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The Jesuit Relations

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  • 1. The Jesuit Relations
    By: Sara Rawson
  • 2. Introduction (1)
    The Jesuits were members of a religious order, the Society of Jesus, and like the monks, nuns, and friars of other orders, they dedicated their lives to their religion and vowed to live in poverty and obedience.
    The Society of Jesus was founded by a Spanish ex-soldier Ignatius of Loyola in 1534.
    Like many other religions the Jesuits did missionary work all over the place.
    Over the course of nearly two centuries of missionary work, the Jesuits had dealings with almost every Indian nation of the Northeast.
  • 3. Introduction (2)
    The Jesuits were active in Latin America, France, Canada, and many other places.
    New France was a place where the Society of Jesus was always the prominent religion, but they always had rivals.
    The Jesuits struggled with their missions in New France because in their other missions they were use to people listening to their words and they had to adapt to their new audience.
    The missions there did begin to show signs of success in the 1640s.
    There were those who were against the Jesuits just like there are those who do not approve of every other religion.
  • 4. Disease and Medicine
    The Jesuits of New France knew nothing of germs, viruses, and immunity.
    They learned the contrast in how illness was dealt with when they discovered that when people were sick in those places, they were kept close by everyone else, while when a person was sick where they were from they were kept secluded.
    They disapproved of the majority of the aspects of native medicine.
  • 5. Disease and Medicine
    The native played games that they claimed were good for their health.
    They also played a great deal of hope in the idea of luck.
    They held ceremonies and dances to attempt to make the ill better.
    The accounts of the lives of the Natives by the Jesuits depicted the Natives as somewhat strange. It is clear that many of the things that they did were foreign and new to the Jesuits.
  • 6. Diplomacy and War
    The Jesuits did not arrive in New France as conquerors. Instead they made a place for themselves within the already established lives on the Natives.
    Wars between the Natives became more intense in the seventeenth century, partially due to the adaptation of European weapons.
    The Jesuits often referred to the Natives as “barbarians” in the accounts.
  • 7. Diplomacy and War
    This chapter discusses the wars that were going on during that time between all of the Natives.
    It talks about how when the Mohawks were taking over the canoe routes of the Ottawa and St. Lawrence rivers in the later 1640s, at the same time other Iroquois armies were attacking Huron country father west.
    The Jesuits believe that they faith was spreading more and more each day.
  • 8. Writings on the Natural Environment
    New France was a strange and new place for the Jesuits in terms of the land.
    The forests and harsh climate were unusual and tough things for these people.
    The Jesuits were fascinated by the stars and the sky, and recorded appearances of comets, eclipses and other things.
    The Natives were unwilling to separate the happenings of nature and faith, as they worshipped the land.
  • 9. Writings on the Natural Environment
    The spoke a lot about the wild animals and what they meant to the Natives, some evil and some kind.
    The Natives taught the Jesuits to fish and hunt well using the resources that the land offered them.
  • 10. Exploring the Mississippi
    The Jesuits often traveled with the French as chaplains looking for potential new mission places.
    Marquette had relations with different Native tribes and traded and learned from them all.
  • 11. Exploring the Mississippi
    Father Marquette travel on the Mississippi river. He visited the Wild Rice People and the Fire Nation.
    Along the river he learned that there is a vast selections of animals.
    As he traveled he met many more Native tribes, one in particular was the Illinois. They lived divided into many different villages.
    • He learned things about this tribe such as: When they go to war, the whole village is notified with a loud shout. They only wear skins. They do not believe in much in the area of medicine. They have a special dance which they practice and do often.
    • 12. He continued on his travels and met other tribes as well.