In this assessment I will contrast the differences between two regions of Brazil, these will be the North & the South-East.
I will contrast the difference in Population, Climate, Relief & Vegetation, Land-use, Economy & Lifestyles/Standard of living.
Hope you enjoy!!!
The North of Brazil Tropical (Hot and Humid) climate Contains the cities of Manaus and Belem Sparsely Populated Amazon Rainforest Average Temperature of 24 ̊c Lower standard of living Few Mountains Traditional Lifestyles Flatter relief
There are many tribes in The Amazon region and I am going to feature the tribes of Tikuna and Caboclos.
The Tikuna tribe is located in the Western side of the Amazon near the foothills of the Andes. The main food in the tribe is fish caught by net or by a sphere thrown with deadly accuracy and malaioc planted in the ground. Malaioc is poisonous but the poison is squeezed out very cleverly. The houses of this tribe are on stilts so it is cool with the heat on the ground being hot because of the conditions. The houses are also on stilts because of flooding and the houses are kept dry. The tribe cuts down wood for spheres, firewood, canoes and farming space. They burn down the area because it puts ash in the soil which acts as a good fertiliser which gives out nutrients. When the nutrients are gone the trees grow back, this type of farming is called shifting cultivation this does not harm the forest because it is sustainable.
The Caboloclus tribe is different well in the different way they farm. Instead of the shifting cultivation the Tikuna tribe use they use a slash and burn cultivation which is unsustainable and will harm the forest because the tress will not grow back. They use cattle for Meat and Milk and most of the produce is given to the market. In the wet ( look out for it in my climate graph for the North) season they do carrel with the animals.
Cities in The North Manaus Located on the Rio Negro. Tropical climate No dry season Near the Amazon river The mobile phone companies Nokia, Sagem, Gragiente and BenQ-Siemens run mobile phone manufacturing plants in Manaus. Population (2005) -1,664,690 Belem It is the capital and also the biggest city of the state of Para Its metropolitan area has approximately 2.09 million inhabitants . The city was founded on January 12, 1616 The population is 1.421 million, which makes Belem the 10th largest city in Brazil Tropical climate with no dry season
The South-East of Brazil Densely Populated Hot seasonal Climate Large cities e.g. Rio de Janerio, Sao Paulo Mixed lifestyles South-East Brazil is very important for farming and industry Higher standard of living Tropical (Hot & Humid) climate Higher relief Most of the rain is in the start of the year
Rio is a Big, Industrial, Glamorous City with lots of great views. But in other places in Rio there are little slum shacks named Favelas see picture behind, these can be called in my opinion “ build your own houses”. 1 in 3 people live in these in Rio. People live in these houses because they were migrated looking for work, not the most ideal standard of living. Rio’s roads are crowded and jammed. In Barra, a nearby city with a population of 130,000 people it is nicknamed the California of Brazil. In my opinion this is a better city than Rio because of the safety, good transport, and family activities plus I prefer the more quietness of the city compared to Rio.
Cities in The South-East Rio de Janerio The city was the capital of Brazil for almost two centuries The population of the City of Rio de Janeiro is about 6,136,652 Rio has a Tropical climate. The temperature occasionally reaches over 40°C Rio de Janeiro became an good place for companies to locate when it was the capital of Brazil It is famous for its spectacular Carnival celebration Sao Paulo The city is the largest in Brazil and fourth in the world by population The city has a population of 10,886,518 The city has a humid climate The city of Sao Paulo is divided into 31 boroughs (areas) Sao Paulo is the most ethnically diverse city of Brazil
The North has a sparse density and the South-East has a dense density.
In 2007, the North had an estimated population of 15,022,060 and a density of 3.8 people per square km.
In 2008, the South-East had an estimated population of 79,561,095 and a density of 84.2 people per square km. This is very crowded compared to the Amazon region.
In comparison, as most of Brazil’s regions, the two regions population are very different.
This is maybe because of people in Brazil moving from countryside's to big cities such as Rio de Janerio and Sao Paulo in the South-East looking for work. These people are then making these cities crowded and busy.
Brazil’s population counted in 1998 to the nearest thousand has a population of 158,851,000 compared to the United Kingdom's 58,649,000.
Overall Brazil has quite a tropical climate in most of the regions.
The annual temperatures in the South-East of Brazil ranges between 20 o C in the border between Sao Paulo and Parana and 24 o C in the north of the region at Minas Gerais. The average temperature seen in the areas Serra do Espinhaco, Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Mar have an average tempeture of the region 18 o C, due to the conjugated effect of the latitude with the frequency of the polar currents.
In the summer, mainly in the month of January, the normal average temperatures range from 30 o C to 32 o C and in the winter the normal average temperatures range from 6 o C to 20 o C, with minimum of -4 o to 8 o C.
In the North region of Brazil the climate is hot, with annual temperatures ranging from 24 o to 26 o C.
The rainy period of the area occurs in summer & autumn
Overall relatively the same in the climate catogory
Sao Paulo state is responsible for approximately one-third of Brazilian GDP.
The state's GDP consists of 550 billion dollars!!!!! , making it also the biggest economy of South America and one of the biggest economies in Latin America, second after Mexico.
Its economy is based on machinery, the automobile and aviation industries, services, financial companies, commerce, textiles, orange growing, sugar cane and coffee production these can be under the land use list as well.
The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests!!! And it is the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. More than 1/3 of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest!!!
Mainly tropical-like semi deciduous forests, in the South-East with very little vegetation.
A big difference in the Relief and Vegetation category.