treating sinus and lung congestion, and loosens & removes excess mucus and phlegm.• Fenugreek is also an excellent source of selenium, an anti-radiant which helps the body utilize oxygen.• Fenugreek helps to reduce the sugar level of the blood. It is used in diabetes in conjunction with insulin.• Fenugreek contains potent antioxidants that have beneficial effects on the liver and pancreas.• Fenugreek is good for the eyes.• Fenugreek is a digestive aid.• Fenugreek lowers blood pressure.• Fenugreek stimulates perspiration to reduce fevers.,• Fenugreek promotes lactation in nursing mothers.• The tea is excellent for sore throats (drink and gargle).• A poultice of pulverized seeds is use for over wounds, tumors, sores, areas of gouty pains, swollen glands, and skin irritations.• It is also good for stomachache, ulcers, gout, hay fever, heartburn, hoarseness, migraines, neuralgia, sciatica, and gas. Nutrient Content: Fenugreek seeds contain 45-60% carbohydrates (mainly mucilaginous fiber), proteins, oils, flavonoids, alkaloids such as saponins and coumarins. Available form: They are available whole and dried, or as a dull yellow powder, ground from the roasted seeds. Garlic Nature has gifted us lots of things to keep our self healthy. One of those gifts is Garlic. There are lots of saying & proverbs about Garlic which reflects its importance & quality such as Garlic is as good as 10 mothers & Garlic a day keep sickness at bay. Moreover, it is regarded as a miracle by naturopaths & herbalists. Various researches have proved it that Garlic is good for health and is beneficial in curing various health problems. The garlic clove contains various nutrients as water soluble nutrients include vitamins, enzymes, amino acids and natural sugars & oil soluble nutrients includes sulphur compounds originating from an amino acid named alliin which is converted to a pungent compound called allicin which has natural antibiotic properties. Presence of sulphur in garlic is the cause of its pungent smell. However, the quality of Garlic cannot be over hidden due to this smell. In several scientific studies it has been found that: Garlic Medicinal Uses
  • 8. • Garlic acts as an antiseptic & helps in curing the wounds very quickly.• One of the health benefits of garlic is that it helps in fighting against various infection & acts against inflammation and infection, including colds, coughs by adding a freshly cut raw clove to food three times a day or take kyolic garlic capsules but raw is always best.• In certain studies in China it has been shown that it contains chemicals that prevent cancer. They suggest that eating garlic on regular basis provides some protection against cancer.• Fresh or cooked garlic or 500 mg garlic capsules twice daily helps in lowers down the blood pressure & cardiovascular problems. It increases the levels of high density lipoproteins & reduces harmful cholesterol in the blood & keeps arteries and heart healthy.• It thins the blood, reduces clotting and helps in controlling blood pressure and poor circulation.• Garlic stimulates the immune system of body & helps in fighting against various diseases.• Prevents & relieves chronic bronchitis, respiratory problems, and catarrh.• It acts as a nasal decongestant & expectorant.• It is also helpful for hum oral asthma, hysteria, dropsy & scurvy.• Garlic works as a cleanser of the digestive system, helps in curing flatulence, kills internal parasites and is an excellent internal antiseptic.• Researcher recommends daily dose of fresh garlic of about 4 gm, equivalent to one or two small cloves for each & every person who wants to keep himself healthy. There are various historical facts which prove that Garlic has been used from centuries for its medicinal uses. From around 3000 B.C. Chinese scholars are praising garlic. Moreover, workers who were engaged in constructing the Great Pyramids of Giza lived mainly on garlic & onion. During World War I, Garlic was used to control infections in wounds. It was also used for controlling a raging epidemic of flu in 1963 in Russia. So now start taking garlic as a diet in your food & enjoy your life without lots of disease. Most important thing is that it doesnt have any side effect. So you can take it without any doubt. I know now you cant avoid such a nice gift of nature which can help you out in various ways. Oh! I am very sorry I forgot to tell you one of the most important things that, it is also helpful in getting rid of VAMPIRES. Ginger Ginger has been used as a natural remedy for many ailments for centuries. Now, science is catching up and researchers around the world are finding that ginger works wonders in the treatment of everything from cancer to migraines. Here are ten health benefits of this powerful herb. Ovarian Cancer Treatment Ginger may be powerful weapon in the treatment of ovarian cancer. A study conducted at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center found that ginger powder induces cell death in all ovarian cancer cells to which it was applied. Colon Cancer Prevention A study at the University of Minnesota found that ginger may slow the growth of colorectal cancer cells. Morning Sickness A review of several studies has concluded that ginger is just as effective as vitamin B6 in the treatment of morning sickness. Motion Sickness Remedy Ginger has been shown to be an effective remedy for the nausea associated with motion sickness.
