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Global Forum on Accessible Cities              Turin, 17 June 2011                           Katerina Papamichail         ...
Athens 2004 – Olympic and Paralympic City              Katerina Papamichail, Turin ,17 June 2011   2
Making the historical city accessible                                        Athens had to be made ready                  ...
Making the historical city accessible                                        A more “friendly” and                        ...
Making the historical city accessible                                        All the visitors should be able              ...
Making the historical city accessible                                        Until this time, making the                  ...
The Challenge We had to find many compromises between respecting the cultural and architectural heritage and creating a mo...
Highlighting 3 examples1.   Improving the urban transport system by renovating the     old railway stations and creating a...
Example of good practice             Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011   9
Piraeus station   BeforeElectric Railways Athens – Piraeus AE.               After                                   Kater...
Faliro station1950s                                                           After renovation, 2004        1990s         ...
Each station should have its own ‘character’              Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011   12
Omonia stationBefore                                                      After           Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 J...
Access improvementsTactile routes, with colour contrast, on platforms and approaches, andtactile markings at the platform ...
Access improvements• Lifts, where necessary, on both platforms, with Braille control buttons andannounced stops• Escalator...
Access improvementsAt 3 stations , there is a gap, where the platform edge is curved, so atransportable ramp for wheelchai...
Access improvementsUnderpasses and/or new bridges were added or renovated at all stations.                         Katerin...
Access improvements• Trains have audible stop announcements and, since2010, also visual announcements of the stations• Sig...
Access improvements                                     • Security cameras and                                     personn...
Access improvements• surrounding pavements and access routes with dropped kerbs, etc.• kiosks were moved from pavements wh...
Athens Metro                                   The metro was opened in January                                   2000 and ...
Athens metro Stations have a unique style or character and specially commissioned works of art are a special feature in ev...
Athens metro The art works take many forms, for example paintings, sculptures, collages, light installations….            ...
Athens metro Tiling and reliefs…                       Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011   24
Accessibility:Ticket machines and ticket counters are at a low height, for wheelchair users.Platforms are provided with ta...
Athens metro - accessIn a few places, where needed, there is a platform lift for wheelchair users.On every platform there ...
Athens metro - access• Every station has lifts and level or ramped access points.• Lifts have control buttons with Braille...
Athens metro - accessSeating is provided on all platformsAll trains arrive at the station from the left-hand end of the pl...
Athens metro – revealing the pastMany valuable relics - dating back 9,000 years - were found during tunnelling works      ...
Athens metro – revealing the pastRelics are displayed today in glass cases and exhibits in the stations, making theAthens ...
Example of good practice             Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011   31
The Acropolis            Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011   32
Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June2011                                  33
Making the impossible possible …                                        34                      Katerina Papamichail, Turi...
The Acropolis                                                      The lift can carry                                     ...
Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011   36
The Acropolis                                                      In archaeological                                      ...
Acropolis – access to the old MuseumIn 2004 access was alsomade possible to theformer Acropolis Museum,which was located o...
The Acropolis                               Spyros Stavrianopoulos                               President,               ...
Example of good practice             Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011   40
Joining the Archaeological Sites            Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011   41
Joining the Archaeological SitesVisitors can move freely, without crossing traffic, along a 5 km.route between the main ar...
Joining the Archaeological Sites                                                      Pathway to the                      ...
Joining the Archaeological Sites                                                  The Herodion Theatre           Katerina ...
Joining the Archaeological Sites                                                      Wooden ramps and                    ...
New Acropolis Museum                                      This view from the air                                      show...
New Acropolis Museum                                                    Designed by the                                   ...
New Acropolis MuseumA design and engineering solution was found by placing the building higher up,on 43 columns… so that t...
New Acropolis MuseumVisitors can now see a working excavation site under the museum.                          Katerina Pap...
New Acropolis Museum                                   The museum is fully                                   accessible fo...
New Acropolis MuseumThe upper gallery and the view to the Parthenon                     Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 Jun...
Athens today… is a better environment, where everyone can move around more easily and reach the main attractions and archa...
The steps to achieve accessibilityfor all in historical areas and sites  The decision, by public authorities, to make acce...
Athens – Accessible for AllYou are very welcome to visit and experience  Athens for yourself!Thankyou                 Kate...
ContactName:      Katerina Papamichail, ArchitectCountry:   GreeceEmail:     papamikat@yahoo.gr                 Katerina P...
