Fresh Water On  A Shrinking Planet
World Population Population doubles every  40  years Source: World Bank 2000
World Population Water Withdrawals Fresh water demand doubles every  20  years Source: World Bank 2000
World Population Water Withdrawals Demand >  150%  of  supply by  2,025 Source: World Bank 2000
“ Water promises to be to the 21 st  century what oil was in the 20 th  century:  Fortune  2000
the precious commodity  that determines  the wealth [and health] of nations” Fortune  2000
FreshWater In India
Ground water
Ground water 70%
Ground water 80%
Ground water 80%
Depletes  14  times faster than replenishes Ground water
# children dying  every day  in India of water illnesses 1600
Gangotri melting Pollution  Rain run-off Declining  supply
Population growth Agriculture Economic development Sky Rocketing Demand
Demand for water  >   supply in India by  2020 Source: World Bank 2000
Where is water going?
Source: World Water Council 2003 10,000  liters of water
140  liters of water Source: World Water Council 2003
Source: World Water Council 2003 11,000  liters of water
Source: World Water Council 2003 400,000  liters of water
Source: World Water Council 2003 Geopolitics Water rights Vulnerability Dependencies  Conflicts
Potential  Water  Solutions In India
Pr otect   existing fr esh   water  sources
Harvest  existing fresh  water  sources
Maintain Water Infrastructure
Manage  Water  Footprint
New  Technologies IIT Material Science Innovation Opportunities Large Indian then $BB Global Market
 
 
Sea Water Reverse  Osmosis
Low-pressure seawater High pressure pump Membrane High pressure brine:25% Fresh water SWRO Exchanger Low pressure reject b...
Financing Public: Cost of water illnesses  =  3%  of India GDP  Economic expansion
Financing Private: Venture capital: technology Entrepreneurship Regional rights auction
 
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IIT Kharagpur Water

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Dominique Trempont's presentation on the looming Water Crisis at IIT Kharagpur's e-summit.

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  • IIT Kharagpur Water

    1. 1. Fresh Water On A Shrinking Planet
    2. 2. World Population Population doubles every 40 years Source: World Bank 2000
    3. 3. World Population Water Withdrawals Fresh water demand doubles every 20 years Source: World Bank 2000
    4. 4. World Population Water Withdrawals Demand > 150% of supply by 2,025 Source: World Bank 2000
    5. 5. “ Water promises to be to the 21 st century what oil was in the 20 th century: Fortune 2000
    6. 6. the precious commodity that determines the wealth [and health] of nations” Fortune 2000
    7. 7. FreshWater In India
    8. 8. Ground water
    9. 9. Ground water 70%
    10. 10. Ground water 80%
    11. 11. Ground water 80%
    12. 12. Depletes 14 times faster than replenishes Ground water
    13. 13. # children dying every day in India of water illnesses 1600
    14. 14. Gangotri melting Pollution Rain run-off Declining supply
    15. 15. Population growth Agriculture Economic development Sky Rocketing Demand
    16. 16. Demand for water > supply in India by 2020 Source: World Bank 2000
    17. 17. Where is water going?
    18. 18. Source: World Water Council 2003 10,000 liters of water
    19. 19. 140 liters of water Source: World Water Council 2003
    20. 20. Source: World Water Council 2003 11,000 liters of water
    21. 21. Source: World Water Council 2003 400,000 liters of water
    22. 22. Source: World Water Council 2003 Geopolitics Water rights Vulnerability Dependencies Conflicts
    23. 23. Potential Water Solutions In India
    24. 24. Pr otect existing fr esh water sources
    25. 25. Harvest existing fresh water sources
    26. 26. Maintain Water Infrastructure
    27. 27. Manage Water Footprint
    28. 28. New Technologies IIT Material Science Innovation Opportunities Large Indian then $BB Global Market
    29. 31. Sea Water Reverse Osmosis
    30. 32. Low-pressure seawater High pressure pump Membrane High pressure brine:25% Fresh water SWRO Exchanger Low pressure reject brine:2% Cost: Rs1 per liter of fresh water
    31. 33. Financing Public: Cost of water illnesses = 3% of India GDP Economic expansion
    32. 34. Financing Private: Venture capital: technology Entrepreneurship Regional rights auction
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