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Lit Analysis Essay Slideshare

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  • 1. Writing a LiteraryWriting a LiteraryAnalysis EssayAnalysis EssayMrs. RabyyMrs. Rabyy
  • 2. First ThoughtsFirst Thoughts Read and analyze the literatureRead and analyze the literature Read and analyze the promptRead and analyze the prompt Who will read this essay?Who will read this essay? What skills do they want me to show?What skills do they want me to show? What ideas to they want me to discuss?What ideas to they want me to discuss? How does the prompt suggest that IHow does the prompt suggest that Iorganize my ideas?organize my ideas?
  • 3. This is a straight-forward structurethat you can applyto any type ofessay.
  • 4. PrewritingPrewriting Break down the promptBreak down the prompt Connect evidence to theConnect evidence to theprompt’s ideasprompt’s ideas
  • 5. Develop a Thesis StatementDevelop a Thesis Statement Thesis statements respond directlyThesis statements respond directlyand completely to the promptand completely to the prompt Thesis statements analyze orThesis statements analyze orilluminate the textilluminate the text They do NOT:They do NOT:ask questionsask questionsstate mere observationsstate mere observations
  • 6. Observation (Ineffective Thesis):Observation (Ineffective Thesis):Example:Example:Toni Morrison’s novel,Toni Morrison’s novel, BelovedBeloved,,uses a non-linear structure withuses a non-linear structure withfrequent flashbacks.frequent flashbacks.Just a basic, factual observationJust a basic, factual observationEasily observed by any readerEasily observed by any readerDoes not analyze or illuminateDoes not analyze or illuminate
  • 7. Effective Thesis Statements:Effective Thesis Statements: Use action verbs:Use action verbs: Toni MorrisonToni Morrison mirrorsmirrors thethefragmentation of her characters’fragmentation of her characters’lives in the structure of the novellives in the structure of the novelitself.itself. Not:Not: BelovedBeloved, written by Toni, written by ToniMorrison,Morrison, hashas a fragmented formata fragmented formatthat mirrors her characters.that mirrors her characters.
  • 8.  Use sub-topics as examples forUse sub-topics as examples forsupport:support: flashbackflashback stream of consciousnessstream of consciousness shifts in point of viewshifts in point of view These can later become topicsThese can later become topicsof body paragraphs, and formof body paragraphs, and formtopic sentences of their own.topic sentences of their own.Effective Thesis Statements:Effective Thesis Statements:
  • 9. Response to Prompt:Response to Prompt: Toni MorrisonToni Morrison mirrors themirrors thefragmentation of her characters’fragmentation of her characters’lives through her novel’s non-lives through her novel’s non-linear structurelinear structure, specifically, specificallythrough her use of flashback,through her use of flashback,stream of consciousness, andstream of consciousness, andshifts in point of view.shifts in point of view.
  • 10. Key Points for SupportKey Points for Support Toni Morrison mirrors theToni Morrison mirrors thefragmentation of her characters’fragmentation of her characters’lives through her novel’s non-lives through her novel’s non-linear structure, specificallylinear structure, specificallythrough her use ofthrough her use of flashback,flashback,stream of consciousness, andstream of consciousness, andshifts in point of viewshifts in point of view..
  • 11. Writing an introduction.Writing an introduction. Your introduction should goYour introduction should gofrom broad to specific:from broad to specific:1.1. Hook your reader’s attention about the topic of yourHook your reader’s attention about the topic of youressay.essay.2.2. Connect this topic to the literature you’re discussingConnect this topic to the literature you’re discussing3.3. Define terms and give essential background infoDefine terms and give essential background info4.4. State your thesisState your thesis
  • 12. Avoid “fluff.” No one is fooled.Avoid “fluff.” No one is fooled. Literature often portraysLiterature often portrayscharacters who have manycharacters who have manyconflicts.conflicts. Toni Morrison is a good author.Toni Morrison is a good author. She writes about former slavesShe writes about former slavesand women of color.and women of color. Slavery was shameful.Slavery was shameful. Beloved is a good book that dealsBeloved is a good book that dealswith many issues relevant towith many issues relevant toliterature.literature.
  • 13. Boring.Boring.Silly!Silly!
  • 14. Hook: Use your key analyticalHook: Use your key analyticalidea of the promptidea of the prompt From the thesis:From the thesis: non-linearnon-linearstoryline mirrors characters’storyline mirrors characters’fractured livesfractured lives So…Form reflects content.So…Form reflects content. Hook:Hook: Experimental writers oftenExperimental writers oftenchallenge the traditional plot formchallenge the traditional plot formby abandoning a chronologicalby abandoning a chronologicalplot line in favor of one less linearplot line in favor of one less linearand more fragmented.and more fragmented.
  • 15. Toni Morrison’sToni Morrison’s BelovedBeloved is toldis toldin shifting voices of seeminglyin shifting voices of seeminglyunrelated narratives, rather thanunrelated narratives, rather thanchronologically, which serves tochronologically, which serves toemphasize the characters’emphasize the characters’disjointed personalities anddisjointed personalities andexperiences.experiences.Background Info: title, author,Background Info: title, author,key evidencekey evidence
  • 16. Then, just add the thesisThen, just add the thesisstatement.statement.
