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1206766 634528654286611250



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  • 1. Description of activity: Material (Steel sheets with sharp edges) are stored in the raw material storage area. An overhead crane is used to move the material to a rack near the shearing machine which is about 30 meters away from raw material storage. Individual sheets are lifted manually from the rack and moved to the shearing machine. Shearing (or cutting) takes place, cut pieces are removed manually (stretching is required) and kept on nearby racks. Scrap is removed manually (considerable bending is required) and moved to the scrap area
    Hazard identification
  • 2. Definition of key terms
    OH & S
    Hazard Identification
    Risk Assessment
    Tolerable / Acceptable Risk
  • 3. Key Definitions
    • Occupational Health and Safety
    • 4. Conditions and factors that affect the well-being of
    • 5. employees,
    • 6. temporary workers,
    • 7. contractor personnel,
    • 8. visitors and
    • 9. any other person in the workplace
  • Key Definitions
    • Hazard
    • 10. Source, situation or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health or a combination of these (Ill health refers to identifiable, adverse physical or mental condition arising from and/or made worse by a work activity and/or work related situation)
  • Name any three hazards in your institute
  • 11. Key Definitions
    • Risk
    • 12. Combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure(s) and the severity of injury or ill health that can be caused by the event or exposure(s)
  • Key Definitions
    • Hazard Identification
    • 13. Process of recognizing that a hazard exists and defining its characteristics
  • Key Definitions
    • Risk Assessment
    • 14. Process of evaluating the risk(s) arising from a hazard(s), taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risk(s) is acceptable
  • Key Definitions
    • Tolerable / acceptable risk
    • 15. Risk that has been reduced to a level that can be tolerated by the organization having regard to its legal obligation and its own OH&S policy
  • Key Definitions
    • Safety
    • 16. Freedom from unacceptable risk of harm
  • Heinrich’sprinciple
    Based on analysis on over 550 thousand occupational accidents
    1 for Serious Injury
    H. W. Heinrich got the 1-29-300 principle from his analysis on over 550 thousand occupational accidents. The accidents were classified into 3 categories of serious injury (lost work-day: more than one day), slight injury (no lost work-day) and not injured.
    29 for Slight Injury
    300 without Injury
    Accidents are a Part of the Iceberg
  • 17. What are the broad categories of hazards?
  • 18. Hazards: Broad Categories
    Work Equipment, e.g. entrapment in machinery, equipment without ergonomics consideration.
    Workplace, e.g. uneven floors, poor lighting, high noise level.
    Materials and substances, e.g. dusts, welding fumes.
    Environmental, e.g. temperature extremes, both hot and cold.
    Working practices and procedures, e.g. poor manual handling techniques, unhygienic conditions
  • 19. Hazards
    Struck by : person struck by object
    Struck against : person strikes against object
    Contact With: Contact with energy source like electrical, hydraulic, thermal, pneumatic
    Caught between : pinched, crushed between objects
    Caught on : person or his clothing gets caught on an object
    Awkward Posture: exertion due to stressful / awkward posture
    Caught in : person caught in opening
    Fall to Same level: Fall to same level by slipping or tripping
    Fall Below: Fall to level below
    EX: Exposure to gases, dust, mist, UV, IR, Noise etc
    Excessive force, exposure to stressors from excessive force
    Excessive repetitions, exposure to stressors by excessive frequency
  • 20. Hierarchy of controls
    Elimination – Modify a design to eliminate the hazard (Mechanized instead of manual packaging)
    Substitution – Substitute a less hazardous material or reduce the system energy (Lower the force, pressure, temperature, current)
    Engineering Controls – Ventilation systems, machine guarding, interlocks, sound enclosures
    Signages, warnings and / or administrative controls – Alarms, safety procedures, equipment inspections, access controls
    PPE – Safety glasses, hearing protection, face shields, safety harnesses and lanyards, respirators and gloves
    Determining need for controls
  • 21. Description of activity: Material (Steel sheets with sharp edges) are stored in the raw material storage area. An overhead crane is used to move the material to a rack near the shearing machine which is about 30 meters away from raw material storage. Individual sheets are lifted manually from the rack and moved to the shearing machine. Shearing (or cutting) takes place, cut pieces are removed manually (stretching is required) and kept on nearby racks. Scrap is removed manually (considerable bending is required) and moved to the scrap area
    Hazard identification
  • 22. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
    Planning – Legal and other requirements
    Identification and access to legal and other OH & S requirements
    Applicable requirements to be reckoned while establishing, implementing and maintaining OHSMS
    Up to date
    Other relevant interested parties
  • 23. Safety related legislation in India
    Factories Act and MFR
    Gas Cylinder Rules
    SMPV Rules
    The Electricity Act and IER
    Petroleum Act and Rules
  • 24. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
    Planning – Objectives and Programmes
    Documented objectives at relevant levels and functions
    Measurable where practicable
    Consistent with OH & S policy
    Consideration to
    Legal and other requirements
    OH & S risks
    Technological options
    Financial, Operational and business requirements
    Views of relevant interested parties
  • 25.
  • 26. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
    OH & S Objectives and Programmes
    OH&SMPs for achieving objectives
    Responsibility and authority
    Means and time frame
    Review at regular and planned intervals and adjust to ensure objectives are achieved
  • 27.
