Les chateaux de la france


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NCVPS French Culture Cafe- Les Chateaux

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Les chateaux de la france

  1. 1. Culture Café NCVPS Le 18 mars Mme Haselhorst
  2. 2.  Les Châteaux are located along the Loire River. They were mostly summer homes of the royalty and nobility- especially after François Ier moved the courts back to Paris.
  3. 3.  House of Valois: (1328-1589)  Charles XII  Louis XI  CharlesVIII  Orléans-Angoulême:1515-1589  François Ier- 1515-1547 (Amboise, Blois, Chambord)  Henri II- 1547-1559 (Amboise, Cheverny, Chaumont, Chenonceau)  François II  Charles IX  Henri III  Bourbon: 1589-1792  Henri IV  Louis XIII  Louis XIV (Le Palais de Versailles)  Louis XV  Louis XVI  1er Republique: 1792-1804 (La Révolution Française)  Napoléon Bonaparte
  4. 4.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m0mzCXl OMHU
  5. 5. 13th-17th Century Counts of Blois Duc d’Orléans- 1391 Louis XII- favorite Gothic and Renaissance François I- 1515- was going to move to Blois from Amboise. Built a new wing with spiral staircase Ransacked during French Revolution
  6. 6. Henri II gave it to his mistress, Diane de Poitiers, who sold it back to the former owner’s family. The family (Hurault) still owns it and opened it to the public in 1922. It’s decorated in the style of the 17th century. A pack of 70 hunting dogs are still there.
  7. 7.  Founded in the 10th Century as a fortress, destroyed, rebuilt in the 15th Century.  Aquired by Catherine de Médici in 1560. After Henri II’s death, she forced Diane de Poitiers to switch castles with her in 1559.  Donated to the government in 1938- is a museum.
  8. 8.  Original built in 1430- destroyed except for the keep.  Henri II gave it to Diane de Poitiers. She built the arched bridge.  Henri II’s wife, Catherine de Médici forced her to move to Chaumont and then she lived there.  “Château des Dames” for the history of France, built in 1513 by Katherine Briçonnet and successively made more attractive by Diane de Poitiers and Catherine de Médicis, Chenonceau was spared from the hardships of the Revolution by Madame Dupin.  This feminine imprint is present throughout, having preserved the castle from conflicts and wars and made it a haven of peace ever since.  Served as a hospital during the war L: Diane’s bedroom. B: Catherine’s bedroom.
  9. 9.  Largest Chateau- 1519  Built to be a hunting cabin for François I- near his mistress  Rarely used and not near town, so all food had to be brought in. Difficult to heat. Decorative. Unfurnished.  French Renaissance style  The Château de Chambord displays a unique silhouette, with its 156 metre façade, 426 rooms, 77 staircases, 282 fireplaces and 800 sculpted capitals.  François I- returned from Italy with Leonardo da Vinci  Stored artwork during WW2
  10. 10.  1518-1527  French renaissance  On an island- Rive Indre  Original fortress Built to protect the road- Tours- Chinon  L Shape
  11. 11.  Loire valley in Amboise  French Renaissance  Saint Hubert chapel, a masterpiece of extravagant gothic architecture, which houses the tomb of Leonardo da Vinci  The son of Louis XI, Charles VIII- lived in it and updated to Italian style- died there in 1498  François I- was raised there.  Henri II- was raised there.  A lot demolished
  12. 12. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=85 2eroBwDrA Begun in 1664 for the Sun King- Louis XIV 1682- Louis XIV moved the court from Paris to Versailles. French Revolution- Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette- had to move to Les Tuileries in Paris. Napoleon Lived at the Grand Trianon