  • 17. Experimental writers often challengeExperimental writers often challengethe traditional plot form by abandoning athe traditional plot form by abandoning achronological plot line in favor of one lesschronological plot line in favor of one lesslinear and more fragmented. Toni Morrison’slinear and more fragmented. Toni Morrison’sBelovedBeloved is told in shifting voices of seeminglyis told in shifting voices of seeminglyunrelated narratives, rather thanunrelated narratives, rather thanchronologically, which serves to emphasizechronologically, which serves to emphasizethe characters’ disjointed personalities andthe characters’ disjointed personalities andexperiences.experiences. Morrison mirrors theMorrison mirrors thefragmentation of her characters’ lives throughfragmentation of her characters’ lives throughher novel’s non-linear structure, specificallyher novel’s non-linear structure, specificallythrough her use of flashback, stream ofthrough her use of flashback, stream ofconsciousness, and shifts in point of view.consciousness, and shifts in point of view.Complete Intro ParagraphComplete Intro Paragraph
  • 18. An effectively-written and well-An effectively-written and well-organized introductoryorganized introductoryparagraph should act as aparagraph should act as aguide and outline for the restguide and outline for the restof the paper. It prepares yourof the paper. It prepares yourreader to be convinced andreader to be convinced andimpressed by your argument.impressed by your argument.
  • 19. Thesis StatementThesis Statement Topic SentencesTopic Sentences Split your thesis statement intoSplit your thesis statement intosub-topicssub-topics These will define the topics ofThese will define the topics ofyour body paragraphsyour body paragraphs Each paragraph should discussEach paragraph should discussonly and entirely the content ofonly and entirely the content ofthe topic sentencethe topic sentence
  • 20. Thesis Statement:Thesis Statement: Morrison mirrors thefragmentation of her characters’ lives through hernovel’s non-linear structure, specifically throughher use of flashback, stream of consciousness,and shifts in point of view.Topic Sentences:Topic Sentences:1.1. Beloved uses flashback to demonstrate that thepast is always a part of the present.2.2. In addition to flashback, Morrison uses streamof consciousness to illustrate the fragmentedstate of her characters’ minds.3.3. Morrison also employs a shifting point of viewas a method of not only fragmenting the narrativebut also to illustrate how each character isconnected.ThesisThesis  TSsTSs
  • 21. Essay Outline:I. IntroductionII. Body 11. Topic Sentence: Beloved uses flashbackto demonstrate that the past is always apart of the present.2. Flashback Example w/ commentary3. Flashback Example w/ commentary4. Flashback Example w/ commentary5. Conclusion Sentence (revisit, wrap-up)
  • 22. III. Body 21. Topic Sentence: In addition toflashback, Morrison uses stream ofconsciousness to illustrate thefragmented state of her characters’minds.2. Stream of Consciousness Example w/commentary3. Stream of Consciousness Example w/commentary4. Stream of Consciousness Example w/commentary5. Conclusion Sentence (revisit, wrap-up)* Don’t forget to add transitions between ideas and tointroduce your quotations properly!
  • 23. IV. Body 31. Topic Sentence: Morrison alsoemploys a shifting point of viewas a method of not onlyfragmenting the narrative butalso to illustrate how eachcharacter is connected.2. Point of View Example w/ commentary3. Point of View Example w/ commentary4. Point of View Example w/ commentary5. Conclusion Sentence (revisit, wrap-up)
  • 24. Writing Body Paragraphs:Writing Body Paragraphs:Choose the Perfect QuotesChoose the Perfect Quotes• Generally, try to find three directGenerally, try to find three directquotations that prove eachquotations that prove eachelement of your thesiselement of your thesisstatement.statement.• 33 examples of flashbackexamples of flashback• 33 examples of stream ofexamples of stream ofconsciousnessconsciousness• 33 examples of shifts in point ofexamples of shifts in point ofviewview
  • 25. Writing Body Paragraphs:Writing Body Paragraphs:Commentary for Every QuoteCommentary for Every Quote Commentary is analysis, withoutCommentary is analysis, withoutit, you’ve just written a summaryit, you’ve just written a summaryor book reportor book report First, analyze the implications/First, analyze the implications/deeper meanings of the quotedeeper meanings of the quote Second, connect the analysis toSecond, connect the analysis tothe prompt, thesis statement,the prompt, thesis statement,and topic sentenceand topic sentence
  • 26. V. ConclusionIt is sometimes helpful to thinkof the conclusion as a reversalof your introduction: specific tobroad1. Revisit your thesis consideringall you’ve said since
  • 27. Original Thesis:Original Thesis: Morrison mirrors theMorrison mirrors thefragmentation of her characters’ livesfragmentation of her characters’ livesthrough her novel’s non-linear structure,through her novel’s non-linear structure,specifically through her use of flashback,specifically through her use of flashback,stream of consciousness, and shifts instream of consciousness, and shifts inpoint of view.point of view.Revisitation: Because of Morrison’s innovativeuse of basic literary elements likeflashback, stream of consciousness, andpoint of view, she is able to produce apowerful effect that reflects the sometimeschaotic and often broken lives of hercharacters.
  • 28. Now we work backwards tosomething a little more general.Introduction Background:Introduction Background: Toni Morrison’sToni Morrison’sBelovedBeloved is told in shifting voices ofis told in shifting voices ofseemingly unrelated narratives, rather thanseemingly unrelated narratives, rather thanchronologically, which serves to emphasizechronologically, which serves to emphasizethe characters’ disjointed personalities andthe characters’ disjointed personalities andexperiences.experiences.Conclusion Revisitation:Conclusion Revisitation: By constructingBy constructingthe novel in what at first appears to bethe novel in what at first appears to beunrelated pieces unanchored in chronologyunrelated pieces unanchored in chronologyor point of view, Morrison actually achievesor point of view, Morrison actually achievesa kind of unity that supports thea kind of unity that supports thedevelopment of the story and herdevelopment of the story and hercharacters.characters.
  • 29. We finally add the “clincher:” an ideathe reader can apply elsewhereIn doing so, Morrison creates anew kind of American novel,one not tied to a form rooted intradition. Similarly, hercharacters forge ahead tocreate new lives, confidentlyrejecting the history ofoppression from which it hadonce seemed impossible toescape.
  • 30. Done! Your essayis complete!

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