Childhood Obesity

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A brief overview of Childhood Obesity

A brief overview of Childhood Obesity

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  • 1. Childhood obesity
    Presented By: Sara Rawe
  • 2. An epidemic
    Over the past decade, childhood cases of type 2 diabetes have increased nearly ten fold because of the rising rates in obesity. And according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16 percent of children (over 9 million) ages 6-19 years old are overweight or obese. During the past thirty years, the childhood obesity rate has more than doubled for children aged 2-5 years and adolescents aged 12-19 years, and more than tripled for children aged 6-11 years. (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009)
  • 3.
  • 4. What are the Causes?
  • 5. Genetic Factors:
    • Childhood obesity is more likely to occur in families with an obese parent or sibling.
    • 6. Genetics alone cannot cause obesity. Obesity most commonly occurs when children consume more calories than their bodies burn.
    Dietary Habits:
    • Children’s dietary habits are shifting away from healthy foods (fruits, vegetables, whole grains) to reliance on fast food, processed snack foods, and sugary drinks.
    • 7. A pattern begins to form with obesity – children eat when they aren’t hungry or they eat in front of the T.V. which promotes snacking.
    • 8. School lunches
  • Socioeconomic Status:
    Families with lower incomes or have nonworking parents are often associated with greater caloric intake for their activity level.
    Physical inactivity:The popularity of television, computers, and video games correlates to inactive lifestyles for many children in the United States.Children in the United States spend an average of over three hours per day watching television. Not only does this use little energy (calories), it also encourages snacking.Fewer than half of children in the United States have a parent who engages in regular physical exercise.
  • 9. What are the effects?
    • Health problems - Type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, heart disease, asthma, joint problems, infertility in women
    • 10. Social problems – low self esteem, picked on or ridiculed at school, peer issues, afraid to meet to people
    • 11. Long term effects – more likely to become an overweight adult which put individuals at high risk for health complications, and ultimately can shorten one’s life.
  • A more in depth look…
  • 12. References
    Abeela, Angela, et al. “Overweight and Obesity.” 19 Aug. 2009. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 27 Sep. 2009.
    Bernstein, Ellen. “Confronting Childhood Obesity.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 13 Oct. 2008. Web. 2 Oct. 2009.
    Mandell, James. “Childhood Obesity Statistics and Facts.” Jan. 2007. National Association of Children’s Hospitals. Web. 29 Sep. 2009.
    Wang, Yola. “The Obesity Epidemic in the United States.” 28 Jun. 2009. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 1 Oct. 2009.