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IIT Kharagpur Water

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Dominique Trempont's presentation on the looming Water Crisis at IIT Kharagpur's e-summit.

Dominique Trempont's presentation on the looming Water Crisis at IIT Kharagpur's e-summit.

Published in: Business, Technology

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Fresh Water On A Shrinking Planet
    • 2. World Population Population doubles every 40 years Source: World Bank 2000
    • 3. World Population Water Withdrawals Fresh water demand doubles every 20 years Source: World Bank 2000
    • 4. World Population Water Withdrawals Demand > 150% of supply by 2,025 Source: World Bank 2000
    • 5. “ Water promises to be to the 21 st century what oil was in the 20 th century: Fortune 2000
    • 6. the precious commodity that determines the wealth [and health] of nations” Fortune 2000
    • 7. FreshWater In India
    • 8. Ground water
    • 9. Ground water 70%
    • 10. Ground water 80%
    • 11. Ground water 80%
    • 12. Depletes 14 times faster than replenishes Ground water
    • 13. # children dying every day in India of water illnesses 1600
    • 14. Gangotri melting Pollution Rain run-off Declining supply
    • 15. Population growth Agriculture Economic development Sky Rocketing Demand
    • 16. Demand for water > supply in India by 2020 Source: World Bank 2000
    • 17. Where is water going?
    • 18. Source: World Water Council 2003 10,000 liters of water
    • 19. 140 liters of water Source: World Water Council 2003
    • 20. Source: World Water Council 2003 11,000 liters of water
    • 21. Source: World Water Council 2003 400,000 liters of water
    • 22. Source: World Water Council 2003 Geopolitics Water rights Vulnerability Dependencies Conflicts
    • 23. Potential Water Solutions In India
    • 24. Pr otect existing fr esh water sources
    • 25. Harvest existing fresh water sources
    • 26. Maintain Water Infrastructure
    • 27. Manage Water Footprint
    • 28. New Technologies IIT Material Science Innovation Opportunities Large Indian then $BB Global Market
    • 29.  
    • 30.  
    • 31. Sea Water Reverse Osmosis
    • 32. Low-pressure seawater High pressure pump Membrane High pressure brine:25% Fresh water SWRO Exchanger Low pressure reject brine:2% Cost: Rs1 per liter of fresh water
    • 33. Financing Public: Cost of water illnesses = 3% of India GDP Economic expansion
    • 34. Financing Private: Venture capital: technology Entrepreneurship Regional rights auction
    • 35.