  • 9. Reduces Pain and InflammationOne study showed that ginger has anti-inflammatory properties and is a powerful natural painkiller.Heartburn ReliefGinger has long been used as a natural heartburn remedy. It is most often taken in the form of tea forthis purpose.Cold and Flu Prevention and Treatment Ginger has long been used as a natural treatment forcolds and the flu. Many people also find ginger to be helpful in the case of stomach flus or foodpoisoning, which is not surprising given the positive effects ginger has upon the digestive tract.Migraine ReliefResearch has shown that ginger may provide migraine relief due to its ability to stop prostaglandinsfrom causing pain and inflammation in blood vessels.Menstrual Cramp ReliefIn Chinese medicine, ginger tea with brown sugar is used in the treatment of menstrual cramps.Prevention of Diabetic NephropathyA study done on diabetic rats found that those rats given ginger had a reduced incidence of diabeticnephropathy (kidney damage).TurmericThe active ingredient in turmeric is curcumin. Tumeric has been used for over 2500 years in India,where it was most likely first used as a dye.The medicinal properties of this spice have been slowly revealing themselves over the centuries. Longknown for its anti-inflammatory properties, recent research has revealed that turmeric is a naturalwonder, proving beneficial in the treatment of many different health conditions from cancer toAlzheimers disease.Here are 20 reasons to add turmeric to your diet:1. It is a natural antiseptic and antibacterial agent, useful in disinfecting cuts and burns.2. When combined with cauliflower, it has shown to prevent prostate cancer and stop the growth ofexisting prostate cancer.3. Prevented breast cancer from spreading to the lungs in mice.4. May prevent melanoma and cause existing melanoma cells to commit suicide.5. Reduces the risk of childhood leukemia.6. Is a natural liver detoxifier.7. May prevent and slow the progression of Alzheimers disease by removing amyloyd plaque buildupin the brain.8. May prevent metastases from occurring in many different forms of cancer.9. It is a potent natural anti-inflammatory that works as well as many anti-inflammatory drugs butwithout the side effects.10. Has shown promise in slowing the progression of multiple sclerosis in mice.11. Is a natural painkiller and cox-2 inhibitor.12. May aid in fat metabolism and help in weight management.13. Has long been used in Chinese medicine as a treatment for depression.14. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, it is a natural treatment for arthritis and rheumatoidarthritis.
  • 10. 15. Boosts the effects of chemo drug paclitaxel and reduces its side effects. 16. Promising studies are underway on the effects of turmeric on pancreatic cancer. 17. Studies are ongoing in the positive effects of turmeric on multiple myeloma. 18. Has been shown to stop the growth of new blood vessels in tumors. 19. Speeds up wound healing and assists in remodeling of damaged skin. 20. May help in the treatment of psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions. Coriander Seed• Other name: cilantro• Family: Umbelliferae family• Part used: leaves and seeds• Uses of seeds: The seeds are used in curries, curry powder, pickles, sausages, soups and stews. The essential seed oil is used in various herbal remedies and dietary supplements, and to flavor gin, vermouth, liqueurs, tobacco and perfumery. Coriander also known as cilantro is a soft, hairless plant growing to 50 cm (20 inch) tall. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds are the most commonly used part. Cilantro is the common name use in the plant leaves, while coriander is the common name for the plant dried seeds. A coriander seed has a lemony citrus flavor when crushed. They are used whole or ground as a flavoring for food and as a seasoning. The fresh leaves are an essential ingredient in many South Asian foods, in Chinese dishes and in Mexican salsa. The leaves are often used raw or added to the dish right before serving. Available forms: Coriander seeds are available as whole seeds or in the powder form. Whole seeds are preferred, rather than the powder form, as the latter tends to lose flavor fast. Medicinal Benefits:• Coriander seeds are used as folk medicine for the relief of anxiety and insomnia.• Coriander seeds are used in traditional Indian medicine as a diuretic.