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K Papamichail - Global Forum on Accessible Cities

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A Global Forum on Accessible Cities held in Turin (Italy) on 16th and 17th June 2011 bringing together experts, representatives of European disabilities groups, architects and town planning experts involved in promoting the accessibility of people with disabilities people. The Conference was organised by Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Torino in collaboration with the Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD), The World Bank and the League of Historical and Accessible Cities (LHAC). On the occasion of the conference, Fondazione CRT also hosted the League of Historical and Accessible Cities meeting.

The first day of the conference was devoted to the analysis and presentation of the general framework regarding accessibility from an international and multidisciplinary perspective. Interesting contributions were made, amongst others, by Donata Vivanti (Vice-President, European Disability Forum), Richard C. Duncan (Executive Director of the R. L. Mace University Design Institute of North Carolina, USA), Akiko Ito (Chief of the United Nations Global Program on Disability), Maria Veronica Reina (Executive Director, GPDD), Aleksandra Posarac (Team Leader, World Bank), Ivor Ambrose (Managing Director of the European Network for Accessible Tourism - ENAT), Gerald Craddock (Irish Centre for Excellence in Universal Design), Katerina Papamichail (Head of Architectural Studies Department, Workers’ Housing Organisation, Greece), and Gerry Salole (Chief Executive Officer of the EFC)

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Transcript of "K Papamichail - Global Forum on Accessible Cities"

  1. 1. Global Forum on Accessible Cities Turin, 17 June 2011 Katerina Papamichail Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 1
  2. 2. Athens 2004 – Olympic and Paralympic City Katerina Papamichail, Turin ,17 June 2011 2
  3. 3. Making the historical city accessible Athens had to be made ready for visitors to watch the Games and to enjoy the city Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 3
  4. 4. Making the historical city accessible A more “friendly” and accessible city for citizens and spectators Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 4
  5. 5. Making the historical city accessible All the visitors should be able to enjoy the many monuments and archaeological sites Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 5
  6. 6. Making the historical city accessible Until this time, making the environment accessible for wheelchair users, people with walking difficulties, sight impairments, and others was not a priority and was often neglected Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 6
  7. 7. The Challenge We had to find many compromises between respecting the cultural and architectural heritage and creating a modern, accessible city for all. Our tools were: The national legislation and access guidelines Best practices in urban renewal, renovations and development. The experience of Greek experts in universal design and accessibility Teamwork – with the contribution of disability NGOs, Municipalities, the General Secretariat of the Olympic Games and the ATHENS 2004 Paralympic Division. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 7
  8. 8. Highlighting 3 examples1. Improving the urban transport system by renovating the old railway stations and creating a New Metro line.2. Making - at last - the Acropolis of Athens, the symbol of Greek civilisation, accessible for All.3. Joining up the archaeological sites with a pedestrian walkway; and the New Acropolis Museum.Universal design principles were a parameter in the re-modelling of the city and transport system, but ‘access for all’ was not achieved to the same degree in all projects. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 8
  9. 9. Example of good practice Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 9
  10. 10. Piraeus station BeforeElectric Railways Athens – Piraeus AE. After Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 10
  11. 11. Faliro station1950s After renovation, 2004 1990s Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 11
  12. 12. Each station should have its own ‘character’ Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 12
  13. 13. Omonia stationBefore After Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 13
  14. 14. Access improvementsTactile routes, with colour contrast, on platforms and approaches, andtactile markings at the platform edge. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 14
  15. 15. Access improvements• Lifts, where necessary, on both platforms, with Braille control buttons andannounced stops• Escalators wherever possible Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 15
  16. 16. Access improvementsAt 3 stations , there is a gap, where the platform edge is curved, so atransportable ramp for wheelchair users is provided at the first door of thefirst carriage. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 16
  17. 17. Access improvementsUnderpasses and/or new bridges were added or renovated at all stations. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 17
  18. 18. Access improvements• Trains have audible stop announcements and, since2010, also visual announcements of the stations• Signage directs wheelchair users to use the frontcarriage, where the driver can assist if necessary• Ticket offices with low counters Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 18
  19. 19. Access improvements • Security cameras and personnel who can guide and assist passengers are at every station throughout the day and night • Toilets at stations for wheelchair users Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 19
  20. 20. Access improvements• surrounding pavements and access routes with dropped kerbs, etc.• kiosks were moved from pavements where they were blockingaccess Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 20
  21. 21. Athens Metro The metro was opened in January 2000 and has two lines. (Red and blue on the map). The electric railway, is marked with green. The new metro system is completely below ground and is designed to transport around 450,000 passengers daily. When it opened it had 20 stations and covered a total distance of about 18 kilometres. New stations have been added, as the line has been extended since then, going all the way to the Athens International Airport. 21 Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011
  22. 22. Athens metro Stations have a unique style or character and specially commissioned works of art are a special feature in every station 22 Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011