    • Implementation and Operation – Resources, Roles, Responsibility, Accountability and Authority
    • 28. Ultimate responsibility for OH&S and OH&SMS
    • 29. Top Management has to demonstrate commitment by
    • 30. Ensuring availability of resources
    • 31. Defining roles, allocating responsibilities and accountabilities and delegating authorities
    • 32. Documented and Communicated
    • 33. Top Management appointee (TMA)
    • 34. Roles, responsibilities and authority of TMA
    • 35. Identity of TMA to persons
    • 36. All with management responsibility to demonstrate commitment to continual improvement of OH&S performance
    • 37. Responsibility of persons in the workplace
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 38. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
    Implementation and Operation – Competence, Training, and awareness
    Competency of personnel
    Appropriate education, training and /or experience
    Training Needs identification, fulfillment, evaluation of effectiveness, records
    Awareness related to
    OH&S consequences and benefits
    Roles and responsibilities
    Potential consequences
    Training procedures – responsibility, ability, language skills, literacy and risk
  • 39.
    • Implementation and Operation – Communication, Participation and Consultation
    • 40. Internal, with contractors / visitors and from external interested parties
    • 41. Participation of workers
    • 42. HIRADC
    • 43. Incident investigation
    • 44. Development and review of OH&S policies and objectives
    • 45. Consultations when changes affect their OH&S
    • 46. Representation on OH&S matters
    • 47. Workers to be informed about their participation arrangements including their representative on OH&S matters
    • 48. Consultation with contractors when changes affect their OH&S
    • 49. Consultation with relevant external interested parties
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 50. Implementation and Operation –Documentation
    OH&S Policy and objectives
    Description and scope of OHSMS
    Description of main elements, interaction, reference to related documents
    Documents , including records required by OHSAS
    Documents, including records necessary to ensure effective planning, operation and control of process related to OH&S risk management
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 51. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
    Implementation and Operation – Control of Documents
    Control of records
    Approve for adequacy before issue
    Review, update and re-approve
    Identification of changes and current revision status
    Availability of relevant versions at use points
    Legible and readily identifiable
    Identification of documents of external origin and control distribution
    Unintended use of obsolete documents and identification
  • 52. Implementation and Operation – Operational Control
    Identification of operations and activities associated with identified risks where controls are necessary to manage risks (including management of change)
    For these operations and activities
    Operational controls, integration of operational controls in OH&SMS
    Controls related to purchased goods, equipment and services
    Controls related to contractors and visitors
    Where absence could lead to deviations for OH&S policy and objectives
    Documented procedures to cover situations
    Stipulate operating criteria
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 53. Implementation and Operation – Emergency Preparedness and Response
    Identify and respond to potential emergency situations
    Respond to actual emergency situations and prevent/mitigate adverse OH&S consequences
    Reckon needs of relevant interested parties like emergency services, neighbours
    Testing, involving relevant interested parties
    Review and revision
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 54. Checking – Performance Measurement and Monitoring
    M & M OH & S performance
    Qualitative and quantitative
    Effectiveness of controls
    Proactive measures
    Reactive measures
    Record data and results
    Calibration and maintenance of equipment
    Calibration records
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 55. Checking – Evaluation of Compliance
    Periodic Evaluation of compliance with applicable Legal and Other Requirements
    Record results
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 56.
    • Incident Investigation, nonconformity and CAPA
    • 57. Record, investigate and analyse incidents
    • 58. Underlying OH&S Deficiencies and Causative factors
    • 59. Need for Corrective action
    • 60. Opportunities for Preventive action
    • 61. Continual Improvement Opportunities
    • 62. Communicate results
    • 63. Investigate in timely manner
    • 64. Results of incident investigation to be documented and maintained
    • 65. Requirements
    • 66. Identify and correct nonconformities and take action to mitigate OH&S consequences
    • 67. Investigate, determine causes and take action to avoid recurrence
    • 68. Evaluate need for preventive action
    • 69. Record and communicate results of CAPA
    • 70. Review effectiveness of CAPA
    • 71. RA of corrective and preventive actions
    • 72. Appropriate to magnitude
    • 73. Commensurate with OH & S risk
    • 74. Necessray changes to OHSMS documentation
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 75. Control of Records
    Identification, storage, protection, retrieval, retention and disposal of records
    Legible, identifiable, traceable
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 76. OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
    These will include at least
    • HIRA
    • 77. Legal and other requirements related
    • 78. Status review records of OMPs
    • 79. Training needs evaluation and training records
    • 80. Records wrt competence of individuals wrt OH&S
    • 81. Audits etc in the department
    • 82. Incident/accident and CAPA
    • 83. Medical records if applicable
  • Internal Audit
    OH &S MS audits at planned intervals
    Conformance to planned arrangements including OHSAS
    Implementation and maintenance
    Effectiveness in meeting policy and objectives
    Information to management
    Audit program based on results of RA, results of previous audits
    Audit procedure to address
    Responsibilities, competencies and requirements for planning and conducting audits, reporting results and retaining associated results
    Audit criteria, scope, frequency and methods
    Selection of auditors and conduct of audits to ensure objectivity and impartiality
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 84.
    • Management Review
    • 85. Top management
    • 86. Planned intervals
    • 87. Continuing suitability, adequacy and effectiveness
    • 88. Assess Opportunities for improvement and need for changes
    • 89. Records of MR to be maintained
    • 90. Inputs to MRM
    • 91. Results of internal audit, evaluation of compliance , participation and consultation, relevant communication from interested parties, OH&S performance of organization, objectives , incident investigation and CAPA, follow up from previous MRMs, changing circumstances and recommendation for improvement
    • 92. Outputs – Decision and actions
    • 93. OH&S Policy, Objectives, Resources and other elements
    • 94. Communicate and Consultation
    Relevant outputs from MR to be made available for communication and consultation
    OH & SMS and OHSAS 18001
  • 95. Thank you