• Coriander leaves can help accelerate the excretion of mercury, lead and aluminum from the body.• Coriander seed can help improve stomach problems like indigestion, diarrhea and flatulence. Mild coriander tea is safe to be given to children under age 2 for colic.• Coriander tea promotes gastric secretions and help stimulates appetite.• Coriander has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that can help prevent infections from wounds. Just sprinkle some powdered coriander seed or leaves on a newly washed injured area.• Coriander has anti-inflammatory properties that can help cases like arthritis and rheumatism.• Coriander tea is used as a genital deodorant.• Gargling with Coriander tea is helpful in toothache and bad breath Clove Clove oil has become so popular just because of its stimulating, invigorating, and antidepressant properties for the benefit of nervous system; anti-flatulence, antiemetic, and anti-bacterial properties for the benefit of digestive system; antiarthritic properties for the benefit of skeleton system; and
  • 11. anti-infective properties for the benefit of respiratory and dermatological system. Besides this, clove oil is good for immune system as it combats infection and maintains immunity against infection diseases. Clove oil has been famous for its strong aroma and spicy flavor that when applied for aromatherapy purposes gets deeply penetrated inside the body parts killing the infection and curing the disease at the same time. Cloves are not new and they have been used and appreciated since ancient times as a tasty spice in food adding flavor to our favorite dishes. The scientific name for clove is Eugenia caryophyllus. Cloves belong to the family of Myrtle or Myrtaceae dicotyledon plants. The basic element of the fruit is situated below the flower and not in its womb so when it reaches full maturity, the calyx becomes the crown. Natural and Alternative Health Clove’s name comes from Latin word “clavus”. For many centuries, the clove tree has been used in traditional medicine for treatment of various medical ailments. It had been so much famous and prestigious that people of Spice Islands or island of the moluccas planted one clove plant to celebrate the birth of each and every child. It was believed by them that if the tree will flourish, it is auspicious for the baby who always wore a necklace made up of cloves as a protection against disease and evil spirits. Also, the medicinal values of clove have been popular among Romans, Greeks, and Chinese. They also used to chew raw clove to fight bad breath and applied clove oil to the affected tooth for relieving chronic toothache. Cloves have been used by ancient naturopathics as an antiseptic and they also used clove oil to prevent infectious diseases. It is also believed that when Dutchmen cut the clove in the island of Moluccas, many epidemics occurred there. Then, the clove became popular and an important spice imported by French and Portuguese. At that time, clove became also popular in India due to its special digestive properties and spicy aroma. Nowadays, clove is used at a large scale for pharmaceutical and cosmetic purposes as an antiseptic and bactericidal mainly in the form of clove oil, clove toothpaste, and clove mouthwash. Nutmeg Nutmeg is the actual seed of the nutmeg tree. This is the only tropical fruit that is the source of two different spices (nutmeg and mace). Nutmeg and mace have similar taste qualities, but mace has a stronger flavor. The nutmeg seed is encased in a mottled yellow, edible fruit, the approximate size and shape of a small peach. The fruit splits in half to reveal a net-like, bright red covering over the seed. This is the aril which is collected, dried and sold as mace. Under the aril is a dark shiny nut-like pit, and inside that is the oval shaped seed which is the nutmeg. Nutmegs are usually sold without the mace or hard shell. Nutmeg is sold whole or ground, and is labeled as ‘East Indian or ‘West Indian indicating its source. Nutmeg is not a nut and does not pose a risk to people with nut allergies. Allergy to nutmeg does occur, but seems to be rather rare.• Medicinal Properties: Sedative, stimulant, relaxant, anti inflammatory, antiseptic, bactericide, etc.• Culinary Uses: Nutmeg is used in sweet and spicy dishes like pies, custard, cookies spice cakes, cheese sauces, soups, egg and vegetables dishes. Mace is often preferred in light-colored dishes for the bright orange, saffron-like color it imparts.
