Ancient China Cultures


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Qin Dynasty culture

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Ancient China Cultures

  1. 1. Ancient Chinese Culture <ul><li>by: Hazelle Ko and Josephine Ong </li></ul>Group 3
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Various aspects of culture have influenced social and political events </li></ul>
  3. 3. Language <ul><li>Different dialects but is the same language </li></ul><ul><li>Had a written language that could be used by all dialects </li></ul><ul><li>Developed ideographs </li></ul>
  4. 4. Language’s Influences <ul><li>Art was made out of calligraphy writing </li></ul><ul><li>Books and teachings were written down </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone is able to communicate </li></ul><ul><li>Scribes record special events and composed literary works </li></ul>
  5. 5. Religion <ul><li>It depended on which dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle bones in the Shang dynasty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Philosophies were developed </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Chinese beliefs of yin-yang </li></ul><ul><li>Shi Huangdi disapproved Confucianism and Daoism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Confucianism <ul><li>Confucius, founder </li></ul><ul><li>The moral teachings of Confucius and his followers </li></ul><ul><li>First emperor, Shi Huangdi banned this philosophy and burned the books </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confucianism teaches that the chief virtues are respect for parents and ancestors, kindliness, faithfulness, intelligence and proper behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analects </li></ul>
  7. 7. Daoism <ul><li>Second only to Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Dao De Jing </li></ul><ul><li>Appealed to the peasants because of its concern with nature </li></ul><ul><li>Withdraw from the troubles of the world and become one with nature </li></ul>
  8. 8. Legalism <ul><li>Main philosophy during the Qin dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Shi Huangdi approved </li></ul><ul><li>School of Chinese philosophy concerned with politics </li></ul><ul><li>Power, harsh laws, and that people can’t be trusted </li></ul><ul><li>Peace achieved with cruel punishments </li></ul>
  9. 9. Religion’s Influences <ul><li>Shapes people’s lives and daily way of living </li></ul><ul><li>Government was affected by religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shi Huangdi was a Legalist, so his rule was harsh </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Rituals and Traditions <ul><li>Genealogy is kept carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Five Classics, Analects of Confucius are essential for an educated man </li></ul><ul><li>Father rules family </li></ul><ul><li>Women important after bearing sons </li></ul><ul><li>Sons were preferred and had careers chosen by fathers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Influences of Rituals and Traditions <ul><li>Well-educated men know what is necessary to be scribes and civil servants </li></ul><ul><li>Families are very important in Chinese society </li></ul>
  12. 12. Art <ul><li>Calligraphy </li></ul><ul><li>Silk (Shang Dynasty) </li></ul><ul><li>Bone, ivory, jade were used by artisans </li></ul><ul><li>Art tells about Chinese life </li></ul>
  13. 13. Art’s Influences <ul><li>Relics are here today for us to see </li></ul><ul><li>Calligraphy is a writing and art </li></ul><ul><li>Kaolin was first glazed </li></ul>
  14. 14. Literature <ul><li>Analects- Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Dao De Jing- Daoism </li></ul><ul><li>Five Classics- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Book of Poems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book of History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book of Changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spring and Autumn Annals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book of Rites </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Literature Limited <ul><li>Shi Huangdi wanted only one kind of philosophy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Burned all of Confucius’ books and tormented Confucius’ followers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Executed scholars who opposed him </li></ul><ul><li>Burned books (left only one copy in the imperial library) so that only one written language was present </li></ul>
  16. 16. Literature’s Influences <ul><li>All men had lessons, “textbooks” </li></ul><ul><li>Scholars wrote these </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophies can be known </li></ul>