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Elements of plot

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  • 1. Elements of Plotin Narrative TextsNarrative TextsWhat elements make up the plot?What patterns do narrative texts follow?
  • 2. Plot: The sequence of events in a story--beginning, middle and end.ExpositionRising ActionClimaxFalling ActionResolutionOften Represented by the Plot Diagram:
  • 3. Plot Line:ExpositionRising ActionClimaxFalling ActionResolution★ Exposition: Background information at the beginning of the story; thesetting and characters are established.★ Conflict: The protagonist meets the antagonist, and their struggle becomesapparent.★ Rising action: A series of events and complications build on characterizationand conflict, and foreshadowing, suspense, irony, and literary devices get involved.★ Climax: The solution to the conflict is decided. This is the turning point--andoften most emotional part--of the story. The event may be either an action ormental decision that the protagonist makes.★ Falling action: The events resulting from the climax.★ Resolution: Minor conflicts are wrapped up and there is an indication ofclosure or continuance of life for the characters.
  • 4. Conflict: The problem in the story thatthe protagonist faces.There are 4 kinds of conflict:★ Man vs. Man: The main character is in conflict with anothercharacter, human or not human.★ Man vs. Nature: The main character is in conflict with the forces ofnature, which serve as the antagonist.★ Man vs. Society: The main character is in conflict with a largerman-made source or group: society, culture, religion, peers, school,etc.★ Man vs. Self: The main character experiences some kind of innerconflict like a making a difficult decision or dealing with a personalproblem.
  • 5. Techniques of PlotA few techniques that authors often use:★ Foreshadowing: hints or clues that suggest what will happenlater in the story.★ Suspense: Suspense makes the reader ask, "What will happennext?" It makes the reader or audience uncertain or tense aboutthe outcome of events.★ Irony: Generally, irony defies the reader’s expectations.Verbal Irony: sarcasm; saying the opposite of what is literally meantSituational Irony: the situation is the opposite of what is expected orlogical; a “twist” in the storyDramatic Irony: the audience knows somethingthat the characters do not knowSpecial...
  • 6. Techniques of PlotA few techniques that authors often use:★ Foreshadowing: hints or clues that suggest what will happenlater in the story.★ Suspense: Suspense makes the reader ask, "What will happennext?" It makes the reader or audience uncertain or tense aboutthe outcome of events.★ Irony: Generally, irony defies the reader’s expectations.Verbal Irony: sarcasm; saying the opposite of what is literally meantSituational Irony: the situation is the opposite of what is expected orlogical; a “twist” in the storyDramatic Irony: the audience knows somethingthat the characters do not knowSpecial...