  • 12. • Nutmeg Seed: It is roughly egg-shaped, about 20mm to 30 mm (1inch) long and 15 mm to 18 mm (3/4 inch) wide, and weighing between 5g and 10g (1/4 ounce and ½ ounce)• Nutmeg oil: Essential oil of nutmeg is obtained by steam distillation of ground nutmeg. The oil is colorless or light yellow and smell and taste like nutmeg. This oil is used in perfume, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries, it is also used as a natural food flavoring in baked goods, syrups, and beverages.• Nutmeg butter: Butter is obtained from the nut by expression. It is semi-solid, reddish brown in color, and has the tastes and smells of nutmeg. Medicinal Benefits:• Nutmeg oil is potent brain booster, increasing circulation and allowing you to concentrate better. It also works by stimulating the brain and therefore removes mental exhaustion and stress.• Nutmeg oil also stimulates the cardiovascular system and therefore is a good tonic for the heart.• Nutmeg is an effective liver and kidney detoxifier.• Nutmeg powder heated on the pan with sesame oil until brown is an effective external application to relieve any rheumatic pain, neuralgia and sciatica. The oil should be cooled and strained before application. Nutmeg oil is also effective in treating menstrual cramps, muscular and joint pain as it is an excellent sedative.• Nutmeg can help clear up congestion due to colds, this is the reason why it is used in many cough syrups.• Nutmeg powder (about 5 to 15 grams), mixed with apple juice or banana, is used as a specific remedy for diarrhea caused by indigestion.• A regular massage of the abdomen with nutmeg oil, three weeks before delivery is believed to be very helpful for child birth.• Nutmeg paste mixed with honey is given to infants who cry at night for no apparent reason, to induce sleep.• Nutmeg oil or powder mixed with a half-boiled egg and honey, makes an excellent sex tonic.• Nutmeg oil helps in removing bad breath. It is also antiseptic in nature and is effective for toothaches and aching gums. Saffron Saffron is one of the highly prized spices known since antiquity for its color, flavor and medicinal properties. It is the dried "stigma" or threads of the flower of the S. crocus plant. The plant is a bulbous perennial plant that belongs to the family of iridaceae of the genus, Crocus and known botanically as Crocus sativus. This exotic spice is a native of Southern Europe and now cultivated worldwide in many countries, particularly in Spain, Italy, France, Greece, Turkey, and Iran and in Jammu & Kashmir state of India. Health benefits of Saffron• Saffron contains many plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have anti-oxidant, disease preventing and health promoting properties.• The flower stigma are composed of many essential volatile oils but the most important being safranal, which gives saffron its distinct hay-like flavor. Other volatile oils in saffron are 3,5,5- trimethyl-4-hydroxy-1-cyclohexanone-2-ene, cineole, phenethenol, pinene, borneol, geraniol, limonene, p-cymene, linalool, terpinen-4-oil, etc.• This spice has many non-volatile active components; the most important of them is α-crocin, a carotenoid compound, which gives the stigmas their characteristic golden yellow color. It also contains other carotenoids including zeaxanthin, lycopene, α- and β-carotenes. These are important
  • 13. antioxidants that helps protect body from oxidant induced stress, cancers, infections and acts as immune modulators.• The active components in saffron have many therapeutic applications in many traditional medicines as antiseptic, antidepressant, anti-oxidant, digestive, anti-convulsant.• This novel spice is a good source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, selenium, zinc and magnesium. Potassium in an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese and copper are used by the body as co- factors for the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase. Iron is essential for red blood cell production and as a co-factor for cytochrome oxidases enzymes.• It is also rich in many vital vitamins including vitamin A, folic acid, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin-C that are essential for optimum health. Medicinal uses• The active components present in saffron have many therapeutic applications in many traditional medicines since long time ago as anti-spasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic.• Research studies have shown that, safranal, a volatile oil found in the spice, has antioxidant, cytotoxicity towards cancer cells, anticonvulsant and antidepressant properties.• Αlfa-crocin, a carotenoid compound, which gives the spice its characteristic golden yellow color, has anti-oxidant, anti-depressant, and anti-cancer properties. Chilly Capsicum illy Capsicum Chili peppers nutrition facts Chili peppers, despite their fiery “hotness” are one of very popular spices known for medicinal and health benefiting properties. The chili is actually a fruit pod from the plant belonging to the nightshade family of solanaceae, of the genus; capsicum. Scientific name: Capsicum annum. Some common members of nightshade family are tomato, auburgine, tobacco etc. Health benefits of chili peppers• Chili pepper contains impressive list of plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have disease preventing and health promoting properties.• Chillies contain health benefiting an alkaloid compound in them, capsaicin which gives strong spicy pungent character. Early laboratory studies on experimental mammals suggest that capsaicin has anti-bacterial, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic and anti-diabetic properties. It also found to reduce LDL cholesterol levels in obese individuals.• Fresh chili peppers, red or green, are rich source of vitamin-C. 100 g fresh chilies provide about 143.7 mcg or about 240% of RDA. Vitamin C is a potent water soluble antioxidant. It is required for the collagen synthesis in the body. Collagen is the main structural protein in the body required for maintaining the integrity of blood vessels, skin, organs, and bones. Regular consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps body protect from scurvy; develop resistance against infectious agents (boosts immunity) and scavenge harmful, pro-inflammatory free radicals fro the body. helps remove harmful free radicals from the body.• They are also good in other antioxidants like vitamin A, and flvonoids like beta carotene, alpha carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthins. These antioxidant substances in capsicum helps to protect body from injurious effects of free radicals generated during stress, diseases conditions.• Chillies contain good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Potassium in an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase.
