Wheelchair Tennis: Clubhouses And Pavillions


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The purpose of the tennis court building brief is to provide a guide to the
minimum standards to which new outdoor courts should be constructed.
This information should not be considered to be a complete building
brief in itself but the basis from which a full project brief, design and
specification can be evolved.
It should be noted that the dimensions contained in this document are
for recreational play and many require to be exceeded for specialist
events and tournaments. In these instances further advice should be
sought from the LTA.

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Wheelchair Tennis: Clubhouses And Pavillions

  1. 1. ISSUE 1 JUNE 2008 • • Introduction LTA Funding Clubhouses and • • Standards Statutory Approvals pavilions • Disabled Users’ Policy • Contract • Design • Location • Internal Planning • Security • Future Expansion • References Introduction It should be noted that the This information should not be Construction Regulation 2007 considered to be a complete (CDM Regulations) will apply to building brief in itself but the all but a few minor projects. basis from which a full project brief, design and specification Disabled Users Policy can be evolved. All new tennis facilities and extensions or refurbishment LTA Advice works to existing facilities should LTA Facilities Project Managers meet or exceed the standards can provide technical guidance required by law as set out in the for all projects and for overall current Building Regulations. design quality. The technical, financial and sports development aspects of Standards all projects applying for LTA All construction projects should loans or grants are vetted, and conform to the requirements of access for all disabled users all relevant current building (with particular attention to the legislation, including British extra width of sports wheelchairs) Standards and Codes of is considered as part of this Practice. process. Please also refer to DTLR Building Regulations, Part Statutory Approvals M for further guidance. Building Regulation and Planning approvals should be When designing any tennis obtained (if appropriate). facility, whether indoor, outdoor 1
  2. 2. or both, always consider the Contract following for all potential users: All projects that require LTA funding should use a recognised • Designated accessible standard form of building parking. contract e.g. Joint Contracts • Access from car park to front Tribunal (JCT) standard forms, door. which are suitable for dealing • Access through front door with a range of projects values and to all main areas and types. internally and externally. • High level bolts on double Space should be allocated on leaves that cannot be the construction site signboard reached. for an “LTA Building for Tennis” • Entrance matting impeding sign (310mm x 1220mm). movement. • Height of entrance Environmental Policy counters/reception desks. The LTA embraces • Door widths that are too environmental issues in the narrow. Sports chairs range design of tennis facilities. The up to a 1200mm wheelbase. following areas should be considered: • Strength of door closers. • Corridor widths that do not • use of materials obtained allow passing of sports from renewable sources wheelchairs. • measures to minimise • Steps and thresholds into dependence on finite fossil showers that obstruct fuels, emissions and movement and use. operating costs and improve • Lack of suitable shower seats energy efficiency. or shower chairs. • Electrical sockets/switches, Design taps, handles, etc. are The design of any scheme positioned to high to be should create a facility with reached. warmth of character and • Mirrors that are too high and environment that will be cannot be used. attractive to users of all ages • Use of colours that are and abilities. It should be fit for inappropriate for anyone who its intended purpose and made has a sight impairment. attractive by the considered use • Ramp gradients that are of landscaping materials, steep or have no landing textures and colours in suitable areas. combinations. • Steps generally. • Capacity of lifts. Pavilions are a highly • Fire escape for large groups specialised type of building and of people on viewing it is advisable to obtain specialist balconies, in meeting rooms, assistance with the design of etc. facilities from an architect, • Unnecessary restrictions on surveyor or engineer. While the use of some tennis court most of the difficulties relate to surfaces. the layout, specification and • Choice of lift to social/viewing detail of the interior, the exterior areas. too can present some serious • Viewing - height of problems for designers. Most balustrades clubhouses are quite prominent, set in either a fairly flat landscape of tennis courts or 2
  3. 3. within confined residential areas. • Access to outdoor tennis At the same time, they tend to courts - avoid a long walk and be somewhat isolated and keep well illuminated. susceptible to vandalism. The • Access for all users. ideal building is therefore both • Proximity of adjacent resistant to vandals but properties aesthetically pleasing. • Car parking - avoid a long Consideration should therefore walk and keep well be given to the use of illuminated. hardwearing, long life, low maintenance materials. You may Internal Planning also wish to consider local The intended use of the building architectural styles and local will have a significant affect materials. upon the required facilities. The main uses found within tennis Location clubhouses are as follows:- An assessment will need to be made of the factors affecting the • Lobby Area - with provision location of a clubhouse for booking courts, etc. development. These include:- Special arrangements and door sizes will be required to • The shape and contours of allow disabled users full the available land and the access to the facilities likelihood of gaining planning including front entrance, approval. changing rooms, etc. • Location of service supplies • Changing Facilities i.e. mains electricity, sewers, (including the provision of water supplies and access showers and toilets) - The roads. Long stretches of number of courts that the pipework or cable will affect pavilion is intended to serve the cost and hence the will determine the size of viability of a project. changing provisions. If the building is to be used by both • Aspect - this will influence the males and females, this will location of viewing areas, affect the position of changing social areas, access doors, room doors, number of toilets etc. Viewing areas, for and showers etc. For instance, should be designed example, doors into changing and located so that the glare rooms and toilets should be from the setting sun does not arranged to deny views into destroy the view. interiors, modesty • Access to all areas for routine walls/screens or two sets of maintenance should be doors may be necessary. An considered. adjoining door between • The potential hazard of large changing rooms is a useful overhanging trees and their means of expanding provision root systems or preserved for a single sex if special trees should be considered. events are to be held. If both • Proximity to walls or trees adults and children will use that could give vandals the building, the shower access to the roof or second controls will have to be floor must be taken into mounted at a height that can account. be reached comfortably by • The potential for future adults and children alike. expansion of the facility Child protection issues must including the construction of also be taken into account in indoor courts. the design. 3
  4. 4. • Kitchen - with external developing the area around the access and a store area. It is end of a corridor. important to meet the Health and Safety and environmental Further information: Health requirements when this type of facility is specified. Sports England Guidance Notes, The kitchen store will need to Sports England 1999. be accessible for deliveries. www.sportengland.org • Social Area - Before considering the addition of a social area, you should Royal Institute of British consider whether the area will Architects (RIBA): www.riba.net be used throughout the week or only at weekends. A social area will add to the initial For a list of Modular & Portable building costs and its long- Clubhouse Suppliers please term running costs, consider contact the LTA Facilities whether it is really desirable. Department on 020 8487 7065 The bar store will need to be or 7158. accessible for deliveries if a bar is to be included. • Office Accommodation - with suitable power supplies for modern equipment. • Fitness Area • Viewing Areas - an external terrace or balcony. Security Most pavilions are located on relatively isolated sites and are potential targets for vandals or intruders. Consider security measures such as alarms, secure windows, etc. Contact the local Crime Prevention Officer at the design stage and seek his or her advice on security. Include low level lighting to pathways to allow safe egress from the clubhouse. Future Expansion Unless the constraints of the site mean that future expansion is extremely unlikely, always consider the possibility that extra changing rooms or committee rooms may be needed in the future. Think ahead, say 15 years, to what type of facility the club may need. Identify ways in which the pavilion could be extended, for example, 4