  23. 23. Athens metro The art works take many forms, for example paintings, sculptures, collages, light installations…. 23 Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011
  24. 24. Athens metro Tiling and reliefs… Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 24
  25. 25. Accessibility:Ticket machines and ticket counters are at a low height, for wheelchair users.Platforms are provided with tactile routes and warning tiles at the platform edge 25 Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011
  26. 26. Athens metro - accessIn a few places, where needed, there is a platform lift for wheelchair users.On every platform there is level access to the train and there is only a verysmall gap between the platform and the train. 26 Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011
  27. 27. Athens metro - access• Every station has lifts and level or ramped access points.• Lifts have control buttons with Braille text, and stops are announced verbally• Escalators are provided at all stations 27 Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011
  28. 28. Athens metro - accessSeating is provided on all platformsAll trains arrive at the station from the left-hand end of the platform and depart tothe right. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 28
  29. 29. Athens metro – revealing the pastMany valuable relics - dating back 9,000 years - were found during tunnelling works Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 29
  30. 30. Athens metro – revealing the pastRelics are displayed today in glass cases and exhibits in the stations, making theAthens Metro a museum in its own right. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 30
  31. 31. Example of good practice Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 31
  32. 32. The Acropolis Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 32
  33. 33. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June2011 33
  34. 34. Making the impossible possible … 34 Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011
  35. 35. The Acropolis The lift can carry one disabled visitor in a wheelchair and their companion, in addition to the lift operator. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 35
  36. 36. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 36
  37. 37. The Acropolis In archaeological sites in general, there is always some hesitancy about laying paths or other “modern” interventions. In this case, the chosen solution gives the minimal possible intrusion. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 37
  38. 38. Acropolis – access to the old MuseumIn 2004 access was alsomade possible to theformer Acropolis Museum,which was located on thehilltop. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 38
  39. 39. The Acropolis Spyros Stavrianopoulos President, Hellenic Paralympic Committee “I believe that it’s a work that had to be done in Greece, because it symbolizes the right of access to art and culture, which nobody can forbid”. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 39
  40. 40. Example of good practice Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 40
  41. 41. Joining the Archaeological Sites Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 41
  42. 42. Joining the Archaeological SitesVisitors can move freely, without crossing traffic, along a 5 km.route between the main archaeological sites and the centralmetro stations, Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 42
  43. 43. Joining the Archaeological Sites Pathway to the Acropolis, designed in the 1950s by the renowned Greek architect Pikionis. An integrated smooth path is missing and I believe that it should be added. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 43
  44. 44. Joining the Archaeological Sites The Herodion Theatre Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 44
  45. 45. Joining the Archaeological Sites Wooden ramps and a platform area have been added at one side of the terraced rows of seating, making the ancient theatre accessible for wheelchair users. The Herodion Theatre Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 45
  46. 46. New Acropolis Museum This view from the air shows the Acropolis with the Parthenon and the old museum, a low building at the eastern corner of the Acropolis, and the new Museum in the foreground. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 46
  47. 47. New Acropolis Museum Designed by the Swiss architect Bernard Tschumi and opened in 2009. The new museum had to fit into a very small plot among other buildings and have a direct view to the Acropolis. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 47
  48. 48. New Acropolis MuseumA design and engineering solution was found by placing the building higher up,on 43 columns… so that the excavations could be protected and displayed. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 48
  49. 49. New Acropolis MuseumVisitors can now see a working excavation site under the museum. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 49
  50. 50. New Acropolis Museum The museum is fully accessible for wheelchair users. Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 50
  51. 51. New Acropolis MuseumThe upper gallery and the view to the Parthenon Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 51
  52. 52. Athens today… is a better environment, where everyone can move around more easily and reach the main attractions and archaeological sites Planners, designers and builders are now aware of the problems and possibilities of access: they do not think the combination of accessibility and good urban design is impossible… Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 52
  53. 53. The steps to achieve accessibilityfor all in historical areas and sites The decision, by public authorities, to make access a priority Awareness of the need for inclusive solutions Deep knowledge / expertise about universal design and accessibility Careful application of standards and creative solutions Working as a team, transforming and communicating knowledge to different actors: finding compromises Experts following the planning, design and implementation closely, on-the-spot. Common standards for accessibility of historical sites and monuments Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 53
  54. 54. Athens – Accessible for AllYou are very welcome to visit and experience Athens for yourself!Thankyou Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 54
  55. 55. ContactName: Katerina Papamichail, ArchitectCountry: GreeceEmail: papamikat@yahoo.gr Katerina Papamichail, Turin 17 June 2011 55
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