  • 14. • Chillies are also good in B-complex group of vitamins such as niacin, pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), riboflavin and thiamin (vitamin B-1). These vitamins are essential in the sense that body requires them from external sources to replenish. Chilli peppers have amazingly high levels of vitamins and minerals. Just 100 g provides (in % of Recommended daily allowance) 240% of vitamin-C (Ascorbic acid), 39% of vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine), 32% of vitamin A, 13% of iron, 14% of copper, 7% of potassium, but no cholesterol. Cardamon Cardamom nutrition facts Cardamom is a seed pod, known since antiquity for its culinary and medicinal properties. The spice is native to evergreen rain forest of southern India and now grown in only few tropical countries. Botanicallay, it belongs to the family of "zingiberaceae" and consists of two genera; elettaria and amomum. Genarally, the plant grows up to 4 meters in length and starts bearing fruits known as seed pods after about two years of implantation. Each pod measuring about 1-2 cm in length. Health benefits of cardamom• This exotic spice contains many plant derived chemical compounds that are known to have anti- oxidant, disease preventing and health promoting properties.• The spicy pods contain many essential volatile oils that include pinene, sabinene, myrcene, phellandrene, limonene, 1, 8-cineole, terpinene, p-cymene, terpinolene, linalool, linalyl acetate, terpinen-4-oil, a-terpineol, a-terpineol acetate, citronellol, nerol, geraniol, methyl eugenol, and trans- nerolidol.• The therapeutic properties of cardamom-oil have found application in many traditional medicines as antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic and tonic.• Cardamom is a good source of minerals like potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Potassium in an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Copper is required in the production of red blood cells.• It is also an excellent source of manganese and iron. Manganese is a co-factor for the enzyme superoxide dismutase, which is a very powerful free radical scavenger. Iron is required for red blood cell formation.• The pods are rich in many vital vitamins including riboflavin, niacin, vitamin-C that are essential for optimum health.
  • 15. Cumin• Family: Apiaceae• Origin: East Mediterranean to East India• Part used: seeds• Medicinal Properties: Stimulant, Carminative, Anti-microbial, Astringent, Diuretic Cumin is a flowering plant that grows to 30-50 cm (1-2 ft) tall. It has a small flower that is colored white or pink. It bears an oval fruit that is 4-5 mm long and it fruit contains a single seed. Cumin seeds are similar to fennel and anise seeds in appearance, but are smaller and darker in color, like anise seed it also has a distinct flavor and aroma. This strong, aromatic flavor is what makes cumin a popular seasoning in many dishes around the world. It is traditionally added to curries, enchiladas, tacos, and other Middle-Eastern, Indian, Cuban and Mexican-style foods. Cumin has also been used on meat in addition to other common seasonings. Before grounding, cumin seeds are often heated first on an ungreased pan to release their essential oil which is the source of it aromatic flavor. Medicinal Benefits:• Cumin is use for dyspepsia, diarrhea, flatulence and colic.• Cumin is used to increase lactation and reduce nausea in pregnancy.• Cumin may be effective in treating carpal tunnel syndrome.• Cumin may help to increase the breast size.• Cumin poultice is use to relieve swelling of the breast or the testicles.• Cumin stimulates the appetite.• Cumin can help boost the livers ability to detoxify the body.• Cumin is may help relieve symptoms of cold due to its antiseptic properties.• Cumin can help increase the heat in the body thus making metabolism more efficient.• Cumin paste is use as treatment for boils.• Cumin strengthens the functions of stomach and arrests any bleeding.• Cumin can help relieve insomnia. Cumin seed tea: 1 tsp seeds is boiled in a glass of water. You can also add other herbs to this mixture to increase its healing properties. Names of Cumin in different countries:• French: cumin• German: Kreuzkümmel, Romische Kümmel• Italian: cumino• Spanish: comino• Arabic: kammun, kemouyn• Indian: jeera, jeraka, jira, zeera, zira, sufaid• Indonesian: jinten• Malay: jintan puteh